Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Lagopus > Lagopus lagopus
 

Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan; Willow Grouse)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The willow ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus) is a bird in the grouse subfamily Tetraoninae of the pheasant family Phasianidae. It is also known as the willow grouse and in the British Isles, where it was previously believed to be a separate species, as the red grouse. It is a sedentary species, breeding in birch and other forests and moorlands in northern Europe, the tundra of Scandinavia, Siberia, Alaska and northern Canada, in particular in the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador.
View Wikipedia Record: Lagopus lagopus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.42221
EDGE Score: 1.85976

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.31 lbs (596 g)
Birth Weight [1]  15 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [2]  9
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [1]  21 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  9 years
Wing Span [3]  24 inches (.6 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Aleutian Islands tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Newfoundland Highland forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Novosibirsk Islands arctic desert Russia Palearctic Tundra
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal Bald Mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agusalu 29531 Estonia    
Alam-Pedja 85235 Estonia  
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Border Mires, Kielder – Butterburn 29286 England, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Digerbergsområdet 4700 Sweden  
Elimyssalon alue 20492 Finland  
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glenveagh National Park SPA 23704 Ireland  
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Haapakeidas 14280 Finland  
Haapasuo-Syysniemi-Rutajärvi-Kivijärvi 12513 Finland  
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joutsenaapa - Kaita-aapa 31592 Finland  
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kikepera 25585 Estonia  
Killarney National Park II 25482 Ireland
Killarney National Park SPA 25532 Ireland  
Kinloch and Kyleakin Hills 13015 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kolima 11784 Finland  
Kostomukshsky Zapovednik Ia 117269 Karelia, Russia
Kristiinankaupungin saaristo 19914 Finland  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Laidauredeltat 4739 Sweden  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lavassaare 25145 Estonia  
Levaneva 8261 Finland  
Lough Nillan Bog SPA 10326 Ireland  
Luiron suot 31111 Finland  
Luodon saaristo 35731 Finland    
MARTIMOAAPA-LUMIAAPA-PENIKAT 34807 Finland  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Moffat Hills 7146 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moor House-Upper Teesdale Biosphere Reserve 18254 England, United Kingdom
Moorfoot Hills 21001 Scotland, United Kingdom
Muraka 43631 Estonia  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niittysuo-Siiransuo 6141 Finland  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Nätsi-Võlla 40289 Estonia  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Owenduff/Nephin Complex SPA 63516 Ireland    
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Puhatu 31425 Estonia    
Puulavesi 40886 Finland  
Puurijärvi - Isosuo 8478 Finland  
Pyhäjärvi 37800 Finland  
Põhja-Liivimaa 47551 Estonia  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Rahjan saaristo 20710 Finland    
Rödkallen-SörÄspen 17514 Sweden    
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Slieve Aughty Mountains SPA 147142 Ireland  
Slieve Beagh SPA 8568 Ireland  
Slieve Bloom Mountains SPA 53852 Ireland  
Slievefelim to Silvermines Mountains SPA 51727 Ireland  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Soomaa 98925 Estonia  
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Stack's to Mullaghareirk Mountains, West Limerick Hills and Mount Eagle SPA 140310 Ireland  
Suuripään alue 10572 Finland  
Suursoo-Leidissoo 55619 Estonia  
Säippäsuo-Kivisuo 10942 Finland  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Teicu dabas rezervats 48554 Latvia  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Teuravuoma-Kivijärvenvuoma 14302 Finland  
Torronsuo 7643 Finland  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Tuhu-Kesu 47437 Estonia  
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Törmäsenrimpi-Kolkanneva 5253 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VEITTIAAPA 7238 Finland  
Veneneva-Pelso 29749 Finland  
Viiankiaapa 16297 Finland  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wicklow Mountains SPA 37722 Ireland  
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Älänne 7789 Finland  

