Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Gyps > Gyps fulvus
 

Gyps fulvus (Griffon Vulture)

Wikipedia Abstract

The griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus) is a large Old World vulture in the bird of prey family Accipitridae. It is also known as the Eurasian griffon.
View Wikipedia Record: Gyps fulvus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.19878
EDGE Score: 1.64842

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  16.39 lbs (7.44 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  252 grams
Female Maturity [1]  4 years
Male Maturity [1]  4 years
Clutch Size [3]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  41 years
Wing Span [4]  8.5 feet (2.59 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
ARRIBES DEL DUERO 264506 Spain  
Aigüestortes 138461 Spain  
Alania National Park 135725 North Ossetia, Russia
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Bogdhad Mountain Biosphere Reserve 318000 China  
Caldeirão 116847 Portugal  
Camargue 546256 France  
Castro Verde 210891 Portugal  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Costa Sudoeste 183883 Portugal  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Desert National Park II 672840 Rajasthan, India  
Dolomiti del Cadore e del Comelico 173952 Italy  
Douro Internacional e Vale do Águeda 125502 Portugal  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
EVRYTERI PERIOCHI ATHAMANIKON OREON 161203 Greece  
Elbrus National Park 249626 Kabardino-Balkar, Russia    
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
FUENTES CARRIONAS Y FUENTE COBRE-MONTAÑA PALENTINA 193184 Spain  
Fuentes del Narcea y del Ibias 126128 Spain  
Golestan National Park II 216487 Iran  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
HOCES DEL ALTO EBRO Y RUDRÓN 127403 Spain  
Haut Val d'Allier 145560 France  
Hautes vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau 121620 France  
Julijske Alpe 208928 Slovenia  
KARLA - MAVROVOUNI - KEFALOVRYSO VELESTINOU - NEOCHORI 107331 Greece  
KOILADA ACHELOOU KAI ORI VALTOU 115492 Greece  
Kabardino-Balkar State Alpine Forest 204213 Kabardino-Balkar, Russia
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
L'Alt Maestrat, Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana 238416 Spain  
LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE 135750 Spain  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 131864 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LLANOS DE ALCANTARA Y BROZAS 126519 Spain  
LLANOS DE CÁCERES Y SIERRA DE FUENTES 173027 Spain  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura Biosphere Reserve 469500 Spain  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES DE TOLEDO 538722 Spain  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Monchique 187820 Portugal  
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Mourão/Moura/Barrancos 209832 Portugal  
OREINOS EVROS - KOILADA DEREIOU 120853 Greece  
OROS TAYGETOS - LAGKADA TRYPIS 120553 Greece  
OROS VORAS 196334 Greece  
PICOS DE EUROPA EN CASTILLA Y LEÓN 250408 Spain  
PINARES DEL BAJO ALBERCHE 124192 Spain  
Pamir-i-Buzurg Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 199583 Afghanistan  
Pays des Couzes 128132 France  
Penyagolosa 131527 Spain  
Plateau de Valensole 110723 France  
Prepirineu Central català 141034 Spain  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Reserva de Grazalema Nature Park V 126034 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Rios Sabor e Maçãs 125253 Portugal  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA DE AYLLON 225747 Spain  
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA 131980 Spain  
SIERRA DE GREDOS 213494 Spain  
SIERRA DE GUADARRAMA 170724 Spain  
SIERRA DE HORNACHUELOS 148342 Spain  
SIERRA DE LA DEMANDA 125797 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE 188630 Spain  
SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO 284250 Spain  
SIERRA MORENA 331883 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA 201020 Spain  
SIERRAS DE ANDÚJAR 185122 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SIERRAS DE DEMANDA, URBIÓN, CEBOLLERA Y CAMEROS 342683 Spain  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Serrà d'Espadà 161443 Spain  
Sistema Prelitoral meridional 127704 Spain  
Snežnik - Pivka 119901 Slovenia  
Sochi National Park 478735 Krasnodar, Russia
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Tinença de Benifassà, Turmell i Vallivana 122559 Spain  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VALLE DE SAN EMILIANO 137756 Spain  
Vale do Guadiana 189151 Portugal  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Akarnanika mountains Greece A3, B2, B3, C6
Akhmet-Skala ridge Russia (European) A1, B2
Al-Mahwit Yemen A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Aladaglar Turkey B2
Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, B2, B3
