Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Falconiformes > Falconidae > Falco > Falco naumanni
 

Falco naumanni (Lesser Kestrel)

Wikipedia Abstract

The lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) is a small falcon. This species breeds from the Mediterranean across southern central Asia to China and Mongolia. It is a summer migrant, wintering in Africa and Pakistan and sometimes even to India and Iraq. It is rare north of its breeding range, and declining in its European range. The scientific name of this bird commemorates the German naturalist Johann Andreas Naumann.
View Wikipedia Record: Falco naumanni

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
29
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.53921
EDGE Score: 2.25541

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  153 grams
Birth Weight [2]  16 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years
Migration [4]  Intercontinental
Speed [5]  25.28 MPH (11.3 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  26 inches (.65 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Maldives Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
ARRIBES DEL DUERO 264506 Spain  
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre 98800 Italy    
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Camargue 546256 France  
Castro Verde 210891 Portugal  
Comprensorio Tolfetano-Cerite-Manziate 166977 Italy  
Crau 97194 France  
DEHESAS DE JEREZ 118651 Spain  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Delta de l'Ebre 119562 Spain  
Douro Internacional e Vale do Águeda 125502 Portugal  
EMBALSE DE ORELLANA Y SIERRA DE PELA 105291 Spain  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
EVRYTERI PERIOCHI ATHAMANIKON OREON 161203 Greece  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Harrat al-Harrah Special Nature Reserve IV 3358899 Saudi Arabia  
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
KARLA - MAVROVOUNI - KEFALOVRYSO VELESTINOU - NEOCHORI 107331 Greece  
KOILADA ACHELOOU KAI ORI VALTOU 115492 Greece  
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
KORYFES OROUS VORA 99917 Greece  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Kamchiyska Mountain 219637 Bulgaria  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kuznetsk Alatau State Nature Reserve 1020298 Kemerovo, Russia
LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE 135750 Spain  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LLANOS DE ALCANTARA Y BROZAS 126519 Spain  
LLANOS DE CÁCERES Y SIERRA DE FUENTES 173027 Spain  
LLANURAS DEL GUAREÑA 103208 Spain  
LOS ALCORNOCALES 414561 Spain  
Liwonde National Park II 116740 Malawi  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Monti Ausoni e Aurunci 154013 Italy  
Monti Lepini 115954 Italy  
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Monti Sicani, Rocca Busambra e Bosco della Ficuzza 144567 Italy  
Mount Kenya Biosphere Reserve II 146694 Kenya
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Mourão/Moura/Barrancos 209832 Portugal  
Murgia Alta 311059 Italy  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
OROS PAIKO, STENA APSALOU KAI MOGLENITSAS 227258 Greece  
OROS TAYGETOS - LAGKADA TRYPIS 120553 Greece  
OROS VORAS 196334 Greece  
Pamir-i-Buzurg Wildlife Sanctuary Wildlife Reserve IV 199583 Afghanistan  
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco delle Madonie 100967 Italy  
Picentini 157557 Italy  
Promontorio del Gargano 173003 Italy    
Repetek Biosphere Reserve 102089 Turkmenistan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
SIERRA DE ARACENA Y PICOS DE AROCHE 461592 Spain  
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA 131980 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE 188630 Spain  
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Sakar 310629 Bulgaria  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Sredna Gora 244788 Bulgaria  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS 344575 Spain  
Tassili N'Ajjer National Park II 24545308 Algeria  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Trigrad-Mursalitsa 136717 Bulgaria  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VALLES DEL VOLTOYA Y EL ZORITA 122007 Spain  
VOUNA EVROU 104705 Greece  
Vale do Guadiana 189151 Portugal  
West Caprivi Game Reserve Game Park VI 1448182 Namibia  
Western Balkan 362801 Bulgaria  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Achit Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Ain Sukhna Egypt A1, A3, A4iv
Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3
Aktau cliff faces Kazakhstan A1, A4ii
Al-Jahra Pool Nature Reserve Kuwait A1, B1iv, B2
Al-Kadan area Yemen A1, A3, A4i
Alacati Turkey A1, B1i, B2
Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, B2, B3
Alcántara reservoir-Cuatro Lugares Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Alcudia valley and mountain range Spain A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Altay forest and steppe China (mainland) A1, A3
Altyn-Emel National Park Kazakhstan A1, A3
Amersfoort: Bethal: Carolina District South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Angren Plateau Uzbekistan A1, A3, A4ii
Annapurna Conservation Area Nepal A1, A2, A3
Area of Anthofito Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Arkaly Mountains Kazakhstan A1
Arys-Karaktau State Reserved Zone Kazakhstan A1, A3
Asmara escarpment Eritrea A1, A2, A3
Awash National Park Ethiopia A1, A2, A3
Ayak-Bestau Hills Kazakhstan A1, A3
Azuaga-Llerena-Peraleda de Zaucejo Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Évora plains Portugal A1, B1i, B2, C1, C6
Balikdami Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Ballobar-Candasnos Spain A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Bangweulu swamps Zambia A1, A3, A4i
Barberspan and Leeupan South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube Russia (European) A1, B2
Barda tugai forest Azerbaijan A1, B2
Barkol Lake and grassland China (mainland) A1, A3
Barnawapara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Barotse flood-plain Zambia A1, A4i
