Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Francolinus > Francolinus francolinus
 

Francolinus francolinus (Black Francolin)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black francolin (Francolinus francolinus) is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. It was formerly known as the Black Partridge. It is the state bird of Haryana state, India.
View Wikipedia Record: Francolinus francolinus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.72512
EDGE Score: 2.37259

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  453 grams
Birth Weight [1]  13 grams
Clutch Size [2]  9
Clutches / Year [1]  2
Incubation [1]  19 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  7 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Goadavari-Krishna mangroves India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kopet Dag semi-desert Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe Iran, Turkmenistan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Thar desert India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Akyatan Lagoon 36324 Adana, Turkey      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Chail Sanctuary IV 31333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Chumbi-Surla Wildlife Sanctuary IV 137833 Pakistan  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Dana Wildlife Reserve IV   Jordan  
Daranghati Sanctuary IV 8190 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Darlanghat Sanctuary IV 28567 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Hor al Hammar Marshes Protected Area 667185 Iraq  
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kanawar Sanctuary IV 19991 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Lal Suhanra National Park V 17972 Pakistan  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Naina Devi Sanctuary IV 9627 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site   Hawaii, United States  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Renuka Sanctuary IV 10296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Shilli Sanctuary IV 498 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Agyatan lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2
Al Jadriyah and Umm Al Khanazeer island Iraq A1, B2, B3
Al-Hasa lagoons Saudi Arabia A4iii, B1i, B2
Anah and Rawa Iraq B2
Baquba wetlands Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Barda tugai forest Azerbaijan A1, B2
Dez river marshes and plains Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Euphrates valley Syria A1, B2, B3
Göksu delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Haur Al Hawizeh Iraq A1, A2, A3, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Horeh Bamdej Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Jabal Abdul Aziz Syria B2
Jericho Palestinian Authority Territories A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, B3
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Jordan Valley Jordan A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Karkheh river marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Karpas Peninsula Cyprus A2, B2
Korchai area Azerbaijan A1, B2
Lake Kinneret and Kinerot Israel A4i, B1i, B2
Meghri Armenia A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Mehrouyeh Wildlife Refuge Iran, Islamic Republic of B2, B3
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Pafos plain Cyprus A2, B2
Phasouri reedbeds Cyprus A2, B2
Ras al-Ayn Syria A1, B2, B3
Samara dam Iraq A4i, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Seyhan delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shamkhor area Azerbaijan A1, B2
Tuzla lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Xeros Valley: Asprokremmos dam Cyprus A2, B2
Yumurtalik lagoons Turkey A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Haryana

Prey / Diet

Alhagi maurorum (camelthorn)[3]
Prosopis farcta (Syrian mesquite)[3]
Sesamum indicum subsp. indicum (sesame)[3]
Trichogonia heringeri[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Camelus bactrianus (Bactrian camel)1
Lygus rugulipennis1
Timon lepidus (Jeweled lizard)1
Vulpes cana (Blanford's Fox)1

Predators

Felis chaus furax (Jungle cat)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaridia galli[5]
Cotugnia attariyana <Unverified Name>[5]
Cotugnia francolini <Unverified Name>[5]
Cotugnia paucitesticulata <Unverified Name>[5]
Heterakis dispar <Unverified Name>[5]
Heterakis gallinarum[5]
Lyperosomum petrowi <Unverified Name>[5]
Paronchocerca badamii <Unverified Name>[5]
Subulura brumpti <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Lotherton Bird Garden
Lucknow Zoological Park
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); North America; Oceania; Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE DIET OF IRANIAN BIRDS, Abolghasem Khaleghizadeh, Mohammad E. Sehhatisabet, Екологія, Беркут 15, Вип. 1-2. 2006. pp. 145-150 4THE PARASITIC FAUNA AND THE FOOD HABITS OF THE WILD JUNGLE CAT FELIS CHAUS FURAX DE WINTON, 1898 IN IRAQ, Mohammad K. Mohammad, Bull. Iraq nat. Hist. Mus. (2008) 10(2): 65-78 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access