Ecosystems

Emblem of

Alaska

Prey / Diet

Arctostaphylos alpinus (alpine bearberry)[4]
Betula nana (dwarf birch)[4]
Empetrum nigrum (black crowberry)[4]
Salix alaxensis (feltleaf willow)[4]
Vaccinium uliginosum (bog blueberry)[4]
Vaccinium vitis-idaea (lingonberry)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)2
Acleris caledoniana1
Alces alces (moose)3
Anarta melanopa (broad-bordered white underwing)2
Archiearis parthenias (Orange Underwing)1
Bison bonasus (European bison)2
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)4
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)3
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)2
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)2
Callophrys rubi (Green Hairstreak Butterfly)2
Capra caucasica cylindricornis (East Caucasian tur)1
Carsia sororiata (Manchester Treble-Bar)2
Castor canadensis (american beaver)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Clossiana freija (Freija Fritillary)1
Coleophora vitisella1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)4
Cyclophora albipunctata (Birch Mocha)1
Ectropis crepuscularia (small engrailed)1
Elasmucha ferrugata1
Entephria caesiata (Grey Mountain Carpet)3
Erethizon dorsatus (common porcupine)1
Eulithis populata (Northern Spinach Moth)2
Hydriomena furcata (July Highflyer)1
Hyppa rectilinea (Saxon)1
Itame brunneata1
Lagopus leucura (White-tailed Ptarmigan)1
Lasiocampa quercus (Oak Eggar)1
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)5
Lepus othus (Alaskan Hare)2
Lithomoia solidaginis (goldenrod brindle)1
Macrothylacia rubi (Fox Moth)1
Martes americana (American Marten)4
Martes zibellina (Sable)1
Microtus xanthognathus (taiga vole)1
Myodes rufocanus (gray red-backed vole)3
Myodes rutilus (northern red-backed vole)4
Ochotona collaris (Collared Pika)2
Ovibos moschatus (muskox)3
Ovis dalli (Dall's sheep)1
Phenacomys intermedius (western heather vole)1
Phenacomys ungava (eastern heather vole)2
Phyllonorycter junoniella1
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)3
Poecile hudsonicus (Boreal Chickadee)4
Prolita sexpunctella (Long-horned Flat-back)2
Rangifer tarandus (caribou)2
Rheumaptera hastata (spear-marked black)1
Rhopobota ustomaculana (Loch Rannoch Tortrix)1
Saturnia pavonia (Emperor moth)1
Syngrapha interrogationis (Scarce Silver Y)1
Trichiura crataegi (Pale Eggar)1
Ursus americanus (black bear)4
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)4
Xestia baja (Dotted Clay)1

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[5]
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)[6]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomoides acutum <Unverified Name>[7]
Aonchotheca caudinflata <Unverified Name>[7]
Ascaridia compar <Unverified Name>[7]
Ascaridia galli[7]
Ascaris compar <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria caudinflata <Unverified Name>[7]
Cyrnea apterocerca <Unverified Name>[7]
Dasypsyllus gallinulae gallinulae[8]
Eucoleus annulatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Filaria smithi <Unverified Name>[7]
Heterakis gallinarum[7]
Heterakis papillosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Hymenolepis microps <Unverified Name>[7]
Leucochloridium macrostoma <Unverified Name>[7]
Mediorhynchus micracanthus[7]
Paroniella urogalli <Unverified Name>[7]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[7]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[7]
Schistogonimus rarus <Unverified Name>[7]
Skrjabinia cesticillus <Unverified Name>[7]
Splendidofilaria papillicerca <Unverified Name>[7]
Splendidofilaria papillocerca <Unverified Name>[7]
Splendidofilaria tuvensis <Unverified Name>[7]
Splendidofilaria urogalli <Unverified Name>[7]
Subulura brumpti <Unverified Name>[7]
Syngamus trachea (gapeworm)[7]
Tetrameres fissispina <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichosoma longicolle <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus pergracilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus tenuis[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Ranua Wildlife Park

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Southern Asia;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3British Trust for Ornithology 4Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection 5Golden Eagles on the Swedish mountain tundra – diet and breeding success in relation to prey fluctuations, Jesper Nyström, Johan Ekenstedt, Anders Angerbjörn, Linda Thulin, Peter Hellström & Love Dalén, Ornis Fennica 83:145–152. 2006 6POTAPOV, E. 2011. Gyrfalcon diet: Spatial and temporal variation In R. T. Watson, T. J. Cade, M. Fuller, G. Hunt, and E. Potapov (Eds.). Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World. The Peregrine Fund, Boise, Idaho, USA 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Ramsar Sites Information Service Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2