Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Pavo > Pavo cristatus

Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl; Common Peafowl)

Wikipedia Abstract

("Common peacock" redirects here. For the butterfly with this common name, see Papilio polyctor.) The Indian peafowl or blue peafowl (Pavo cristatus), a large and brightly coloured bird, is a species of peafowl native to South Asia, but introduced in many other parts of the world. The bird is celebrated in Indian and Greek mythology and is the national bird of India. The Indian peafowl is listed as of Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
View Wikipedia Record: Pavo cristatus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.01383
EDGE Score: 2.19876


Adult Weight [1]  9.25 lbs (4.19 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  120 grams
Female Weight [1]  7.99 lbs (3.62 kg)
Male Weight [1]  10.51 lbs (4.77 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  31.6 %
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  40 %
Diet - Vertibrates [3]  10 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [2]  5
Incubation [2]  29 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  23 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Chumbi-Surla Wildlife Sanctuary IV 137833 Pakistan  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Daranghati Sanctuary IV 8190 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Darlanghat Sanctuary IV 28567 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Desert National Park II 672840 Rajasthan, India  
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Gajner Game Reserve   Rajasthan, India  
Gamgul Siahbehi Sanctuary IV 22296 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Great Himalayan National Park II 184040 Himachal Pradesh, India
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India      
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Kugti Sanctuary IV 126362 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Naina Devi Sanctuary IV 9627 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Sanjay Gandhi National Park II 439343 Maharashtra, India
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Shilli Sanctuary IV 498 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Simbalbara Sanctuary IV 40364 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Tal Chhaper Wildlife Sanctuary IV 20318 Rajasthan, India  
Tamor Pingla Sanctuary IV 148780 Chhattishgarh, India  
Tansa Wildlife Sanctuary IV 51099 Maharashtra, India  
Tundah Sanctuary IV 26333 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Wilpattu National Park II 320298 Sri Lanka  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of


Prey / Diet

Amaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)[4]
Bombax ceiba (red silk cottontree)[4]
Centella abbreviata (centella)[4]
Croton bonplandianus (Bonpland's croton)[4]
Dendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)[4]
Dichanthium annulatum (kleberg bluestem)[4]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[5]
Lantana camara (lantana)[4]
Panicum antidotale (blue panicgrass)[4]
Setaria verticillata (rough bristle grass)[4]
Ziziphus jujuba (common jujube)[4]
Ziziphus oenoplia[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres cristatellus (Crested Myna)1
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)1
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Axis axis (chital)1
Axis porcinus (hog deer)2
Bos frontalis gaurus (gaur)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Dendrocitta formosae (Grey Treepie)1
Dicaeum erythrorhynchos (Pale-billed Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus macrocercus (Black Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)1
Elephas maximus (Asiatic Elephant)1
Francolinus pondicerianus (Grey Francolin)2
Heterophasia picaoides (Long-tailed Sibia)1
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Hypsipetes leucocephalus (Black Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Lonchura oryzivora (Java Sparrow)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)1
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)1
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Megalaima asiatica (Blue-throated Barbet)1
Megalaima virens (Great Barbet)1
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)2
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)2
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)1
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Asian Palm Civet)1
Platacanthomys lasiurus (Malabar spiny dormouse)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)1
Psittacula himalayana (Slaty-headed Parakeet)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)1
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)1
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)1
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)1
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)1
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)2
Rhyticeros subruficollis (Plain-pouched Hornbill)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)1
Semnopithecus vetulus (purple-faced leaf monkey)1
Sturnia pagodarum (Brahminy Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)2


Bubo nipalensis (Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl)[6]


Parasitized by 
Amyrsidea minuta[7]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[8]
Capillaria phasianina <Unverified Name>[8]
Cotugnia rihandensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Goniodes pavonis[7]
Heterakis gallinarum[8]
Histomonas meleagridis[7]
Hymenolepis diminuta <Unverified Name>[8]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[8]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[8]
Raillietina echinobothrida <Unverified Name>[8]
Raillietina tetragona <Unverified Name>[8]
Subulura minetti <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
AB Furuviksparken
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Al Ain Zoo
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Alameda Park Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Auckland Zoological Park
Audubon Zoo
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Barranquilla Zoo
Bergen County Zoological Park
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Bharat Ratna Pandit Gobind Ballabh
Binder Park Zoo
Biological Park Itanagar
Birmingham Nature Centre
Birmingham Zoo
Blaavand Zoo
Blackbutt Reserve
Boras Djurpark Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Brent Lodge Park Animal Centre
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Cango Wildlife Ranch
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Chicago Zoological Park
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Cosley Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dakota Zoo
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dickerson Park Zoo
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenrijk Europa
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Ecodrome CV
Ellen Trout Zoo
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fota Wildlife Park
Freeport-McMoran Audubon SpecSurvl Ctr
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Giza Zoological Garden
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Garden
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
Hamilton Zoo
Helsinki Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
Howletts Wild Animal Park
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Indira Gandhi Zoo & Deer Park
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jardin Zoologico Y Botanico De LaPlata
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Joboland Brandesgardshaven
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Garden
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Knuthenborg Safaripark
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Louisville Zoological Garden
Manor House Wildlife Park
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Melbourne Zoo
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Mitchell Park Zoo
Mokopane Biodiversity Conservation Centre
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Mulhouse Zoo
Museum de Besancon
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Zoo & Aquarium
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Niabi Zoo
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ocean Park Corporation
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Orana Wildlife Park
Ouwehand Zoo
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De La Naturaleza Selwo (GRPR)
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Parque Zoologico Quinzinho de Barros
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Pet Porpoise Pool Pty. Ltd.
Phoenix Zoo
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Planete Sauvage
Pocatello Zoo
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Potawatomi Zoo
Potter Park Zoological Gardens
Prospect Park Zoo
Racine Zoological Gardens
Ragunan Zoological Park
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Reid Park Zoo
Riga Zoo
Riverside Zoo
Riverview Park & Zoo
Rodbaston College
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Roosevelt Park Zoo
Rosamond Gifford Zoo at Burnet Park
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Santa Ana Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Scovill Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Shepreth Wildlife Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Skansen Foundation, Zool. Dept.
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Songkhla Zoo
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Staten Island Zoo
Sunset Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Taronga Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Texas Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tierwelt Herberstein
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zoo
Tracy Aviary
Tropical Butterfly House
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Utica Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Virginia Zoological Park
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife Safari Inc
Wilhelma Zoo
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Woburn Safari Park
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Melaka
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürich
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologico Nacional Simon Bolivar
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Range Map

Oceania; Southern Asia;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Kannan R. & James DA, 1998: Common Peafowl (Pavo cristatus). In: Poole A. & Gill F. (eds.): The birds of North America. No. 377. Philadelphia: The Birds of North America
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Rajesh Kumar, N., & Balasubramanian, P. (2011). Habitat use and food habits: of Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) in Anaikatty Hills, Western Ghats. Indian Birds, 7(5), 125-127.
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Predation by Forest Eagle-Owl Bubo nipalensis on Mouse Deer Moschiola meminna, Nandini R, Indian Birds Vol. 1 No. 5 (September-October 2005), p. 119-120
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access