Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Falconiformes > Falconidae > Falco > Falco cherrug
 

Falco cherrug (Saker Falcon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The saker falcon (Falco cherrug) is a large species of falcon. This species breeds from eastern Europe eastwards across Asia to Manchuria. It is mainly migratory except in the southernmost parts of its range, wintering in Ethiopia, the Arabian peninsula, northern Pakistan and western China.
View Wikipedia Record: Falco cherrug

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Falco cherrug

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
51
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.5408
EDGE Score: 3.59255

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.21 lbs (1.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  53 grams
Clutch Size [3]  4
Diet [2]  Carnivore
Maximum Longevity [4]  15 years 10 months
Migration [2]  Intercontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Al Hajar montane woodlands Oman Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests China, India, Bhutan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Red Sea coastal desert Egypt, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Aksu-Dzhabagly Nature Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 183489 Kazakhstan  
Alania National Park 135725 North Ossetia, Russia
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre 98800 Italy    
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Baikal State Nature Reserve 409513 Buryatia, Russia
Baikalo-Lensky Zapovednik Ia 1630896 Irkutsk, Russia
Batova 94228 Bulgaria  
Bihar 180932 Hungary  
Borsodi-sík 91542 Hungary  
Börzsöny és Visegrádi-hegység 122999 Hungary  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve 141740 Uzbekistan  
Chernomorskiy National Biosphere Zapovednik 180999 Ukraine  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
Dagestan State Nature Reserve 47101 Dagestan, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Elbrus National Park 249626 Kabardino-Balkar, Russia    
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Gerecse 75262 Hungary  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Harrat al-Harrah Special Nature Reserve IV 3358899 Saudi Arabia  
Hevesi-sík 191445 Hungary  
Hopersky State Nature Reserve 40031 Voronezh, Russia    
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Jászság 40493 Hungary  
KORYFES OROUS VORA 99917 Greece  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Khvalynsky National Park 63046 Saratov, Russia
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Košická kotlina 46957 Slovakia  
Kresna Gordge 58059 Bulgaria  
Kugitang Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 77308 Turkmenistan  
Kuznetsk Alatau State Nature Reserve 1020298 Kemerovo, Russia
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Malé Karpaty 125118 Slovakia  
Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina 69172 Italy    
Morava 70129 Slovakia  
Mordovsky Zapovednik Ia 79439 Mordovia, Russia
Mosoni-sík 32501 Hungary  
NOTIA MANI 78232 Greece  
Nizhnyaya Kama National Park 65698 Tatarstan, Russia
OROS FALAKRO 62973 Greece  
OROS VORAS 196334 Greece  
Oka Biosphere Reserve 137746 Ryazan, Russia
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Orenburg State Nature Reserve 53506 Orenburg, Russia
Pamir-i-Buzurg Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 199583 Afghanistan  
Pirin 99722 Bulgaria  
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Ponor 77541 Bulgaria  
Pribaikalsky National Park 1031171 Irkutsk, Russia
Pusté Ú¾any - Zeleneè 52397 Slovakia  
Rayanovtsi 32569 Bulgaria  
Repetek Biosphere Reserve 102089 Turkmenistan  
Rila 200269 Bulgaria  
Ruy 42993 Bulgaria  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Samarskaya Luka National Park 314283 Samara, Russia
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Severo-Osetinsky State Nature Reserve 72970 North Ossetia, Russia
Shushensky Bor National Park 96791 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Slovensky Kras Protected Landscape Area National Park 88261 Slovakia  
Slovenský kras 100327 Slovakia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Stolby State Nature Reserve 116525 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Studen Kladenets 39526 Bulgaria  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Tigireksky State Nature Reserve 100555 Altai, Russia
Trans-Baikal National Park 660209 Buryatia, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ugra National Park 243703 Kaluga, Russia
Ustyurtskiy Reserve State Nature Reserve Ia 567745 Kazakhstan  
Valle del Mezzano, Valle Pega 46611 Italy  
Valli di Comacchio 41464 Italy  
Visimsky Biosphere Reserve 82783 Sverdlovsk, Russia
Voronezh Biosphere Reserve 76734 Voronezh, Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Vértes 63192 Hungary  
Východoslovenská rovina 60633 Slovakia  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  
Zhigulevsky State Nature Reserve 57222 Samara, Russia
Északi-Bakony 63761 Hungary  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Akjagaya Turkmenistan A1
Aktash massif Tajikistan A1, A3
Aktau cliff faces Kazakhstan A1, A4ii
Aliman: Adamclisi Romania C1, C6
Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Altyn-Emel National Park Kazakhstan A1, A3
Amankaragay Forest Kazakhstan A1, A3
Amudarya floodlands near Termez Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Arkaly Mountains Kazakhstan A1