Basai wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Basgurly-Zhazgurly Depression Kazakhstan A1
Baytik Shan China (mainland) A1, A3
Beglitskaya sand-spit Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Belozersk lakes Russia (Asian) A1, A4iii
Belver de los Montes-Gallegos del Pan Spain A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Bhal area India A1
Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park India A1, A4i
Bistrentsi fishponds Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1, A4i, B1i
Blagoveschenskaya (Kulunda lake and vicinity) Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Bordoibam: Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary India A1
Brozas-Membrío Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Buhayrat al-Assad Syria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Buinakskaya depression Russia (European) A1, B2
Buir Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Bukantau Mountain Range Uzbekistan A1
Bulgan River Mongolia A1
Burgen River Valley China (mainland) A1, A3
Burqin River and Kanas Lake China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range Spain A1, A4iv, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C5, C6
Campo de Calatrava Spain A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast Italy B1iv, C1, C5  
Carmona countryside Spain A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Castelluzzo Italy A1, B2, C1, C2
Castro Verde plains Portugal A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Córdoba countryside Spain A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Ceuta Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, C1, C2, C3, C5
Changbai Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Chingiztau Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4ii
Chitwan National Park Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Chrissie Pans South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Cinca river rice fields and steppe area Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Coast between Bosa and Alghero Italy B2, B3, C6
Condado-Campiña Spain A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Confidential Spain C6    
Cortados del Jarama Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Costa Viola Italy A1, B1iii, B1iv, C1, C3, C5
Crau France A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Cuba Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Dadynskiye lakes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Dalai Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Dali Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Damaoqi China (mainland) A1
Dana: Feinan Jordan A1, A2, A3, B1iv, B2, B3
Danapur cantonment area India A1, A4i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Darasay Gorge Uzbekistan A1, A3
Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, B2  
Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands Eritrea A1, A3, A4i
Delta of Orkhon and Selenge Rivers Mongolia A1, A4i
Delta of the River Don Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Demir Kapija Gorge Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1, B2
Dicle Valley Turkey A1, B2
Digdaga: Hamraniyah United Arab Emirates A1, B2, B3  
Dionisiades islands Greece A1, A4ii, B1ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  
Djoudj wetlands Senegal A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Dobrostan Bulgaria A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C6
Eastern Kazakhstan uplands Kazakhstan A1, A3
Ecija-Osuna plain Spain A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
El Qa plain Egypt A1, A4iv
El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains Spain B1iii, C2, C6
Elassona area Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
En Nahud Sudan A1, A3
Eregli plain Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Ereymentau Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3
Erkhel Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Esmekaya marshes Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Farsala area Greece A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Flood-plain of Alatyr' river in vicinity of Ardatov Russia (European) A1, B2
Fogera plains Ethiopia A1
Fouriesburg: Bethlehem: Clarens South Africa A1, A4i
Fourni islands Greece A1, A4ii, B1ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Fuente de Cantos-Montemolín Spain A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Galaxidi Greece A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Gangapur Dam and grasslands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Gebel El Zeit Egypt A1, A4iv
Golden Gate Highlands and Qwaqwa National Parks South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Gorayk Armenia A1, B2
Grass Hills India A1, A2
Grassland Biosphere Reserve (proposed) South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Gravine Italy A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Hari Rud valley Afghanistan A1
Hari Rud valley near Sarrakhs Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, B2
Haur Al Habbaniya and Ramadi marshes Iraq A1, A4iii, B2, B3
Hinojosa del Duque-El Viso Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2
Hula valley Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Ikh Nartiin Chuluu Nature Reserve Mongolia A1, A3
Ili River basin China (mainland) A1, A3
Insaro-Kovylkinski Russia (European) B2, B3
Ioannina city and neighbouring area Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Irgiz-Turgay Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Itanagar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Jaén countryside Spain A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Jabal al Akhdar Libya A1, A3  
Jabal Sumarah: Wadi Rafood: Wadi Bana Yemen A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Jaikwadi Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Jal Az-Zor Kuwait A1, B2
Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Jbel Zerhoun Morocco A1
Jebel Marra Sudan A1, A3
Jerez de los Caballeros dehesas Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Jericho Palestinian Authority Territories A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3
