Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Milvus > Milvus migrans
 

Milvus migrans (Black Kite)

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.63474
EDGE Score: 2.26538

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.20 lbs (1.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  56 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fish [3]  10 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  70 %
Forages - Aerial [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  60 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  24 years
Speed [5]  26.17 MPH (11.7 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  5.0 feet (1.52 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Buru rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Range montane rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Ranges xeric scrub Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Comoros forests Comoros Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane moorlands Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Gibson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Sandy-Tanami desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Victoria desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Louisiade Archipelago rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar lowland forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar mangroves Madagascar Afrotropic Mangroves
Madagascar subhumid forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
New Britain-New Ireland lowland rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
New Britain-New Ireland montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rwenzori-Virunga montane moorlands Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Saharan halophytics Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulawesi montane rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumba deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Trobriand Islands rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Baimaxueshan Nature Reserve V 462837 Yunnan, China  
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park II 770291 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Bogdhad Mountain Biosphere Reserve 318000 China  
Bory Dolnoslaskie 425252 Poland  
Bory Tucholskie 797004 Poland  
Camargue 546256 France  
Currawinya Lakes National Park II 372252 Queensland, Australia
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Dinder National Park II 2088300 Sudan  
Dolina Biebrzy 299507 Poland  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Garamba National Park II 1237963 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
La Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d' Ankarafantsika National Park II 335701 Madagascar  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura Biosphere Reserve 469500 Spain  
Lasy Puszczy nad Drawa 470190 Poland  
Lore Lindu National Park II 577959 Sulawesi, Indonesia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MONTES DE TOLEDO 538722 Spain  
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mahale Mountains National Park II 398414 Tanzania
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Murgia Alta 311059 Italy  
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Ostoja Biebrzanska 366973 Poland  
Ostoja Drawska 380310 Poland  
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale dello Stelvio National Park V 333737 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Prince Regent River Nature Reserve Ia 1428602 Western Australia, Australia  
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Puszcza Augustowska 332055 Poland  
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Puszcza Piska 427004 Poland  
Puszcza Sandomierska 319052 Poland  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA MORENA 331883 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SIERRAS DE DEMANDA, URBIÓN, CEBOLLERA Y CAMEROS 342683 Spain  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  
TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS 344575 Spain  
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  
Waterberg Biosphere Reserve 1024427 Limpopo, South Africa  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Western Balkan 362801 Bulgaria  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
'Grosses Moos' plain and Niederried reservoir Switzerland A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Agri Valley Italy B2, C6
Alcántara reservoir-Cuatro Lugares Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Alcubierre and Sigena mountain ranges Spain C6
Aliman: Adamclisi Romania C1, C6
Allah Bair: Capidava Romania C1, C2, C6
Alluvial forests from Podravska Slatina to Vuka Croatia A1, B2
Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort France A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Arraiolos Portugal B1i, B1ii, B2, C6
Évora plains Portugal A1, B1i, B2, C1, C6
Babadag wood Romania C1, C6
Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau France C2, C6
Barthes de l'Adour France B2, C6
Barycz river valley Poland C1, C3, C4, C6
Basse Vallée de la Durance France B1i, C3, C6
Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud France B2, C6
Basses Corbières France A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C5, C6
Bassigny France B3, C6
Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne France C6
Bosphorus Turkey A4i, A4ii, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1ii, B1iii, B1iv  
Brenne centrale France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Brenne Sud France C6
Cabeção Portugal B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Castro Verde plains Portugal A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Castronuño-Zamora Spain C6
Côa valley Portugal B2, C6
Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides France B1i, C2, C6
