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Grus antigone (Sarus Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The sarus crane (Grus antigone) is a large nonmigratory crane found in parts of the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and Australia. The tallest of the flying birds, standing at a height of up to 1.8 m (5 ft 11 in), they are conspicuous and iconic species of open wetlands. The sarus crane is easily distinguished from other cranes in the region by the overall grey colour and the contrasting red head and upper neck.
View Wikipedia Record: Grus antigone

Infraspecies

Grus antigone antigone (Indian sarus crane)
Grus antigone gillae (Australian sarus crane)
Grus antigone sharpii (Eastern sarus crane)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
48
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.37203
EDGE Score: 3.38399

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  12.91 lbs (5.86 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  225 grams
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [2]  32 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  41 years
Wing Span [4]  7.9 feet (2.4 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Lal Suhanra National Park V 17972 Pakistan  
Palamau Tiger Reserve National Park II 329056 Bihar, India
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Xe Pian National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 645271 Laos  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary Philippines A1, A2, A4i
Alniya Dam India A1, A4iii
Ang Tropeang Thmor Cambodia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ayeyarwaddy Delta Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Bagdarrah Closed Area India A1, A3
Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Bandhavgarh National Park India A1, A3
Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bardha Dam India A1, A3, A4i
Bardia National Park Nepal A1, A4i
Barna Reservoir India A1, A4iii
Basai wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bhal area India A1
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bhoj wetland India A1, A4i, A4iii
Boeung Prek Lapouv Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Chhep Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Chitwan National Park Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Corbett Tiger Reserve India A1
Dibru: Saikhowa Complex India A1, A2
Dihaila Jheel and other wetlands India A1, A4i, A4iii
Dudhwa National Park India A1, A3, A4i
Farmlands in Lumbini area Nepal A1, A3, A4i
Gawana Arain, Mangaliyawas, Ramsar, Goyal, Ratakot, Badar India A1
Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Halali Reservoir India A1, A4iii
Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Indawgyi Lake and Indawgyi River Myanmar A1, A4i
Inle Bird Sanctuary (including Balu Chuang, Sagar and Mobye) Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Kampong Trach Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Kanha National Park India A1
Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary and Girijapur Barrage India A1
Kawar or Kabar Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande India A1, A4iii
Khijadiya Lake and Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kien Luong Vietnam A1, A3, A4i
Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Kudaiyya marshland India A1, A4iii
Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Kurra Jheel India A1, A4iii
Lagga: Bagga Reserve Forest India A1
Lakh-Bahosi Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Lang Sen Vietnam A1
Lomphat Cambodia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Mirgund Jheel and Reserve India A1, A4i
Mondulkiri / Kratie Lowlands Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Moyingyi Bird Sanctuary Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Nadi Kan Myanmar A1
Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Narora India A1, A4iii
National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Agra/Etawah) India A1, A4iii
National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota) India A1, A4iii
Navegaon National Park India A1, A3
Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Okhla Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Patna Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Preah Net Preah / Kra Lanh / Pourk Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Pyagpur and Sitadwar Jheel India A1, A4iii
Rampura Grassland India A1
Ramsagar Lake India A1, A4iii
Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ranthambore National Park and Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary India A1
Saman Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Samaspur Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Sandi Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sareri Bandh India A1, A4iii
Sariska Tiger Reserve India A1
Sarsai Nawar Lake India A1, A4iii
Sauj Lake India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sei Dam reservoir and surrounding environs India A1
Sheikha Jheel India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sohagibarwa Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Sonkhaliya Closed Area India A1
Sre Ambel Cambodia A1
Stung / Chi Kreng / Kampong Svay Cambodia A1, A3
Stung Sen / Santuk / Baray Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve Nepal A1, A4i
Sultanpur National Park India A1, A4i, A4iii
Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Surha Tal Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Tadoba National Park and Andhari Tiger Reserve India A1, A3
Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Tram Chim Vietnam A1, A3, A4i
Udaipur Lakes Complex India A1, A4i
Upper Srepok Catchment Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Upper Stung Sen Catchment Cambodia A1, A4i
Valmiki Tiger Reserve and Saraiyaman Lake India A1, A3
Velavadar National Park India A1, A4ii
Western Siem Pang Cambodia A1, A3, A4i
Wetlands of Kheda India A1
Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Xe Pian Laos A1, A2, A3, A4i
Yeshwantsagar Reservoir India A1, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No

Emblem of

Uttar Pradesh

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ascaridia stroma <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Assiniboine Park Zooantigone
Blackbrook Zoological Parkantigone
 gillae
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Park
 antigone
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Cougar Mountain Zoological Park
Denver Zoological Gardensantigone
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Disney's Animal Kingdom
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Land LTD
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
International Animal Exchange, Inc.
International Crane Foundation
 antigone
Khao Kheow Open Zoosharpii
Kharkiv Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lee Richardson Zooantigone
Lion Country Safari Inc - Floridaantigone
Little Rock Zoological Gardensantigone
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardensantigone
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Gardenantigone
Lucknow Zoological Park
Marwell Wildlife
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Mesker Park Zooantigone
Miami Metrozoo
 antigone
Montgomery Zooantigone
 sharpii
Moscow Zoological Parkantigone
Mountain View Conservation & Breedingantigone
Mulhouse Zooantigone
National Trust for Nature Conservation
Olmense Zooantigone
 gillae
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
 antigone
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
 antigone
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 antigone
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyreantigone
Parco Natura Viva
Safari West
 sharpii
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
 antigone
Saint Louis Zoological Parkantigone
San Diego Wild Animal Park
 antigone
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wildlife Safari Incantigone
Wildlife World Zoosharpii
Zoo Boise
 antigone
Zoo d'Assonantigone
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo Dortmundantigone
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
 antigone
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesnaantigone
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 2Intrinsic aging-related mortality in birds, Robert E. Ricklefs, JOURNAL OF AVIAN BIOLOGY 31: 103–111. Copenhagen 2000 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Wildlife As Canon Sees It 5Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access