Jerusalem (east) Palestinian Authority Territories A1, B2
Jerusalem (west) Israel A1, B2
Jerusalem wilderness Palestinian Authority Territories A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Judean desert Israel A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Judean foothills Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Kafue flats Zambia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Kafue National Park Zambia A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Kalamas gorge Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Kalesar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Kapchagay Canyon Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i
Karabas Mountains Kazakhstan A1
Karaburun and Ildir Strait islands Turkey A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2
Karanogaiskiye steppes Russia (European) A1, A3
Karoo National Park South Africa A1, A3, A4ii
Karoo Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A3, A4ii
Kaundy Depression Kazakhstan A1
Kayakentski reserve Russia (European) A1
Kaziranga National Park India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Kenshektau Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3
Khangchendzonga National Park and Biosphere Reserve India A1, A2, A3
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Khomiin Tal Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Khovsgol Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Kidepo Valley National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage Nepal A1, A4i, A4iii
Kotychi lagoon Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Kozanli Gökgöl Turkey A1, B2
Krasnoarmeiskiye waste lands Russia (European) A1, B1iv
Kruger National Park and adjacent areas South Africa A1, A3, A4i
Kulaksay lowland Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2
Kunes forest China (mainland) A1, A3
Lake Chilwa and flood-plain Malawi A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Chimaditis and Lake Zazaris Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Lake Dojran Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1
Lake Langano Ethiopia A1
Lake Maharlu Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Nakuru National Park Kenya A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Lake Ngami Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Lake Pamvotida (Ioanninon) Greece A1, B1i, C1, C3
Lake Pikrolimni Greece A1, C1
Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula Greece A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Lashgarak and Latian dam Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, B2
Lava: Neora Valley National Park India A1, A2, A3
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lhonak Valley India A1, A2, A3
Liuwa Plain National Park Zambia A1, A3, A4i
Los Monegros (South) Spain A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Lower reaches of the Sarysu River Kazakhstan A1, A3
Machile Zambia A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Madonie Italy A1, C1, C6
Mafraq al-Mukha Yemen A1, B1iv, B2, B3
Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Mai Valley forests Nepal A1, A2, A3
Manas National Park India A1, A2
Manyrak Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3
Masai Mara Kenya A1, A2
Mati of Tirnavos Greece A1, C1
Mau Narok: Molo grasslands Kenya A1, A2
Mavrovouni mountain, Larissa Greece A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Mérida-Montijo reservoir Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C3, C6
Melghat Tiger Reserve India A1, A2, A3
Mesolongi and Aetoliko lagoons, and Acheloos and Evinos estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Middle reaches of the Sarysu River Kazakhstan A1, A3
Mkomazi Game Reserve Tanzania A1, A3
Mokama Taal (Barah) Wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Monegrillo-Pina steppe area-Pina Spain A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Mori Grassland China (mainland) A1, A3
Mount Aktau Uzbekistan A1
Mount Dikios, Cape Louros, Lake Psalidi, and Alyki Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Mount Kargabazar and Mount Gush-gaya Azerbaijan A1
Mount Kenya Kenya A1, A2, A3
Mount Kilimanjaro Tanzania A1, A2, A3
Mount Taigetos Greece A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Mounts Tsamanta, Filiaton, Pharmakovouni, and Megali Rahi Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Mugodzhary Kazakhstan A1, A3
Mujib Jordan A1, A3, B1iv, B2, B3
Murchison Falls National Park Uganda A1, A3, A4i
Murge Italy A1, A3, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Mutinondo Wilderness Zambia  
Nairobi National Park Kenya A1, A2, A4ii
Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Nameri National Park India A1, A2
Navegaon National Park India A1, A3
Nei Mongol Helan Shan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A2, A3
Nestou delta and coastal lagoons Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Ngorongoro Conservation Area Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
North and east Kalimnos, Telendos, and Kalolimnos islands and islets Greece A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
North-eastern edge of Crete Greece A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2  
North-western steppe Afghanistan A1, A3
Nudeng China (mainland) A1
Nyika National Park Zambia A1, A2, A3
Oasis, Desert and Wetland at Mosuowan China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Ogii Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Okavango Delta Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Onon-Balj Mongolia A1, A4i
Orog Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Oropesa plains Spain A1, B2, C1, C6
Ortau upland massif Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4ii
Oruku-Shina Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Oygaing River Valley Uzbekistan A1, A3
Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4iii
Palamau Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Parc National du Belezma Algeria A1, A3
Parc National du Djurdjura Algeria A1
