Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Lophura > Lophura nycthemera

Lophura nycthemera (Silver Pheasant)

Wikipedia Abstract

The silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera) is a species of pheasant found in forests, mainly in mountains, of mainland Southeast Asia, and eastern and southern China, with introduced populations in Hawaii and various locations in the US mainland. The male is black and white, while the female is mainly brown. Both sexes have a bare red face and red legs (the latter separating it from the greyish-legged kalij pheasant). It is common in aviculture, and overall also remains common in the wild, but some of its subspecies (notably whiteheadi from Hainan, engelbachi from southern Laos, and annamensis from southern Vietnam) are rare and threatened.
View Wikipedia Record: Lophura nycthemera


Lophura nycthemera annamensis (Annamese silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera beaulieui (Lao silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera beli (Bel's silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera berliozi (Berlioz's silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera crawfurdii
Lophura nycthemera engelbachi (Boloven silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera fokiensis (Fokien silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera jonesi (Jones' silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera lewisi (Lewis' silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera lineata (Lineated kalij)
Lophura nycthemera nycthemera (Silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera occidentalis (Western silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera omeiensis
Lophura nycthemera ripponi (Rippon's silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera rongjiangensis
Lophura nycthemera rufipes (Ruby Mines silver pheasant)
Lophura nycthemera whiteheadi (Hainan silver pheasant)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.24064
EDGE Score: 1.44472


Diet [1]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  30 %
Diet - Invertibrates [1]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [1]  40 %
Forages - Ground [1]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  7
Incubation [2]  27 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Dinghushan Nature Reserve V 2320 Guangdong, China  
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Fujian Wuyishan Nature Reserve V 206754 Fujian, China  
Khao Chamao-Khao Wong National Park II 20311 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Maolan Biosphere Reserve V 79467 Guizhou, China  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Kong National Biodiversity Conservation Area   Laos      
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Kradung National Park II 63197 Thailand
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Pu Mat National Park IV 239739 Viet Nam  
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Bi Dup-Nui Ba Vietnam A1, A2, A3
Central Cardamoms Cambodia A1, A2
Dakchung Plateau Laos A1, A2
Dong Ampham Laos A2, A3
Hin Namno Laos A1, A2, A3
Kirirom Cambodia A3
Nakai Plateau Laos A1, A3, A4i
Nakai-Nam Theun Laos A1, A2, A3
Nam Chat / Nam Pan Laos A1, A2, A3
Nam Et Laos A3
Nam Ha Laos A3
Nam Xam Laos A1, A3
Phnom Aural Cambodia A1, A2, A3
Phnom Bokor Cambodia A1, A2, A3
Phnom Samkos Cambodia A1, A2, A3
Phou Ahyon Laos A1, A2
Phou Dendin Laos A1
Phou Louey Laos A1, A3
Xe Sap Laos A2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Castanopsis chinensis[2]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)1
Aceros cassidix (Knobbed Hornbill)1
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)1
Aegithina tiphia (Common Iora)1
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)1
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)1
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)1
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)1
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)2
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)1
Ampeliceps coronatus (Golden-crested Myna)1
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)2
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)1
Arborophila chloropus (Green-legged Partridge)2
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)1
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)1
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)1
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)2
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)1
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)1
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)1
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)1
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)2
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)1
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum concolor (Nilgiri Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)1
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)1
Elephas maximus (Asiatic Elephant)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Garrulax leucolophus (White-crested Laughingthrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)2
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)1
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)1
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)2
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)1
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca cyclopis (Taiwan macaque)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)2
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)1
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)2
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)1
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)1
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)1
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)1
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)1
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)1
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)1
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Penthetor lucasi (Lucas's short-nosed fruit bat)1
Petaurista philippensis (Indian giant flying squirrel)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)1
Presbytis potenziani (Mentawai leaf monkey)1
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)1
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)1
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)1
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)2
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)1
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)1
Rusa unicolor (sambar)1
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Tamiops rodolphii (Cambodian striped squirrel)1
Treron bicinctus (Orange-breasted Green Pigeon)1
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)1
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)2
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)1
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)1
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)1
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)1
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)1
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Bustan Zoological Centernycthemera
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bharat Ratna Pandit Gobind Ballabh
Biological Park Itanagar
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bramble Park Zoo
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centre
Bronx Children's Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Cape May County Park Zoo
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Dakota Zoo
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Giza Zoological Garden
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoocrawfurdi
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lucknow Zoological Park
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Moscow Zoological Park
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nehru Zoological Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Olmense Zoo
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)berliozi
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Ragunan Zoological Park
Riga Zoo
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Silesian Zoological Garden
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Songkhla Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Pheasant Foundation (OHBG)berliozi
Tracy Aviary
Turtle Back Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Melaka
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenberliozi
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora

Range Map

Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access