Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Odontophoridae > Cyrtonyx > Cyrtonyx montezumae

Cyrtonyx montezumae (Montezuma Quail)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) is a stubby, secretive New World quail of Mexico and some nearby parts of the United States. It is also known as Mearns's quail, the harlequin quail (for the male's striking pattern), and the fool quail (for its behavior).
View Wikipedia Record: Cyrtonyx montezumae


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.68733
EDGE Score: 2.16186


Adult Weight [1]  185 grams
Birth Weight [3]  10.1 grams
Female Weight [1]  175 grams
Male Weight [1]  195 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  11.4 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Mexican pine-oak forests, Tropical grasslands
Wintering Geography [2]  Non-migrartory
Wintering Habitat [2]  Mexican pine-oak forests, Tropical grasslands
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [4]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  40 %
Diet - Plants [4]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [4]  10 %
Forages - Ground [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  11
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  1,500,000
Incubation [1]  25 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Fort Bowie National Historic Site III 1004 Arizona, United States
Fort Davis National Historic Site   Texas, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Cyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)[1]
Echeandia reflexa (reflexed craglily)[1]
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)[1]
Oxalis drummondii (Drummond's woodsorrel)[1]
Pinus cembroides (Pinyon pine)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Dendrocygna bicolor (Fulvous Whistling-Duck)1
Euphyes vestris (Dun Skipper)1
Geomys breviceps (Baird's pocket gopher)1
Leptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)1
Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha (Thick-billed Parrot)1
Rhynchopsitta terrisi (Maroon-fronted Parrot)1
Stephanitis rhododendri (rhododendron lace bug)1


Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[6]
Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[6]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[6]
Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Queens Zoo

Range Map

Middle America; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access