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Gyps bengalensis (White-rumped Vulture)

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis) is an Old World vulture closely related to the European griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus). At one time it was believed to be closer to the white-backed vulture of Africa and was known as the Oriental white-backed vulture. The species was present in large numbers, in Southern and Southeastern Asia until the 1990s and declined rapidly in numbers since; up to 99.9% between 1992 and 2007. In 1985 the species was described as "possibly the most abundant large bird of prey in the world" and often considered a nuisance but is now rare.
View Wikipedia Record: Gyps bengalensis

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Gyps bengalensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
69
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.43599
EDGE Score: 4.63449

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  9.67 lbs (4.39 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Scavenger [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  1
Wing Span [4]  8.0 feet (2.44 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Chumbi-Surla Wildlife Sanctuary IV 137833 Pakistan  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Desert National Park II 672840 Rajasthan, India  
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gajner Game Reserve   Rajasthan, India  
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Lal Suhanra National Park V 17972 Pakistan  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Tal Chhaper Wildlife Sanctuary IV 20318 Rajasthan, India  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 645271 Laos  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Amarambalam Reserved Forest: Nilambur India A1, A2, A3
Amchang Hills India A1
Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal A1, A2, A3
Asan Barrage India A1, A4i
Attapu Plain Laos A1, A3
Ayeyarwaddy River: Moda Section Myanmar A1, A4i
Bagdarrah Closed Area India A1, A3
Balpakram Complex India A1, A2, A4i
Bandhavgarh National Park India A1, A3
Bandipur National Park India A1, A2, A3
Bannerghataa National Park India A1, A2, A3
Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand India A1, A4i, A4iii
Barandabhar forests and wetlands Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Bardha Dam India A1, A3, A4i
Bardia National Park Nepal A1, A4i
Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Basai wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bauwwa Beel India A1
Bherjan: Borajan: Podumoni Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Bhimgad Forests India A1, A2, A3
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park India A1, A4i
Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary and Hills India A1, A2, A3
Bordoibam: Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary India A1
Bordoloni: Sampora India A1, A2, A4i
Bori Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Bramhagiri Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Buxa Tiger Reserve (National Park) India A1, A2
Bwe Pa Myanmar A1, A2, A3
Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Chail Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Chakrashila Complex India A1, A4i, A4iii
Chandaka: Dampara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i
Charakla Salt Works India A1, A4iii  
Chhep Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Chitwan National Park Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Corbett Tiger Reserve India A1
Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary and Godavari estuary India A1, A4iii
Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Dachigam National Park India A1, A2, A3
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Dang Deukhuri foothill forests and west Rapti wetlands Nepal A1, A3
Desert National Park India A1, A3
Dhansiri Reserve Forest India A1, A4i
Dharan forests Nepal A1, A2, A3, A4i
Dhauludhar Wildlife Sanctuary and McLeod Gunj India A1, A2
Dibang Reserve Forest and adjacent areas India A1, A2
Dibru: Saikhowa Complex India A1, A2
Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Dipor Beel Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Diyatra Closed Area India A1
Dong Khanthung Laos A1, A3, A4i
Dudhwa National Park India A1, A3, A4i
Dum Duma-Dangori: Kumsong Reserve Forests India A1
East and North Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuaries India A1
Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary: Himalayan Zoological Park: Ratey Chu Reserve Forest India A1, A2, A3
Farakka Barrage and adjoining area India A1, A4i, A4iii
Farmlands in Lumbini area Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Gangapur Dam and grasslands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Ghodaghodi Lake Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Gibbon (Hollongapar) Sanctuary India A1
Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Gobind Sagar and Naina Devi Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Gomarda Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Gorumara National Park India A1, A2
Gudavi Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Halali Reservoir India A1, A4iii
Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary and North Karanpur Valley India A1
Horsely Hills India A1, A2
Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary Myanmar A1, A3
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary Thailand A1, A3
Hukaung Valley Wildlife Sanctuary Myanmar A1, A3, A4i
Indawgyi Lake and Indawgyi River Myanmar A1, A4i
Indravati National Park and Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Indus Waterfowl Refuge Pakistan A1, A2
Inle Bird Sanctuary (including Balu Chuang, Sagar and Mobye) Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Inner Line, Kathakal and Barak Reserve Forests India A1
Jagdishpur Reservoir Nepal A1
Jaikwadi Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Jaisamand Lake and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Jamjing and Sengajan India A1
Jamuna-Brahmaputra river Bangladesh A1, A4i
Jhanjimukh: Kokilamukh India A1, A4i
Jogimatti State Forest India A1, A2
Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Kamaing Myanmar A1
Kanha National Park India A1
Kawar or Kabar Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Kaziranga National Park India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Kemmangundi and Bababudan Hills India A1, A2, A3
Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande India A1, A4iii
Khaptad National Park Nepal A1, A2, A3
Khichan India A1, A4i
Kokkare Bellur India A1, A4i
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage Nepal A1, A4i, A4iii
Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Krishnarajasagar Reservoir India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kuarbari_Dalani India A1
Kulik (Raiganj) Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kunthur: Kallur Lakes India A1, A4i, A4iii
Laokhowa and Burhachapori Sanctuaries India A1, A2
Lawachara / West Bhanugach Reserved Forest Bangladesh A1, A3
Lingambudhi Lake and environs India A1, A4i, A4iii
Lomphat Cambodia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Lowland forests of South Sikkim (Melli-Baguwa-Kitam, Jorethang-Namchi, Sombarey) India A1, A2, A3
Lumding: Marat Longri India A1
Madhav National Park India A1
Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Mahul: Sewree Creek India A1, A4i, A4iii
Mai Valley forests Nepal A1, A2, A3
Majathal Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Majuli India A1, A2, A4iii
Manas National Park India A1, A2
Mekong River from Kratie to Laos Cambodia A1, A2
Melghat Tiger Reserve India A1, A2, A3
Melkote Temple Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Mokama Taal (Barah) Wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Mondulkiri / Kratie Lowlands Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Mudumalai National Park India A1, A2, A3
Myitkyina-Nandebad-Talawagyi Myanmar A1, A4i
Nagarhole National Park India A1, A2, A3
Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Rajeev National Park (Tiger Reserve) India A1
Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Nam San Valley Myanmar A1
Nandi Hills India A1, A2, A3
Nandur Madhmeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Narasambudhi Lake India A1, A4i
Narora India A1, A4iii
National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota) India A1, A4iii
Navegaon National Park India A1, A3
Nawalparasi forests Nepal A1
Naya Bandh Wetland Complex India A1
Ninety-Six Inns Myanmar A1, A3
Nokrek National Park India A1, A2, A3
Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Okhla Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Orang National Park India A1, A4ii
Pabho Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4iii
Palamau Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Pani-Dihing Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4iii
Panna National Park India A1
Parsa Wildlife Reserve Nepal A1, A3
Patna Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Pench Tiger Reserve India A1
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Phulwari Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Pong Dam Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Pulicat Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Radhanagari Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Rajaji National Park India A1
Ramanagara Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Ramnagar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Rampur valley Nepal A1
Rampura Grassland India A1
Ramsagar Lake India A1, A4iii
Ranebennur Blackbuck Sanctuary India A1
Rangananthittu Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i
Ranthambore National Park and Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Ripu and Chirang Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Royal Manas National Park Bhutan A1, A2, A3
Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary India A1
Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Sambhar Lake India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sanjay Gandhi National Park India A1, A2, A3
Sarah Valley, Lower Dharamshala India A1, A3
Sareri Bandh India A1, A4iii
Sariska Tiger Reserve India A1
Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Sei Dam reservoir and surrounding environs India A1
Sekong River Cambodia A1, A2, A4i
Sesan River Cambodia A1, A2, A4i
Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Shettihalli Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Sibsagar Tanks India A1, A4i
Simlipal National Park India A1, A3
Siphandon Laos A1, A2, A4i
Sitamata Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Son Beel India A1
Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Sonkhaliya Closed Area India A1
Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park India A1, A2
Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Subansiri India A1, A2, A3
Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve Nepal A1, A4i
Sultanpur National Park India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sunabeda Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Tadoba National Park and Andhari Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Tal Chhapar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Taloda Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Tamaranga: Dalani: Bhairab Complex India A1, A4iii
Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
The Chapories of Lohit Reserve India A1, A2, A4i
Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Tirap: Burhidihing India A1, A3
Toranmal Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Ucchali Wetland Complex Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Udanti and Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuaries India A1, A3
Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary India A1
Upper Dihing (East) Complex India A1, A2
Upper Dihing (West) Complex India A1, A2
Upper Moguang Chaung basin Myanmar A1
Upper Srepok Catchment Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Urpod Beel India A1, A4iii
Uyu River Myanmar A1
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary India A1
Western Siem Pang Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Xe Pian Laos A1, A2, A3, A4i
Xishuangbanna China (mainland) A1, A3
Ya Lop Vietnam A1, A3
Zeihmu Range Myanmar A1, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Porrocaecum inconstantia <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Arignar Anna Zool. Park, Chennai
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
National Trust for Nature Conservation
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadh
Sepahijala Zoological Park
The Hawk Conservancy
Vulture Conservation Breeding Center

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4National Geographic Magazine - January 2016 - Vultures - Elizabeth Royte
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access