Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Alectoris > Alectoris rufa
 

Alectoris rufa (Red-legged Partridge)

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. It is sometimes known as French partridge, to distinguish it from the grey or English partridge.It is a rotund bird, with a light brown back, grey breast and buff belly. The face is white with a black gorget. It has rufous-streaked flanks and red legs.
View Wikipedia Record: Alectoris rufa

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.52765
EDGE Score: 1.70976

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.08 lbs (490 g)
Birth Weight [2]  20.1 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.03 lbs (465 g)
Male Weight [1]  1.14 lbs (515 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  10.8 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  60 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  12
Incubation [4]  23 days
Maximum Longevity [6]  6 years
Wing Span [4]  19 inches (.48 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azores temperate mixed forests Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Madeira evergreen forests Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ayagaures y Pilancones 23943 Spain  
Beigua - Turchino 24592 Italy  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
CANIGOU-CONQUES DE LA PRESTE 49975 France  
CHAMPEIGNE 33935 France  
COTIELLA - SIERRA FERRERA 62948 Spain  
CUENCA DE GALLOCANTA 38287 Spain  
Cabo Busto-Luanco 28662 Spain    
Cap Enderrocat-cap Blanc 17495 Spain  
Capanne di Marcarolo 23604 Italy  
Colle du Rouet 28560 France  
Costa Brava de Mallorca 20708 Spain    
Crau 97194 France  
D'Addaia a s'Albufera 6941 Spain  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO JALÓN 41432 Spain  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Dels Alocs a Fornells 6627 Spain    
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
EL TURBÓN Y SIERRA DE SÍS 60101 Spain  
EMBALSE DE VALDECAÑAS 18432 Spain  
ESTEPAS DE BELCHITE-EL PLANERON-LA LOMAZA 58678 Spain  
Elba orientale 11582 Italy  
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fuentes del Narcea y del Ibias 126128 Spain  
GORGES DE RIEUTORD, FAGE ET CAGNASSE 30414 France  
HOCES DEL RIO MESA 13186 Spain  
HURDES 66675 Spain  
Illots de Ponent 6269 Spain  
LA SOTONERA 21696 Spain  
LAGUNA DE FUENTE DE PIEDRA 21406 Spain  
LLANOS DE ALCANTARA Y BROZAS 126519 Spain  
LLANOS DE TRUJILLO 19167 Spain  
LLANOS DE ZORITA Y EMBALSE DE SIERRA BRAVA 46422 Spain  
LOMA LA NEGRA - BARDENAS 15857 Spain  
LOS VALLES 79029 Spain  
La Vall 13054 Spain    
Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura Biosphere Reserve 469500 Spain  
Les Alpilles 66733 France  
Les Cévennes 227446 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX 90747 Spain  
MONFRAGÜE Y LAS DEHESAS DEL ENTORNO 287016 Spain  
MONTES DE ZUERA, CASTEJÓN DE VALDEJASA Y EL CASTELLAR 63037 Spain  
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL 79316 Spain  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Montagne Sainte Victoire 38284 France  
Monte Capanne e promontorio dell'Enfola 16694 Italy  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
PARAMERAS DE ALFAMBRA 8066 Spain  
PARAMERAS DE BLANCAS 9956 Spain  
PARAMERAS DE CAMPO VISIEDO 43866 Spain  
PLAINE DE NERE A BRESDON 22884 France  
PLATEAU DE CHABRIS / LA CHAPELLE - MONTMARTIN 41190 France  
PUERTOS DE BECEITE 36423 Spain  
Picos de Europa (Asturias) 61989 Spain    
Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée 16559 France  
Plateau de Valensole 110723 France  
Ponga- Amieva 69442 Spain  
Ponga-Amieva 69437 Spain  
Préalpes de Grasse 57237 France  
RIBEROS DEL ALMONTE 20665 Spain  
RIO TAJO INTERNACIONAL Y RIBEROS 50091 Spain  
Redes 93413 Spain  
Reserva de Grazalema Nature Park V 126034 Spain  
