Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Gyps > Gyps himalayensis
 

Gyps himalayensis (Himalayan Vulture; Himalayan Griffon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Himalayan vulture or Himalayan griffon vulture (Gyps himalayensis) is an Old World vulture in the family Accipitridae. Closely related to the European griffon vulture (G. fulvus) and once considered a subspecies of it, this species is found along the Himalayas and the adjoining Tibetan Plateau. It is one of the two largest Old World vultures and true raptors.
View Wikipedia Record: Gyps himalayensis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.95048
EDGE Score: 1.78347

Attributes

Diet [1]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Scavenger [1]  100 %
Forages - Ground [1]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  1
Incubation [2]  50 days
Wing Span [4]  9.5 feet (2.9 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Almaty State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3
Angren Plateau Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4ii
Assy Plateau Kazakhstan A1, A3
Big Almaty Gorge Kazakhstan A1, A3
Big Pamir Afghanistan A1, A3
Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Drumkul Lake Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Dzhavshangoz Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Gissar State Nature Reserve Uzbekistan A1, A3
Karakul lake and mountains Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Kulikalon Lakes Tajikistan A1, A3
Oygaing River Valley Uzbekistan A1, A3
Pulatkhan Gorge Uzbekistan A1, A3
Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes) Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Salang Kotal Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i
Small Pamir Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i
Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria) Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
National Trust for Nature Conservation
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Tallinn Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4National Geographic Magazine - January 2016 - Vultures - Elizabeth Royte
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access