Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Perdix > Perdix perdix
 

Perdix perdix (Grey Partridge; Gray Partridge)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The grey partridge (Perdix perdix), also known as the English partridge, Hungarian partridge, or hun, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. The species has been successfully introduced to many parts of the world for shooting, including vast areas of North America, where it is most commonly known as Hungarian partridge, or just "hun".
View Wikipedia Record: Perdix perdix

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.42296
EDGE Score: 2.00458

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  405 grams
Birth Weight [2]  10 grams
Female Maturity [2]  1 year
Male Maturity [2]  1 year
Wintering Geography [4]  Non-migrartory
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  16
Clutches / Year [6]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [4]  13,000,000
Incubation [2]  24 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  5 years
Wing Span [6]  18 inches (.46 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ackerhügelland nördlich Weimar mit Ettersberg 46216 Germany  
Ackerhügelland westlich Erfurt mit Fahnerscher Höhe 29781 Germany  
Aggtelek Biosphere Reserve National Park II 59233 Hungary
Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve National Biosphere Zapovednik Ia 82608 Ukraine  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Beauce et vallée de la Conie 177306 France  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Borsodi-sík 91542 Hungary  
CHAMPEIGNE 33935 France  
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Engsö 17864 Sweden  
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Haanja 41767 Estonia  
Hainleite - Westliche Schmücke 18652 Germany  
Hevesi-sík 191445 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kahtla-Kübassaare 34639 Estonia  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Karula 32591 Estonia  
Kemeru nacionalais parks 94308 Latvia  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Magredi di Pordenone 24950 Italy  
Maritsa-Parvomay 28430 Bulgaria  
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Muschelkalkhänge der westlichen Saaleplatte 26747 Germany  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
Närpiön saaristo 29228 Finland  
Oberlausitzer Heide - und Teichlandschaft Nature Reserve IV 32467 Germany  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Otepää 56325 Estonia  
PLAINE D'OIRON-THENEZAY 38499 France  
PLAINE DE LA MOTHE-SAINT-HERAY-LEZAY 60417 France  
PLAINE DE NIORT NORD-OUEST 42107 France  
PLAINE DE NIORT SUD-EST 51299 France  
PLAINES DU MIREBALAIS ET DU NEUVILLOIS 92492 France  
PLATEAU DE CHABRIS / LA CHAPELLE - MONTMARTIN 41190 France  
Pakri 50588 Estonia  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Petite Beauce 129891 France  
Pflaelzerwald Nature Park V 438818 Germany
Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée 16559 France  
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Polana Biosphere Reserve 50311 Slovakia  
Ponor 77541 Bulgaria  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Redes 93413 Spain  
Reserva de Ordesa-Vinamala Biosphere Reserve 127002 Spain  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Südlicher Steigerwald 27516 Germany  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Thüringische Rhön 49295 Germany  
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Untereichsfeld - Ohmgebirge 27196 Germany  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
VALLEE DU RHIN DE LAUTERBOURG A STRASBOURG 21785 France  
VALLEE DU RHIN DE STRASBOURG A MARCKOLSHEIM 21506 France  
Valle del Mezzano, Valle Pega 46611 Italy  
Valli di Comacchio 41464 Italy  
Vessertal-Thuringian Forest Biosphere Reserve 42250 Germany  
Vogelschutzgebiet 'Medebacher Bucht' 34278 Germany  
Vogelschutzgebiet Hellwegbörde 119642 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
ZONES AGRICOLES DE LA HARDT 22730 France  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Ancares mountains Spain B2, C6
Babia-Somiedo Spain A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Belagua-Ansó-Hecho Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Borsodi-Mezőség Hungary A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains Spain B2, C6  
Cerdaña Spain B2, C6
Cirque de Gavarnie France B2, C6
Degaña-Hermo Spain C6
Fresser-Setcases Spain C6
Fuentes Carrionas Spain B2, C6
Gistaín-Cotiella Spain B2, C6
Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges Spain B2, B3, C6
Gorges de la Frau et Belestat France C6
Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin. France B2, C2, C6
Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau France B1iii, B2, C2, C6
La Cabrera mountain range Spain B2, C6
La Demanda mountains Spain B2, C6
Massif du Canigou-Carança France A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3, C5, C6
Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat France B2, C6
Monteixo-L'Orri-Tornafort Spain B2, C6
Montes Aquilanos range Spain B2, B3, C6
Moson Plain Hungary A1, B2
Muniellos Spain C6
Ordesa-Bielsa Spain A3, B2, C6
Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges Spain B2, B3, C6
Picos de Europa mountain range Spain A3, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6  
Posets-Maladeta Spain A3, B2, C6
Puig Carlit et environs France B2, B3, C2, C6
Riaño Spain B2, B3, C2, C6  
San Mauricio-Bohí-Beret Spain A3, B2, C2, C6
Turbón-Espés-Sis Spain B2, B3, C2, C6
Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges Spain B2, B3, C6
Vallées du Lis et de la Pique France B2, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Amaranthus retroflexus (rough pigweed)[7]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[7]