Chokpak Pass Kazakhstan A4iv
Col de l'Escrinet France A4iv, B1i, B1iv, C2, C5
Col de Lizarrieta France A4i, B1i, B1iv, C2, C3, C5, C6  
Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers: Tvrdonicko Czech Republic B2, B3, C6
Cortados del Jarama Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Crau France A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Derventski Heights Bulgaria B2, C6
Dobrogei gorge Romania C1, C2, C6
Drawa River Site Poland C1, C6
Dunăre: Canarale: Hârşova Romania C1, C6
Dunăre: Ostroave Romania C1, C2, C6
Dunărea Veche (Braţul Măcin) Romania C1, C2, C6
Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord France A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc France B2, C6
Etangs d'Argonne France B2, C6
Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée France A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine France C6
Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme France A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Etangs Montpellierains France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Etangs Narbonnais France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Forêt de Chaux France B2, C6
Forêt de Saou France C6
Forêt domaniale de la Harth France B2, B3, C6
Garonne : marais de Bordeaux France B2, C6
Gorges de la Dordogne France B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Gorges de la Truyère France B2, B3, C6
Gorges du Gardon France A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Gornje Podunavlje Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Grigne Italy B2, C6
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Hagieni forest Romania C1, C6
Harsovska Reka Bulgaria B2, B3, C6
Haut Val d'Allier France B2, B3, C6
Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache France A4iv, B1iv, B2, C5, C6
Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers France A4iv, B1iv, C5, C6
Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais France A1, B1iv, B2, C1, C5, C6
Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Jerez de los Caballeros dehesas Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Jura mountains of Baselland: Solothurn Switzerland B2, B3
La Brévine and Les Ponts-de-Martel Switzerland B2, B3
Lac de Grand-Lieu France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux France A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Alviano Italy C6
Lake Bolsena Italy B2, C6
Lake Bracciano and surrounding areas Italy B2, B3, C6
Lake Maggiore Italy C6
Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore Switzerland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Litorale Romano Italy B1i, B2, C3, C6
Lobau Austria B2, C6
Lomovete Bulgaria B2, C6
Low Tietar river and La Vera valley Spain B1i, B2, C2, C6
Lower course of the river Matarraña-Ribarroja Spain B1i, B2, C2, C6
Lower Odra river valley Poland C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lower Sava river Croatia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur Switzerland B2, B3
Ludogorie Bulgaria B2, B3, C6
Lunca Turului Inferior Romania C1, C6
Madzharovo Bulgaria A3, B2, C6
Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains Italy B2, B3, C2, C6
Manferrara forest Italy B2, C6
Marais de Brière France B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Marais et estuaire de la Seudre France A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Marais et forêt d'Olonne France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
March/Thaya riverine forest Austria B2, B3, C6
Marchesato and River Neto Italy B1iii, B2, C2, C3, C6
Massif du Canigou-Carança France A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C5, C6
Middle Odra River Valley Poland C1, C6
Middle section of river Guadalquivir reservoirs Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Middle valley of Tagliamento river Italy C6
Mont Tendre Switzerland B2, B3
Montagne de la Serre France B1i, B1iv, C2, C5, C6
Morava Slovakia A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Mourão, Moura e Barrancos Portugal A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Moyenne Vallée de la Durance France A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6
Notec Forest Poland C1, C6
Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley Poland C1, C6
Odra riverine forests Poland C1, C3, C6
Parc National des Ecrins France B2, C2, C6
Paul de Arzila Portugal C6
Paul do Boquilobo Portugal B1i, B2, C2, C6
Paul do Taipal Portugal A4i, B1i, C6
Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre France A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Petite Camargue laguno-marine France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Picentini mountains Italy C6
Pisz forest Poland C1, C6
Plaine du Forez France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Plateau Ardennais France B3, C6
Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes France A1, B2, C1, C6
Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux France B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C5, C6
Pointe de Grave France B1i, B1iv, C3, C5, C6
Pollino Italy B2, C6
Region of Junglinster Luxembourg B2, C6
Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler Luxembourg B2, C6
Region of Schuttrange, Canach, Lenningen and Gostingen Luxembourg C6
Region of the Middle Lias Luxembourg B2, B3, C6
Ried de Colmar et Sélestat France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4, C6
River Biferno Italy B2, C6
River Cega-Tierra de Pinares-Cantalejo Spain B2, B3, C6
River Danube flood-plain Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
River Guadiana Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
River Mincio and Bosco Fontana Italy A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
River Sele middle valley Italy C6
Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld Austria B2, C6
Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna Austria B2, B3, C6
Rock of Gibraltar Gibraltar (to UK) A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, C1, C5
Sabôr and Maçãs Portugal B2, B3, C6
Sakar Bulgaria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Samars'kyj forest Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret Spain A3, B2, C2, C6
San Pedro mountain range Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
Sinémurienne Belgium C6
Szczecin lagoon Poland C1, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Tarifa Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C4
Tierra de Campos steppes Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Tolfa hills Italy B2, B3, C6
Tuchola Forest Poland C1, C2, C6
Turopolje Croatia B2
Upper River Tejo Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C6
Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze France B1i, B1iv, C2, C5, C6
Val d'Allier Bourbonnais France A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde France A4i, B1i, B1iv, C3, C5, C6
Val de Saône France A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge) France A1, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron France B2, C6
Vallée de la Garonne : Boussens à Carbonne France B2, C6
Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire France B2, B3, C6
Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais France B1i, C3, C6
Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux France A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, C2, C5
Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye France B2, B3, C6
Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim France A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Valley of the Attert Luxembourg B2, C6
Western Strandzha Bulgaria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Zuera mountains Spain B2, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Abax pilleri[6]
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)[6]
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)[6]
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)[6]
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)[6]
Cerberus australis (New Guinea bockadam, Dog-faced Water Snake)[7]
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)[6]
Chorthippus biguttulus (Bow-winged Grasshopper)[6]
Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Hawfinch)[6]
Delichon urbicum (Common house-martin and northern house-martin)[6]
Emberiza citrinella (Yellowhammer)[6]
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)[6]
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)[6]
Fringilla montifringilla (Brambling)[6]
Hirundo rustica (Barn Swallow)[6]
Linaria cannabina (Common Linnet)[6]
Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)[6]
Ochotona curzoniae (Plateau Pika)[8]
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)[6]
Rana temporaria (European frog)[6]
Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust)[9]
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)[6]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[6]
Talpa europaea (European Mole)[6]
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)[6]
Zootoca vivipara louislantzi (Viviparous Lizard)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)1
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)4
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)1
Aegolius funereus (Boreal Owl)1
Aeshna cyanea (Southern Hawker Dragonfly)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Anax imperator (Emperor Dragonfly )2
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)1
Anthus spinoletta (Water Pipit)1
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)2
Aquila audax (Wedge-tailed Eagle)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)1
Aquila clanga (Greater Spotted Eagle)1
Ardea cinerea (Grey Heron)3
Argiope bruennichi (Bruennich's garden spider)1
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)1
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)13
Athene noctua (Little Owl)4
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)1
Buteo buteo (Common Buzzard)1
Buteo hemilasius (Upland Buzzard)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)6
Ciconia nigra (Black Stork)2
Circus aeruginosus (Western Marsh Harrier)1
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)5
Circus pygargus (Montagu's Harrier)1
Coronella austriaca (Smooth Snake)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)3
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)1
Dolomedes fimbriatus (Raft Spider)1
Dytiscus marginalis (Predaceous diving beetle)2
Erinaceus europaeus (western European hedgehog)1
Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)2
Falco columbarius (Merlin)13
Falco longipennis (Australian Hobby)1
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)1
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)4
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)1
Felis manul (Pallas's Cat)1
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)2
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)1
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)1
Gypaetus barbatus (Bearded Vulture)1
Haliaeetus leucogaster (White-bellied Sea Eagle)1
Haliastur indus (Brahminy Kite)1
Hieraaetus morphnoides (Little Eagle)1
Ichthyosaura alpestris (Alpine Newt)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)2
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)4
Lissotriton helveticus (Palmate Newt)1
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)2
Martes foina (Beech Marten)2
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)2
Meles meles (European Badger)1
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)6
Motacilla flava (Western Yellow Wagtail)1
Mustela altaica (Mountain Weasel)1
Mustela erminea (Ermine)2
Mustela eversmanii (Steppe Polecat)1
Mustela nivalis (Least Weasel)2
