Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Alectoris > Alectoris chukar
 

Alectoris chukar (Chukar Partridge; Chukar)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The chukar partridge or chukar (Alectoris chukar) is a Eurasian upland gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae. It has been considered to form a superspecies complex along with the rock partridge, Philby's partridge and Przevalski's partridge and treated in the past as conspecific particularly with the first.
View Wikipedia Record: Alectoris chukar

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Alectoris chukar has a wide distribution, stretching from the Aegean Sea through to Central and Eastern Asia. There does however seem to be two genetic clades within the species, those from the Mediterranean through to Central Asia and those from Eastern Asia. This is important as individuals used in the introduction into North America and Hawaii were from individuals from Eastern Asia; whereas individuals causing hybrization problems in Europe come from the Mediterranean and Central Asian clade. This hybridization is causing major problems to the genetic purity of the native Alectoris rufa in the Iberian Peninsula, and strict measures in regards to potential hybridization, and the importation and introduction of farm-reared individuals needs to be introduced.
View ISSG Record: Alectoris chukar

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.47133
EDGE Score: 1.69952

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.08 lbs (492 g)
Birth Weight [2]  22.5 grams
Clutch Size [4]  9
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Wing Span [1]  20 inches (.51 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Afghan montane conifer forests Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ghorat-Hazarajat alpine meadow Afghanistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hindu Kush alpine meadow Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Kuh Rud and Eastern Iran montane woodlands Iran Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows China, Pakistan, India Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Sulaiman Range alpine meadows Afghanistan, Pakistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary IV 3184 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Big Morongo Canyon Preserve Area of Critical Environmental Concern V 3906 California, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Chail Sanctuary IV 31333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Chatkal Mountains Biosphere Reserve 141740 Uzbekistan  
Chumbi-Surla Wildlife Sanctuary IV 137833 Pakistan  
Colorado National Monument III 20420 Colorado, United States
Curecanti National Recreation Area V 31032 Colorado, United States
Dana Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan  
Daranghati Sanctuary IV 8190 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Darlanghat Sanctuary IV 28567 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Ia   Idaho, United States
Dinosaur National Monument III 203307 Colorado, Utah, United States
Ehden Forest Reserve   Lebanon  
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Gorge of Samaria National Park II 21954 Crete, Greece  
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Haleakala National Park II   Hawaii, United States
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Jabal Slenfeh State Forest Protection Zone 9884 Syria  
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kalatop Khajjiar Sanctuary IV   Himachal Pradesh, India  
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kanawar Sanctuary IV 19991 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Kaplankyr Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 1293994 Turkmenistan  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kern River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 834 California, United States
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kopetdagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 125705 Turkmenistan  
Kugitang Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 77308 Turkmenistan  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Lippa Asrang Sanctuary IV 15665 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Majathal Sanctuary IV 5913 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Mesa Verde National Park II 40098 Colorado, United States
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Mujib Nature Reserve Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan
Naina Devi Sanctuary IV 9627 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Nanda Devi National Park II 161583 Uttaranchal, India  
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
OROS YMITTOS 20558 Greece  
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Rakchham Chitkul Sanctuary IV 7320 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rupi Bhaba Sanctuary IV 211985 Himachal Pradesh, India  
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Sechu Tuan Nala Sanctuary IV 136473 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Shilli Sanctuary IV 498 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Syunt-Khasardagh Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 105306 Turkmenistan  
Talra Sanctuary IV 8910 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Teberdinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 210198 Karachay-Cherkessia, Russia
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Wadi Rum Protected Area National Park V   Jordan  
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Alacati Turkey A1, B1i, B2
Gndasar Armenia B1iv, B2
Jermook Armenia A1, B2, B3
Karaburun and Ildir Strait islands Turkey A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2
Khosrov Reserve Armenia A1, A3, B2
Lefka mountains Greece B2, C6
Mount Asterousia (Kofinas) Greece B2, B3, C6
Mount Dikti Greece B2, C6  
Mount Idi Greece B2, B3, C6  
Nisiros island and nearby islets Greece A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Noravank Armenia A1, B2
Samurski ridge Russia (European) A1, A2, A3, B2
Turianchai Azerbaijan B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Emblem of

