Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Chrysolophus > Chrysolophus pictus

Chrysolophus pictus (Golden Pheasant)

Wikipedia Abstract

The golden pheasant or Chinese pheasant, (Chrysolophus pictus) is a gamebird of the order Galliformes (gallinaceous birds) and the family Phasianidae (pheasants). The genus name is from Ancient Greek khrusolophos, "with golden crest", and pictus is Latin for "painted" from pingere, "to paint". Both males and females have yellow legs and yellow bills. Despite the male's showy appearance, these hardy birds are very difficult to see in their natural habitat, which is dense, dark young conifer forests with sparse undergrowth. Consequently, little is known about their behaviour in the wild.
View Wikipedia Record: Chrysolophus pictus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.98565
EDGE Score: 1.78937


Adult Weight [1]  1.38 lbs (625 g)
Birth Weight [2]  26.7 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.16 lbs (525 g)
Male Weight [1]  1.60 lbs (725 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  38.1 %
Female Maturity [4]  1 year
Male Maturity [4]  1 year
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  90 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [6]  8
Clutches / Year [7]  1
Incubation [5]  22 days
Maximum Longevity [5]  13 years
Wing Span [7]  28 inches (.7 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Daweishan Nature Reserve V 122415 Yunnan, China  
Fanjingshan Nature Reserve V 86145 Guizhou, China  
Medog Nature Reserve   China      
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Tianmushan Biosphere Reserve 47993 China  
Wolong Nature Reserve V 826140 Sichuan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No

Prey / Diet

Actinidia chinensis (kiwi)[1]
Triticum aestivum (common wheat)[1]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)1
Apamea anceps (Large Nutmeg)1
Apamea sordens1
Corvus frugilegus (Rook)1
Delia florilega (bean seed maggot)1
Geomyza tripunctata1
Hydraecia micacea (potato stem worm)1
Leptopterna dolabrata (meadow plant bug)1
Luperina testacea (Flounced Rustic)1
Lygus rugulipennis1
Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)1
Melogale moschata (Chinese Ferret-badger)1
Mesapamea secalis (Common Rustic)1
Mesoligia literosa1
Opomyza germinationis1
Oria musculosa1
Paguma larvata (Masked Palm Civet)1


Martes flavigula (Yellow-throated Marten)[8]


Parasitized by 
Aonchotheca caudinflata <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[9]
Capillaria phasianina <Unverified Name>[9]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[9]
Eucoleus annulatus <Unverified Name>[9]
Heterakis gallinarum[9]
Heterakis isolonche[9]
Heterakis vesicularis[9]
Morishitium vagum <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
America's Teaching Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Beale Park
Bhagwan Birsa Munda Biological Park
Bharat Ratna Pandit Gobind Ballabh
Binder Park Zoo
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bramble Park Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Brooklands Zoo
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Cape May County Park Zoo
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Drusillas Zoo Park
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Dunedin Botanic Gardens Aviary
Ellen Trout Zoo
Emerald Safari Resort
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Garden
Gladys Porter Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hansenberg Organia
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Lucknow Zoological Park
Manor House Wildlife Park
Melbourne Zoo
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Mill Mountain Zoo
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrpark
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Zoo & Aquarium
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Orange County Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Phoenix Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Racine Zoological Gardens
Ragunan Zoological Park
Riga Zoo
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
Saint Louis Zoological Park
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Scovill Zoo
Seneca Park Zoo
Sequoia Park Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Taronga Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Pheasant Foundation (OHBG)
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Tracy Aviary
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Trotter's World of Animals
Turtle Back Zoo
Umgeni River Bird Park
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Melaka
Zoo of Antwerp
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora


Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7British Trust for Ornithology
8You-Bing Zhou, Chris Newman, Christina D. Buesching, Andrzej Zalewski, Yayoi Kaneko, David W. Macdonald, and Zong-Qiang Xie, Diet of an opportunistically frugivorous carnivore, Martes flavigula, in subtropical forest Journal of Mammalogy, 92(3):611–619, 2011
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access