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[8]
Aquila chrysaetos (Golden Eagle)[8]
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)[8]
Buteo regalis (Ferruginous Hawk)[8]
Buteo swainsoni (Swainson's Hawk)[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acuaria gruveli <Unverified Name>[9]
Amoebotaenia cuneata <Unverified Name>[9]
Aonchotheca bursata <Unverified Name>[9]
Aonchotheca caudinflata <Unverified Name>[9]
Ascaridia compar <Unverified Name>[9]
Ascaridia galli[9]
Baruscapillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[9]
Baruscapillaria tiaras <Unverified Name>[9]
Brachylecithum coturnixi <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria caudinflata <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria phasianina <Unverified Name>[9]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[10]
Ceratophyllus garei[10]
Choanotaenia infundibulum[9]
Cyrnea eurycerca <Unverified Name>[9]
Cyrnea parroti <Unverified Name>[9]
Davainea andrei <Unverified Name>[9]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[9]
Echinostoma revolutum[9]
Eucoleus annulatus <Unverified Name>[9]
Eucoleus dispar <Unverified Name>[9]
Eucoleus perforans <Unverified Name>[9]
Hartertia obesa <Unverified Name>[9]
Heterakis dispar <Unverified Name>[9]
Heterakis gallinarum[9]
Heterakis isolonche[9]
Heterakis macroura <Unverified Name>[9]
Hymenolepis carioca <Unverified Name>[9]
Lemdana marthae <Unverified Name>[9]
Mediorhynchus micracanthus[9]
Mediorhynchus papillosus[9]
Mediorhynchus petrotschenkoi <Unverified Name>[9]
Mediorhynchus tenuis[9]
Mesocestoides lineatus <Unverified Name>[9]
Oxyspirura schulzi <Unverified Name>[9]
Plagiorchis multiglandularis <Unverified Name>[9]
Postharmostomum gallinum <Unverified Name>[9]
Prosthogonimus indicus <Unverified Name>[9]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[9]
Prosthogonimus pellucidus <Unverified Name>[9]
Pterothominx blomei <Unverified Name>[9]
Raillietina cesticillus[9]
Raillietina circumvallata <Unverified Name>[9]
Raillietina echinobothrida <Unverified Name>[9]
Raillietina friedbergeri <Unverified Name>[9]
Staphylepis cantaniana <Unverified Name>[9]
Subulura brumpti <Unverified Name>[9]
Subulura curvata <Unverified Name>[9]
Subulura differens <Unverified Name>[9]
Syngamus trachea (gapeworm)[9]
Tamerlania zarudnyi <Unverified Name>[9]
Tetrameres lhuillieri <Unverified Name>[9]
Trichostrongylus tenuis[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Moscow Zoological Park
Ranua Wildlife Park
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenperdix

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Carroll, JP 1993. Gray partridge (Perdix perdix). Pages 1–20. in Poole, A. and F. Gill, editors. The Birds of North America, Number 58. The Academy of Natural Sciences. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the American Ornithologists Union. Washington, DC, USA.
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6British Trust for Ornithology
7Orłowski, G., & Czarnecka, J. (2013). Re-evaluation of the role of the grey partridge Perdix perdix as a disperser of arable weed seeds. Journal of ornithology, 154(1), 139-144.
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
10International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access