Reserva de Ordesa-Vinamala Biosphere Reserve 127002 Spain  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Nevada Biosphere Reserve 424147 Spain  
Reserve Nationale de Camargue Biosphere Reserve 32232 France  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS 74804 Spain  
Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor 14302 Spain    
S'Albufera des Grau 6293 Spain  
SALVATIERRA - FOZES DE FAGO Y BINIÉS 6360 Spain  
SERRETA DE TRAMACED 8436 Spain  
SIERRA ALHAMILLA 20716 Spain  
SIERRA DE ALCUBIERRE 103846 Spain  
SIERRA DE CANCIÁS - SILVES 19573 Spain  
SIERRA DE GATA Y VALLE DE LAS PILAS 45770 Spain  
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA 131980 Spain  
SIERRA DE HORNACHUELOS 148342 Spain  
SIERRA DE LAS NIEVES 49794 Spain  
SIERRA DE MONCAYO - LOS FAYOS - SIERRA DE ARMAS 44956 Spain  
SIERRA MARIA - LOS VELEZ 55819 Spain  
SIERRA NEVADA 424554 Spain  
SIERRA PELADA Y RIVERA DEL ASERRADOR 30407 Spain  
SIERRA SUBBETICA 79212 Spain  
SIERRAS CENTRALES Y EMBALSE DE ALANGE 40949 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
SIERRAS DE LEYRE Y ORBA 14337 Spain  
SIERRAS DE PEÑALSORDO Y CAPILLA 11231 Spain  
SIERRAS DE SANTO DOMINGO Y CABALLERA Y RÍO ONSELLA 88167 Spain  
SIERRAS DE TEJEDA, ALMIJARA Y ALHAMA 100440 Spain  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera 40611 Spain  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Somiedo Nature Park 71999 Spain  
VIÑAMALA 62053 Spain  
Verdon 39705 France  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Lerida steppes Spain A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
West Andévalo Spain A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[7]
Aquila fasciata (Bonelli's Eagle)[8]
Lynx pardinus (Iberian Lynx)[9]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acuaria gruveli <Unverified Name>[10]
Aonchotheca caudinflata <Unverified Name>[10]
Ascaridia galli[10]
Baruscapillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[10]
Brachylaima fuscatus[10]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria caudinflata <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria contorta <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[10]
Cheilospirura gruveli <Unverified Name>[10]
Choanotaenia infundibulum[10]
Conspicuum alectoris <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyrnea eurycerca <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyrnea parroti <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyrnea seurati <Unverified Name>[10]
Heterakis dispar <Unverified Name>[10]
Heterakis gallinarum[10]
Heterakis tenuicauda <Unverified Name>[10]
Paradicranotaenia anormalis <Unverified Name>[10]
Raillietina bolivari <Unverified Name>[10]
Raillietina tetragona <Unverified Name>[10]
Rhabdometra nigropunctata <Unverified Name>[10]
Splendidofilaria urogalli <Unverified Name>[10]
Subulura brumpti <Unverified Name>[10]
Subulura suctoria <Unverified Name>[10]
Syngamus trachea (gapeworm)[10]
Trichostrongylus tenuis[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alpenzoo Innsbruck - Tirol
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Parque De La Naturaleza Selwo (GRPR)
Rotterdam Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Welsh Mountain Zoo
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH

Distribution

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China);

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4British Trust for Ornithology
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Moleon, Marcos, et al. "Predator-prey relationships in a Mediterranean vertebrate system: Bonelli's eagles, rabbits and partridges." Oecologia 168.3 (2012): 679+. Academic OneFile. Web. 15 July 2014.
9Feeding Ecology of the Spanish Lynx in the Coto Doñana, Miguel Delibes, ACTA THERIOLOGICA Vol. 25, 24: 309-324, 1980
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access