Alcarama mountain and Alhama river Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza Spain A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Arasbaran Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Areta, Archuba and Zariquieta mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Arlanza Valley-Peñas de Cervera Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Arnedillo-Isasa crag Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Bajo Alcanadre-Serreta de Tramaced Spain B1iii, B2, C2
Bakhma, Dukan and Darbandikhan dams Iraq A4iii, B2, B3
Bamou National Park Iran, Islamic Republic of B2
Belagua-Ansó-Hecho Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Bolkar mountains Turkey A3, B2
Boumort mountains Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Bujeo, Ojén, del Niño and Blanquilla mountain ranges Spain A4ii, A4iv, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C2, C5, C6
Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range Spain A1, A4iv, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C5, C6
Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Côa valley Portugal B2, C6
Ceuta Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, C1, C2, C3, C5
Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Coast between Bosa and Alghero Italy B2, B3, C6
Coria mountain ranges Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Crimean Nature Reserve Ukraine A1, B2, B3
Cuenca mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Dana: Feinan Jordan A1, A2, A3, B1iv, B2, B3
Demir Kapija Gorge Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1, B2
Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Dsegh Armenia A1, A2, B2
Duratón canyon Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Eastern Caucasus Georgia A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Echauri crags Spain B2, C6
El Escorial-San Martín de Valdeiglesias Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Eth Turoun des Aureys France B2, C6
Filiouri river valley and east Rodopi mountains Greece A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Gekchai Bozdag mountains Azerbaijan A1, B2
Golestan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, B2, B3
Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte France A1, B2, C1, C6
Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Gorramendi mountain and Itxusi crags Spain B2, C6  
Guara mountain range Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles France B2, C6
Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin. France B2, C2, C6
Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau France B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Hima al-Fiqrah Saudi Arabia A1, B2, B3
Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve Lebanon A1, A2, B2
Humada-Peña Amaya Spain B1iii, B2, C2
Iğdir Plain Turkey A1, B2
Ilgaz mountains Turkey B2
Izaga crag Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Jabal Abdul Aziz Syria B2
Jabal Aja and Northern Ha'il Saudi Arabia A1, A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Jabal al-Lawz Saudi Arabia B2, B3
Jabal al-Nabi Shu'ayb Yemen A2, B2, B3
Jabal Shibam Yemen A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Jabal Slenfeh Syria A3, B1iv, B2
Jabal Sumarah: Wadi Rafood: Wadi Bana Yemen A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Jebel Hafit United Arab Emirates B2, B3
Jerusalem wilderness Palestinian Authority Territories A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Judean desert Israel A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Küpeli mountain Turkey A1, B2
Khosrov Reserve Armenia A1, A3, B2
La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range) Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6  
Lake Kinneret and Kinerot Israel A4i, B1i, B2
Las Contiendas mountain range Spain B1i, B1iii, C2
Las Villuercas mountain range Spain A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Líjar mountain range-Zaframagon crag Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Leyre, Illón and San Miguel mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Lower Urushten river Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Madzharovo Bulgaria A3, B2, C6
Mesolongi and Aetoliko lagoons, and Acheloos and Evinos estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Moncayo mountain range Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Monfragüe Spain A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Montejo de la Vega-Riaza canyon Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Morella pass Spain B2, C6
Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) Greece B2, B3, C6
Mount Dikti Greece B2, C6  
Mount Idi Greece B2, B3, C6  
Mount Jouchtas Greece B2, C6  
Mount Paramithias Greece B3, C6
Mounts Kato Olympos and Ossa, and Tembi ravine Greece B2, C6
Mujib Jordan A1, A3, B1iv, B2, B3
Nestos gorge Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
North-east Turkey Turkey A1, A3, A4iv, B1iii, B1iv, B2
Oshtrankuh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A3, B2, B3
Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain Spain B2, C6
Pènes du Moulle de Jaut France B2, C6
Peristeri mountain Greece B2, C6
Petra Jordan A1, A2, B1iv, B2, B3
Pic de l'Estibet et Mondragon France C6