Iraq
Pakistan

Prey / Diet

Artemisia herba-alba (white wormwood)[5]
Berberis vulgaris (epine-vinette commune)[5]
Ficus carica (piku)[5]
Gagea chlorantha[5]
Geranium tuberosum[5]
Phaseolus vulgaris (Common Bean)[5]
Poa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)[5]
Ranunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)[5]
Salsola kali (prickly Russian thistle)[5]
Salsola vermiculata (shrubby Russian thistle)[5]
Scapholeberis mucronata[5]
Sorghum halepense (aleppo milletgrass)[5]
Tulipa turkestanica (Turkestan Tulip)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthoscelides obtectus (bean weevil)1
Acherontia atropos (Death's-head hawk moth)1
Acleris variegana (Garden rose tortricid moth)1
Callosobruchus chinensis1
Callosobruchus maculatus (bruchid beetle)1
Carduelis citrinella (Citril Finch)1
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)1
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)1
Coloeus monedula (Western Jackdaw)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)1
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)1
Corvus frugilegus (Rook)1
Delia florilega (bean seed maggot)1
Delia platura (seedcorn maggot)1
Dipodomys elator (Texas kangaroo rat)1
Dipodomys ordii (Ord's kangaroo rat)2
Eupithecia exiguata (Mottled Pug)1
Eupithecia subfuscata (gray pug)1
Euproctis similis1
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)1
Galerida cristata (Crested Lark)1
Gallotia atlantica (Atlantic Lizard)1
Gallotia galloti (Gallot's Lizard)1
Genetta genetta (Common Genet)1
Geomys breviceps (Baird's pocket gopher)1
Geomys bursarius (plains pocket gopher)1
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)1
Lemmiscus curtatus (sagebrush vole)1
Leptodictya tabida (sugarcane lace bug)1
Lepus granatensis (Granada Hare)1
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)1
Martes foina (Beech Marten)1
Melanchra persicariae (Dot Moth)1
Moschus chrysogaster (alpine musk deer)1
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)1
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)1
Onychognathus tristramii (Tristram's Starling)1
Perognathus merriami (Merriam's pocket mouse)1
Peromyscus attwateri (Texas mouse)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)1
Peromyscus maniculatus (deer mouse)1
Pheucticus melanocephalus (Black-headed Grosbeak)1
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)1
Pseudargyrotoza conwagana1
Reithrodontomys fulvescens (fulvous harvest mouse)1
Reithrodontomys megalotis (western harvest mouse)1
Rousettus aegyptiacus (Egyptian rousette)1
Scoliopteryx libatrix (herald moth)1
Spermophilus xanthoprymnus (Asia Minor ground squirrel)1
Struthio camelus (Ostrich)1
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)1
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)1
Urocitellus brunneus (Idaho ground squirrel)1
Zabrotes subfasciatus1

Predators

Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[6]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[6]

Providers

Parasite of 
Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acuaria gruveli <Unverified Name>[7]
Acuaria hamulosa <Unverified Name>[7]
Acuaria tenuis <Unverified Name>[7]
Aonchotheca caudinflata <Unverified Name>[7]
Ascaridia compar <Unverified Name>[7]
Ascaridia dissimilis <Unverified Name>[7]
Ascaridia galli[7]
Capillaria bursata <Unverified Name>[7]
Capillaria caudinflata <Unverified Name>[7]
Choanotaenia infundibulum[7]
Cyrnea eurycerca <Unverified Name>[7]
Cyrnea parroti <Unverified Name>[7]
Dicrocoelium petrowi <Unverified Name>[7]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[7]
Echinolepis carioca[7]
Eucoleus dispar <Unverified Name>[7]
Ganguleterakis macroura <Unverified Name>[7]
Ganguleterakis tenuicauda <Unverified Name>[7]
Hartertia gallinarum <Unverified Name>[7]
Hartertia obesa <Unverified Name>[7]
Heterakis dispar <Unverified Name>[7]
Heterakis gallinarum[7]
Heterakis macroura <Unverified Name>[7]
Heterakis tenuicauda <Unverified Name>[7]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[7]
Oxyspirura petrovi <Unverified Name>[7]
Oxyspirura schulzi <Unverified Name>[7]
Parornithofilaria lienalis <Unverified Name>[7]
Postharmostomum gallinum <Unverified Name>[7]
Rhabdometra nigropunctata <Unverified Name>[7]
Seurocyrnea eurycerca <Unverified Name>[7]
Splendidofilaria gvozdevi <Unverified Name>[7]
Staphylepis cantaniana <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[7]
Subulura brumpti <Unverified Name>[7]
Subulura curvata <Unverified Name>[7]
Subulura differens <Unverified Name>[7]
Subulura skrjabini <Unverified Name>[7]
Subulura suctoria <Unverified Name>[7]
Syngamus trachea (gapeworm)[7]
Tetrameres fissispina <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres lhuillieri <Unverified Name>[7]
Tetrameres timopheevoi <Unverified Name>[7]
Thominx perforans <Unverified Name>[7]
Thominx phasianina <Unverified Name>[7]
Trichostrongylus tenuis[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Ain Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Dakota Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kishinev Zoopark
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
NEW Zoo
Niabi Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Riga Zoo
Riverside Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Taronga Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Willow Park Zoo
Yokohama Zool. Gardens

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Oceania; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1EFFECTS OF BODY SIZE ON TAKE-OFF FLIGHT PERFORMANCE IN THE PHASIANIDAE (AVES), BRET W. TOBALSKE AND KENNETH P. DIAL, The Journal of Experimental Biology 203,3319–3332 (2000) 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access