Ata-Anay Lake Russia (Central Asian) A1
Ayak-Bestau Hills Kazakhstan A1, A3
Babadag wood Romania C1, C6
Badhyz Turkmenistan A1, A3
Bagerove Ukraine A1, B2  
Bande Amir Afghanistan A1, A2, A3
Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube Russia (European) A1, B2
Basgurly-Zhazgurly Depression Kazakhstan A1
Bashkyzylsay Unit of the Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve Uzbekistan A1, A3
Bükk Hungary A1, B2
Beştepe: Mahmudia Romania C1, C2, C5, C6
Besaparski Hills Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Big Pamir Afghanistan A1, A3
Bilogir'ya Ukraine A1, B2
Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity) Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bobrovsko-Rasskazikhinskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Borsodi-Mezőség Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Buhayrat al-Khatuniyah Syria B2
Buinakskaya depression Russia (European) A1, B2
Bukantau Mountain Range Uzbekistan A1
Bulunkul and Yashilkul lakes and mountains Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Burda Slovakia B2
Burqu' Jordan A3, B2, B3
Buzaubay Uzbekistan A1, A3
Câmpia Nirului: Valea lerului Romania C1, C6
Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Central Balkan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Central section of the Kurama Mountain Range Uzbekistan A1, A3
Cherdoyak Kazakhstan A1
Chingiztau Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4ii
Chokrak-Tutly Turkmenistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers: Tvrdonicko Czech Republic B2, B3, C6
Dangara massif Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Darasay Gorge Uzbekistan A1, A3
Dashte Nawar Afghanistan A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Dashtidjum Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Dealurile Dorobanţu Romania C1, C6
Delili: Garajabatyr Turkmenistan A1, A3
Denis Tepe Romania C1, C6
Depmechay Turkmenistan A1
Dobrogei gorge Romania C1, C2, C6
Donyz-Tau cliff faces Kazakhstan A1, A3
Drumkul Lake Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Dushakerekdag Turkmenistan A1, A3
Dzhavshangoz Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Dzheiran Ecocentre Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i
Dzhulukul' depression Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Eastern Kazakhstan uplands Kazakhstan A1, A3
Ereymentau Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3
Ersarybaba: Akkyr Turkmenistan A1
Ertis Ormany (Shaldai Forest) Kazakhstan A1, A3
Fizes valley Romania C1, C6
Fruska Gora Serbia A1, B2
Garabil Turkmenistan A1, A3
Garabogaz: Garshy Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Garachop Turkmenistan A1, A3
Garashor Turkmenistan A1, A3
Gemenc Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Gerecse Hungary A1, B2
Gissar State Nature Reserve Uzbekistan A1, A3
Goyungyrlan Turkmenistan A1, A4i
Gruia: Gârla Mare Romania C1, C2, C3, C6
Gurykhovudan Turkmenistan A1, A3
Hagieni forest Romania C1, C6
Hari Rud valley Afghanistan A1
Harrat al-Harrah Saudi Arabia A1, A3, B2, B3
Heves Plain Hungary A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2
Horga: Zorleni Romania C1
Hortobágy and Tisza-to Hungary A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2
Iori Region Georgia A1, B2, B3
Ishkashim Tajikistan A1, A3
Iskanderkul lake and mountains Tajikistan A1, A3
Iskrinskie Pine Forests Kazakhstan A1, A3
Izyums'ka Luka forest Ukraine A1, B2
Kalachskaya Loop of Don River Russia (European) B2
Kamchiyska Mountain Bulgaria A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C5, C6
Kanskaya Steppe Russia (Central Asian) A1
Kapchagay Canyon Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i
Karabas Mountains Kazakhstan A1
Karabogaz Turkmenistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Karagie Depression Kazakhstan A1
Karakul lake and mountains Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Karnabchul Steppe Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kattasay and Daganasay Reservoirs Tajikistan A1, A3
Kaundy Depression Kazakhstan A1
Kayrakkum Reservoir Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kenshektau Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3
Kogălniceanu: Gura Ialomiţei Romania C1, C6
Kondara Gorge Tajikistan A1, A3
Korgonskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Koymat: Begarslan Turkmenistan A1, A3
Koytendag Turkmenistan A1, A3
Kulikalon Lakes Tajikistan A1, A3
Kurendag: Garagoz Turkmenistan A1, A3
Kurtusuv: Khovudan Turkmenistan A1, A3
Kuznetski Alatau Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Lake Taşaul Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Malé Karpaty Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Malka river ravine Russia (European) A1, A2, A3, B2
Manyrak Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3
March/Thaya riverine forest Austria B2, B3, C6
Mátra Hungary A1, B2
Măcin: Niculiţel Romania C1, C2, C5, C6
Medzibodrozie Slovakia A1, B2
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Middle reaches of the Sherabad River Uzbekistan A1, A3
Mogoltau massif Tajikistan A1, A3
Morava Slovakia A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Mount Aktau Uzbekistan A1
Mugodzhary Kazakhstan A1, A3
Muránska plateau and Stolicke hills Slovakia B2
Mures river lower flood-plain Romania C1, C2, C6
Naurzum State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