Picos de Europa mountain range Spain A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6  
Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão Portugal B2, C6
Prassiano gorge Greece B2, C6  
Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest Greece A1, A3, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Prvic island Croatia B2
Puerto Peña reservoir-Valdecaballeros Spain A1, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Ravine of Cherek-Balkarski river Russia (European) A1, B2
Ravine of Gundelen-Tyzyl river Russia (European) A1, B2
Río Huebra-Arribes del Duero Spain A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
River Guadalope Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
River Lobos canyon Spain B1iii, B2, C2
River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
River Mesa canyons Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
River Radika catchment Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of B2
San Pedro mountain range Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Sant Gervás mountains Spain B2, C2, C6
Santo Domingo-Riglos-Gratal Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Ser Amadiya Iraq A1, A3, B2, B3
Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
Sierra Morena de Córdoba Spain A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Sierra Pelada mountain range Spain A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Sobrón canyon Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
South-west coast of Portugal Portugal B1iii, C2, C3, C6
Special Ornithological Reserve on Krk island Croatia B2
Special Ornithological Reserves on Cres island Croatia B2
Studen Kladenets Bulgaria A3, B2, C6
Tadmur desert and mountains Syria A1, B2
Taif escarpment Saudi Arabia A1, A2, A3, B1iv, B2, B3
Tarifa Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C4
Tarvisio Forest Italy B2, B3, C6
Thethi Albania B2
Tiermes-Caracena Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Turia canyon and Los Serranos Spain B2, B3, C2, C6
Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys Portugal B2, C2, C6
Upper River Tejo Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C6
Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña Spain A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Uvac-Milesevka Serbia A1, B2
Valdegovía-Arcena mountain range Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Valley of Urup river Russia (European) A1, B2
Valtou mountains Greece B2, B3, C6
Velebit Croatia B2
Wadi al-Birayn Yemen A2, A3, B2, B3
Wadi al-Qarn: Burqush Syria A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Wadi Araba Jordan B2, B3
Wadi Turabah and Jabal Ibrahim Saudi Arabia A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
West Andévalo Spain A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Yarmuk river Jordan B2
Yarmuk valley Syria B2, B3
Zuvand upland Azerbaijan B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Porrocaecum depressum <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Badoca Safari Park
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Gardenfulvus
Burger's Zoo
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Colchester Zoo
Dierenpark Amersfoort
 fulvus
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Dierenrijk Europa
Ellen Trout Zoo
Giza Zoological Garden
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Haifa Zoo & Biological Institute
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
 fulvus
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Maktoum Wildlife Centrefulvus
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
 fulvus
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
National SEA LIFE Centre
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Oakland Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Olmense Zoo
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
 fulvus
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique Fort Mardyck
Parco Natura Viva
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Riga Zoo
 fulvus
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Safari de Peaugres
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Sakkarbaugh Zoo, Junagadh
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangeredfulvus
Sofia Zoological Gardens
Tallinn Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Hawk Conservancy
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardensfulvus
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wilhelma Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de la Bourbansais
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternariofulvus
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
 fulvus
Zoobotanico de Jerezfulvus
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
 fulvus
Zoologicka zahrada Ostravafulvus
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
 fulvus
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
 fulvus
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4National Geographic Magazine - January 2016 - Vultures - Elizabeth Royte 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access