Pela mountain range-Orellana reservoir-Zorita Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pench Tiger Reserve India A1
Pingliang China (mainland) A1, A3
Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Plasencia and San Bernabé mountain range Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2
Platberg-Karoo Conservancy South Africa A1, A3, A4i, A4ii
Plateau Ukok Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3
Puebla de Don Fadrique-Las Cañadas Spain A1, B2, C1, C6
Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George Uganda A1, A3, A4i
Qurm Nature Reserve Oman A1, B2  
Ramot Menashe Israel A1, B2
Ras Mohammed National Park Egypt A1, A4iv
Reservoirs of former Lake Karla Greece A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3
River Crna gorge Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1, B2
River Guadiana Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
Rocca Busambra Italy A1, B2, C1, C6
Rock of Gibraltar Gibraltar (to UK) A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, C1, C5
Sagyz Kazakhstan A1, A3
Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary India A1
Salang Kotal Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i
San Clemente-Villarrobledo Spain A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
San Pedro mountain range Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Sayram Nur China (mainland) A1, A3
Semenawi Bahri Eritrea A1, A3
Serengeti National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Seyfe lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Shur-Dere and Rubas foothills Russia (European) A1, B2
Sicani mountains Italy A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Simungoma Zambia  
Sinis and Oristano wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains Italy A1, B2, C1, C6
Songhua Hu, Baishan Hu and Hongshi Hu China (mainland) A1, A4iii
South-west Gizzar Foothills Uzbekistan A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv
South-west peninsula-petrified forest, Lesvos Greece A1, A3, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6  
Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains Israel A1, A3, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Steenkampsberg South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Stepnovski saltmarshes Russia (European) A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2
Studen Kladenets Bulgaria A3, B2, C6
Suez Egypt A1, A4iv
Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve Nepal A1, A4i
Sultanpur National Park India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sumbar Turkmenistan A1, A3
Sun Farms, Sohar Oman A1, B2
Tacheng (Qoqek) area China (mainland) A1, A3
Tadmur desert and mountains Syria A1, B2
Taihang Shan Macaque Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3
Talamanca-Camarma Spain A1, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Tarangire National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i
Tarifa Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C4
Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula Ukraine B1i, B2
Tere-Khol' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Thessaly plain Greece A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Tierra de Campiñas steppes Spain A1, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Tierra de Campos steppes Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Tikveš Region Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of A1
Toranmal Reserve Forest India A1, A2
Toraygyr Ridge Kazakhstan A1
Trujillo-Torrecillas de la Tiesa Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Tsavo East National Park Kenya A1, A3
Tso Lhamo Plateau: Lashar: Sebu La: Yumesamdong Complex India A1, A2, A3
Tuz lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Tyrnavos area Greece A1, B2, C1, C6
Uil River and Taysoygan Sands Kazakhstan A1, A3
Ukrainian Steppe Nature Reserve Ukraine A1, B2
Ulansuhai Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Ulungur Hu and Jili Hu (Fu Hai) China (mainland) A1, A3
Ulytau Mountains Kazakhstan A1, A3
Uningi Pans Zambia  
Uureg Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Uvs Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Uzunlars'ke lake Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Valley of Bashlychai river Russia (European) A1
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary India A1
Vila Fernando Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
Villafáfila Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range Kazakhstan A1, A3
Western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau Kazakhstan A1
Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Xianghai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yangudi-Rassa National Park Ethiopia A1, A3
Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Zaghouan aqueduct Tunisia A1
Zhagabulak Forest Kazakhstan A1, A3
Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills Kazakhstan A1, A3
Zubia: Shatana Jordan A1, B2, B3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No

Prey / Diet

Spermophilus xanthoprymnus (Asia Minor ground squirrel)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Buteo rufinus (Long-legged Buzzard)1
Falco tinnunculus (Eurasian Kestrel)1
Falco vespertinus (Red-footed Falcon)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Centrorhynchus globocaudatus[7]
Ceratophyllus spinosus[8]
Habronema spinosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Mediorhynchus micracanthus[7]
Nosopsyllus consimilis[8]
Stenoponia tripectinata insperata[8]
Synhimantus laticeps <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Parc Paradisio S.A.
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Zoobotanico de Jerez

Range Map

Africa; Azas Zapovednik; Cape Peninsula National Park; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 5Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 6Spermophilus xanthoprymnus (Rodentia: Sciuridae), MUTLU KART Gür AND HAKAN Gür, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 42(864):183–194 (2010) 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access