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)4
Natrix natrix (European Grass Snake)2
Natrix tessellata (Dice Snake)1
Nepa cinerea (Water Scorpion)2
Ninox connivens (Barking Boobook)1
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)1
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)1
Rhagio lineola (Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio scolopaceus (Downlooker Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio tringarius (Marsh Snipe Fly)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)15
Strix varia (Barred Owl)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)1
Thereva nobilitata (Common Stiletto)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)1
Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)2
Vulpes ferrilata (Tibetan Sand Fox)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)4
Zamenis longissimus (Aesculapean Snake)5

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Apophallus muehlingi[10]
Baruscapillaria falconis <Unverified Name>[10]
Centrorhynchus magnus[10]
Centrorhynchus milvus[10]
Ceratophyllus vagabundus insularis[11]
Cladotaenia globifera[10]
Contracaecum haliaeti <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[10]
Contracaecum milvi <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyathocotyle orientalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum spathaceum[10]
Dispharynx karachii <Unverified Name>[10]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinochasmus japonicus <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinochasmus milvi[10]
Echinochasmus tobi <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucoleus dispar <Unverified Name>[10]
Gelanocotyle milvi <Unverified Name>[10]
Gnathostoma spinigerum <Unverified Name>[10]
Hadjelia truncata <Unverified Name>[10]
Holostephanus metorchis <Unverified Name>[10]
Holostephanus nipponicus <Unverified Name>[10]
Idiogenes flagellum <Unverified Name>[10]
Linstowiella viviparae <Unverified Name>[10]
Mesostephanus milvi[10]
Metagonimus yokogawai[10]
Metorchis crassiusculus <Unverified Name>[10]
Metorchis orientalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum attenuatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum obscurum <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum perlatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum pseudattenuatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum spathoides <Unverified Name>[10]
Neodiplostomum spathula <Unverified Name>[10]
Neopsylla setosa setosa[11]
Nosopsyllus laeviceps laeviceps[11]
Notaulus asiaticus <Unverified Name>[10]
Opisthorchis geminus <Unverified Name>[10]
Paracoenogonimus ovatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Pharyngostomum cordatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Philophthalmus mirzai <Unverified Name>[10]
Porrocaecum angusticolle <Unverified Name>[10]
Procyrnea leptoptera <Unverified Name>[10]
Procyrnea mansioni <Unverified Name>[12]
Prohemistomum vivax <Unverified Name>[10]
Pseudidiogenes flagellum <Unverified Name>[10]
Serratospiculum tendo <Unverified Name>[10]
Sphaerirostris maryasis[10]
Stenoponia tripectinata insperata[11]
Strigea falconis[10]
Synhimantus laticeps <Unverified Name>[10]
Xenopsylla conformis conformis[11]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Alice Springs Desert Park
 affinis
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Bird Park Marlow
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Colchester Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
 affinis
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dierenrijk Europa
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk
Giza Zoological Gardenaegyptius
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
 parasitus
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Healesville Sanctuary
International Centre for Birds of Prey
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Johannesburg Zoological Gardensparasitus
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Gardenlineatus
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
 migrans
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centreparasitus
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
 parasitus
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africaparasitus
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
National SEA LIFE Centre
 parasitus
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Rostock Zoologischer Gartenmigrans
Rotterdam Zoo
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
State Museum and Zoogovinda
Taronga Zooaffinis
The Hawk Conservancy
 migrans
 parasitus
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tropical Butterfly House
Trotter's World of Animals
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Pont-Scorff
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiamigrans
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
 migrans
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbHmigrans
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; Oceania; Takamanda Forest Reserve; Tsavo National Park; Vallée de la Haine en aval de Mons (Bernissart; Boussu; Hensies; Jurbise; Mons; Quaregnon; Saint-Ghi;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
6Ecology of Commanster
7The prey and predators of Homalopsine snakes, HAROLD K. VORIS and JOHN C. MURPHY, Journal of Natural History, 2002, 36, 1621–1632
8The plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) is a keystone species for biodiversity on the Tibetan plateau, Andrew T. Smith and J. Marc Foggin, Animal Conservation (1999) 2, 235–240
9SYMENS, P. (1988). Effects of the mass migration of desert locusts Schistocerca gregaria on birds in the Taif area. Arabia.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11International Flea Database
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access