Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Cracidae > Aburria > Aburria pipile

Aburria pipile (Trinidad piping guan)

Synonyms: Crax pipile; Pipile pipile

Wikipedia Abstract

The Trinidad piping guan (Pipile pipile) locally known as the pawi, is a bird in the chachalaca, guan and curassow family Cracidae, endemic to the island of Trinidad. It is a large bird, somewhat resembling a turkey in appearance, and research has shown that its nearest living relative is the blue-throated piping guan from South America. It is a mainly arboreal species feeding mostly on fruit, but also on flowers and leaves. At one time abundant, it has declined in numbers and been extirpated from much of its natural range and the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated the bird as "critically endangered".
View Wikipedia Record: Aburria pipile

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Aburria pipile

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.46331
EDGE Score: 4.01481


Adult Weight [1]  2.65 lbs (1.20 kg)
Diet [2]  Frugivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  100 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  50 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [3]  2


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Central Range Wildlife Sanctuary Game Sanctuary IV 5320 Trinidad and Tobago  
Eastern Extension Matura Forest Reserve   Trinidad and Tobago    
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Otishi National Park 760925 Peru  
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
St David Forest Reserve   Trinidad and Tobago    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Northern Range Trinidad and Tobago A1, A2, A3  
Victoria-Mayaro Forest Reserve Trinidad and Tobago A1, A2, A3

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Northern Range Trinidad and Tobago  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No

Prey / Diet

Calopogonium caeruleum (jicama)[4]
Ficus pertusa[1]
Ipomoea tiliacea[4]
Ocotea glomerata[4]
Pouteria multiflora (bullytree)[4]
Schefflera morototoni[4]
Virola calophylla (virola)[5]
Virola flexuosa[6]
Virola surinamensis (Baboonwood)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aburria cujubi (Red-throated Piping-guan)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)2
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Ateles belzebuth (white-bellied spider monkey)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)2
Attila spadiceus (Bright-rumped Attila)1
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)1
Baryphthengus martii (Rufous Motmot)2
Brotogeris chiriri (Yellow-chevroned Parakeet)1
Brotogeris chrysoptera (Golden-winged Parakeet)1
Brotogeris cyanoptera (Cobalt-winged Parakeet)1
Catharus aurantiirostris (Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush)1
Cebus albifrons (white-fronted capuchin)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)2
Chlorophonia cyanea (Blue-naped Chlorophonia)1
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)1
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)1
Dacnis lineata (Black-faced Dacnis)1
Dasyprocta punctata (Central American agouti)1
Dryocopus lineatus (Lineated Woodpecker)1
Elaenia flavogaster (Yellow-bellied Elaenia)1
Euphonia chrysopasta (White-lored Euphonia)1
Euphonia laniirostris (Thick-billed Euphonia)1
Euphonia minuta (White-vented Euphonia)1
Euphonia musica (Antillean Euphonia)1
Euphonia rufiventris (Rufous-bellied Euphonia)1
Euphonia xanthogaster (Orange-bellied Euphonia)1
Icterus galbula (Northern Oriole)1
Iodopleura isabellae (White-browed Purpletuft)1
Lagothrix lagothricha (Humboldt's woolly monkey)2
Lanio versicolor (White-winged Shrike-Tanager)1
Lepidothrix coronata (Blue-crowned Manakin)1
Leporinus friderici (Frederici's leporinus)1
Lipaugus vociferans (Screaming Piha)1
Loxigilla portoricensis (Puerto Rican Bullfinch)1
Margarops fuscatus (Pearly-eyed Thrasher)1
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)1
Momotus momota (Blue-crowned Motmot)1
Myiarchus tuberculifer (Dusky-capped Flycatcher)1
Myiodynastes luteiventris (Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher)1
Myiopagis gaimardii (Forest Elaenia)1
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Nesospingus speculiferus (Puerto Rican Tanager)1
Ortalis guttata (Speckled Chachalaca)1
Patagioenas plumbea (Plumbeous Pigeon)1
Penelope jacquacu (Spix's Guan)1
Pheucticus ludovicianus (Rose-breasted Grosbeak)1
Pipra erythrocephala (Golden-headed Manakin)1
Pipra fasciicauda (Band-tailed Manakin)1
Plecturocebus moloch (red-bellied titi monkey)1
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)1
Psarocolius decumanus (Crested Oropendola)1
Psophia leucoptera (Pale-winged Trumpeter)1
Pteroglossus azara (Ivory-billed Aracari)2
Pteroglossus beauharnaesii (Curl-crested Aracari)2
Pteroglossus pluricinctus (Many-banded Aracari)1
Pyrrhura molinae (Green-cheeked Parakeet)1
Pyrrhura picta (Painted Parakeet)1
Pyrrhura rupicola (Black-capped Parakeet)1
Querula purpurata (Purple-throated Fruitcrow)1
Ramphastos tucanus (White-throated Toucan)1
Ramphastos vitellinus (Channel-billed Toucan)2
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)1
Saguinus imperator (emperor tamarin)1
Saimiri sciureus (South American squirrel monkey)1
Saltator maximus (Buff-throated Saltator)1
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)1
Selenidera reinwardtii (Golden-collared Toucanet)2
Spindalis portoricensis (Puerto Rican Spindalis)1
Tachyphonus rufiventer (Yellow-crested Tanager)1
Tangara callophrys (Opal-crowned Tanager)1
Tangara chilensis (Paradise Tanager)1
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)1
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)1
Tangara nigrocincta (Masked Tanager)1
Tangara schrankii (Green-and-gold Tanager)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)2
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Tinamus major (Great Tinamou)1
Tityra semifasciata (Masked Tityra)1
Trogon collaris (Collared Trogon)1
Trogon melanurus (Black-tailed Trogon)2
Trogon violaceus (Violaceous Trogon)1
Turdus albicollis (White-necked Thrush)1
Turdus hauxwelli (Hauxwell's Thrush)1
Turdus ignobilis (Black-billed Thrush)1
Turdus plumbeus (Red-legged Thrush)1
Tyranneutes stolzmanni (Dwarf Tyranneutes)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus savana (Fork-tailed Flycatcher)1
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Apenheul Primate Parkgrayi
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardenscumanensis
Bird Park Marlowcumanensis
Blackpool Zoo
Burger's Zoograyi
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Denver Zoological Gardenscumanensis
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Ellen Trout Zoocumanensis
Fresno Chaffee Zoocumanensis
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoocumanensis
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardenscumanensis
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoocumanensis
Jardin Zoologico Y Botanico De LaPlatacumanensis
Lotherton Bird Garden
Mesker Park Zoocumanensis
Miller Park Zoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmerecumanensis
Parc Merveilleuxcumanensis
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèncumanensis
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosacumanensis
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Santa Fepipile
Saint Louis Zoological Parkcumanensis
Topeka Zoological Park
Toronto Zoocumanensis
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiagrayi
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbHcumanensis
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburgcumanensis





Attributes / relations provided by
1Frugivores at a fruiting Ficus in south-eastern Peru, Jose G. Tello, Journal of Tropical Ecology (2003) 19:717–721.
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Russo, SE 2003. Responses of dispersal agents to tree and fruit traits in Virola calophylla (Myristicaceae): Implications for selection Oecologia 136:80–87
6Holbrook, KM, and BA Loiselle. 2009. Dispersal in a neotropical tree, Virola flexuosa (Myristicaceae): Does hunting of large vertebrates limit seed removal? Ecology 90: 1449–1455
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access