Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Falconiformes > Falconidae > Phalcoboenus > Phalcoboenus australis

Phalcoboenus australis (Striated Caracara)

Wikipedia Abstract

The striated caracara, (Phalcoboenus australis) is a bird of prey of the family Falconidae. In the Falkland Islands it is known as the Johnny rook.
View Wikipedia Record: Phalcoboenus australis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.73765
EDGE Score: 2.60086


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Diet - Endothermic [1]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  20 %
Diet - Scavenger [1]  60 %
Forages - Ground [1]  100 %
Clutch Size [2]  2
Wing Span [2]  3.9 feet (1.2 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alberto De Agostini National Park II 3607739 Chile      
Cabo de Hornos UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 12092102 Chile      
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Beauchêne Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Bird Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii
Canal Beagle Argentina A1, A2
Elephant Cays Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A4ii, A4iii
Hummock Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A4i
Isla de los Estados, Islas de Año Nuevo e islotes adyacentes Argentina A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Jason Islands Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii    
New Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego y Reserva Provincial Corazón de la Isla Argentina A1, A3
Passage Islands Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2
Pebble Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4iii  
Península Mitre Argentina A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Reserva Costa Atlántica de Tierra del Fuego y zonas adyacentes Argentina A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sea Lion Islands Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2
Speedwell Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
West Point Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  

Prey / Diet

Chloephaga picta (Upland Goose)[3]
Eudyptes chrysocome (Rockhopper Penguin)[3]
Leucocarbo atriceps (imperial shag)[3]
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)[3]
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)[3]
Spheniscus magellanicus (Magellanic Penguin)[3]
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)2
Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara)2
Leptonychotes weddellii (Weddell Seal)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Beale Park
Birdland Park & Gardens
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dudley Zoological Gardens
International Centre for Birds of Prey
Linton Zoological Gardens
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
National SEA LIFE Centre
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc Paradisio S.A.
The Hawk Conservancy
Trotter's World of Animals
Twycross Zoo
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Population growth and density, diet and breeding success of striated caracaras Phalcoboenus australis on New Island, Falkland Islands, Paulo Catry, Miguel Lecoq, Ian J. Strange, Polar Biology Volume 31, Number 10, 1167-1174
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access