Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Megapodiidae > Leipoa > Leipoa ocellata

Leipoa ocellata (Malleefowl)

Wikipedia Abstract

The malleefowl (Leipoa ocellata) is a stocky ground-dwelling Australian bird about the size of a domestic chicken (to which it is distantly related). They are notable for the large nesting mounds constructed by the males and lack of parental care after the chicks hatch. It is the only living representative of the genus Leipoa, though the extinct giant malleefowl was a close relative.
View Wikipedia Record: Leipoa ocellata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 29.4473
EDGE Score: 4.80229


Adult Weight [1]  4.61 lbs (2.09 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  175 grams
Female Weight [4]  3.97 lbs (1.80 kg)
Male Weight [1]  5.29 lbs (2.40 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  34.5 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  70 %
Clutch Size [5]  13
Incubation [1]  63 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Great Victoria desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No

Prey / Diet

Acacia acinacea (gold-dust acacia)[6]
Acacia brachybotrya (gray mulga)[6]
Acacia calamifolia (broom wattle)[6]
Acacia pycnantha (Golden Wattle)[6]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[7]
Astroloma humifusum (Cranberry Heath)[6]
Brassica tournefortii (Asian mustard)[7]
Callitris preissii (Rottnest Island Pine)[6]
Carthamus lanatus (woolly distaff thistle)[7]
Dodonaea bursariifolia[7]
Dodonaea viscosa subsp. cuneata (Wedge-leaf Hop-bush)[6]
Enchylaena tomentosa (Barrier Saltbush)[7]
Eucalyptus dumosa (Water Mallee)[6]
Eucalyptus incrassata (Yellow Mallee)[6]
Hypochaeris radicata (Common Catsear)[7]
Lomandra effusa (Scented Mat-rush)[6]
Pterostylis nana (Dwarf Greenhood)[6]
Thysanotus patersonii (Twining Fringed Lily)[6]
Triticum aestivum (common wheat)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Dromaius novaehollandiae (Emu)1
Polytelis swainsonii (Superb Parrot)1


Parasitized by 
Goniodes australis[8]
Goniodes leipoae[8]
Leipoanema ellisi <Unverified Name>[8]
Lipeurus parkeri[8]
Lipeurus sejugatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Megapodiella parkeri[8]
Raillietina leipoae <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Cleland Wildlife Park
Monarto Zoological Park
Taronga Zoo
Western Plains Zoo




Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Marchant, S.; Higgins, PJ (eds.) 1993. The handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, Vol. 2., raptors to lapwings. Oxford University Press, Melbourne
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Long-term Observations of the Diet of the Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata near the Little Desert, Western Victoria, RAYMOND C. REICHELT and DARRYL N. JONES, AUSTRALIAN FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 2008, 25, 22–30
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access