North-western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau Kazakhstan A1, A4ii
North-western steppe Afghanistan A1, A3
Northern part of the Assake-Audan depression Uzbekistan A1, A3
Nuratau Range Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4ii
Obedska bara Serbia B1i, B2, B3
Ortau upland massif Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4ii
Paradise Valley mountain plateau Kazakhstan A1, A3
Parvar Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A3, B2, B3
Plateau Ukok Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Povazskí½ Inovec Slovakia A1, B2
Pulatkhan Gorge Uzbekistan A1, A3
Rangkul valley (Rangkul & Shorkul Lakes) Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i
Ruy Mountain Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Samars'kyj forest Ukraine A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Sarazm Tajikistan A1, A3
Semey Ormany (Semipalatinsk Forest) Kazakhstan A1
Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Shestakovskiye marshes Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i
Shugurovskoye plateau Russia (European) A1
Shur-Dere and Rubas foothills Russia (European) A1, B2
Sinite Kamani-Grebenets Bulgaria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Slovenský karst Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Small Pamir Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i
Stepa Casimcea Romania C1, C6
Stepa Saraiu: Horea Romania C1, C6
Sudochye Lake Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sumbar Turkmenistan A1, A3
Syslovské fields Slovakia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Ta'izz wadis Yemen A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula Ukraine B1i, B2
Tejen Turkmenistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iv
Tekejik: Biynekyr Turkmenistan A1, A3
Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Toraygyr Ridge Kazakhstan A1
Trigrad-Mursalitsa Bulgaria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Ulytau Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3
Uzunlars'ke lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Vértes Hungary A1, B2
Velykomykhailivskyj forest Ukraine B2
Vrachanski Balkan Bulgaria A1, B2, C1, C6
Watershed between Sura and Barysh rivers Russia (European) A1, B1i, B2
Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range Kazakhstan A1, A3
Western Balkan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau Kazakhstan A1
Western Strandzha Bulgaria A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Yel'tsovskaya Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills Kazakhstan A1, A3
Zorkul Nature Reserve (Lake Victoria) Tajikistan A1, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Ochotona curzoniae (Plateau Pika)[5]
Ochotona dauurica (Daurian Pika)[5]
Phodopus campbelli (Campbell's hamster)[6]
Spermophilus citellus (European ground squirrel)[7]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)1
Accipiter nisus (Eurasian Sparrowhawk)1
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)1
Aquila nipalensis (Steppe Eagle)2
Asio otus (Long-eared Owl)1
Athene noctua (Little Owl)1
Bubo bubo (Eurasian Eagle-Owl)2
Buteo hemilasius (Upland Buzzard)2
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)1
Falco columbarius (Merlin)1
Falco longipennis (Australian Hobby)1
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)1
Felis manul (Pallas's Cat)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)2
Mustela altaica (Mountain Weasel)1
Mustela eversmanii (Steppe Polecat)1
Strix aluco (Tawny Owl)1
Vulpes corsac (Corsac Fox)1
Vulpes ferrilata (Tibetan Sand Fox)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Centrorhynchus globocaudatus[8]
Eucoleus dispar <Unverified Name>[8]
Microtetrameres creplini <Unverified Name>[8]
Neodiplostomum perlatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Physaloptera alata <Unverified Name>[8]
Procyrnea spinosa <Unverified Name>[8]
Serratospiculum chungi <Unverified Name>[8]
Strigea falconis[8]
Synhimantus laticeps <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Bird Park Marlow
Blair Drummond Safari Park
Cologne Zoo
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Park
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Domaine Zoologique de Pescheray
Giza Zoological Garden
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
International Centre for Birds of Prey
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburgaltaicus
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Moscow Zoological Park
National SEA LIFE Centre
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Olmense Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
 altaicus
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Tbilisi Zoo
The Hawk Conservancy
The Raptor Foundation
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.

Range Map

Africa; Azas Zapovednik; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5The plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) is a keystone species for biodiversity on the Tibetan plateau, Andrew T. Smith and J. Marc Foggin, Animal Conservation (1999) 2, 235–240 6Phodopus campbelli, Patricia D. Ross, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 503, pp. 1-7 (1995) 7Comparison of Saker Falcon Falco cherrug Prédation during and after the Breeding Period, János Bagyura, László Haraszthy, Sándor Gróf and Iván Demeter, Chancellor, R. D. & B.-U. Meyburg eds. 2004 Raptors Worldwide, p. 673-677 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access