Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Grus > Grus japonensis
 

Grus japonensis (Red-crowned Crane; Japanese Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

colspan=2 style="text-align: center; background-color: transparent; text-align:center; border: 1px solid red;" | Red-crowned Crane 300px In snow in Hokkaido, Japan Conservation status File:Status iucn3.1 EN. svgEndangered colspan=2 style="text-align: center; background-color: transparent; text-align:center; border: 1px solid red;" | Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Order: Gruiformes Family: Gruidae Genus: Grus Species: G.
View Wikipedia Record: Grus japonensis

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Grus japonensis

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  18.74 lbs (8.50 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Clutch Size [3]  2
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Incubation [1]  31 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years
Migration [2]  Intracontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Bastak State Nature Reserve 226771 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bolonsky State Nature Reserve 256001 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Botchinsky State Nature Reserve 660710 Khabarovsk, Russia
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Far East State Marine Reserve 158928 Primorsky Krai, Russia      
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Khinganskiy State Nature Reserve 239873 Amur, Russia
Kronotsky Biosphere Reserve 2822275 Kamchatka Krai , Russia
Kurilsky State Nature Reserve 161520 Sakhalin, Russia      
Norsky State Nature Reserve 521807 Amur, Russia
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Amrok River estuary North Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Anbyon field North Korea A1, A4i
Arkhara lowlands (including Khinganskiy Nature Reserve) Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Bacha Dao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Beidagang Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Beidaihe China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Bolon' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Chagan Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Changdao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4iv  
Cheolwon basin South Korea A1, A4i
Chongchon River estuary (including Mundok Nature Reserve) North Korea A1, A4i
Chongdan field North Korea A1, A4i
Dabusu Hu China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Daedong Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Daeseongdong and Panmunjeom marshes South Korea A1
Dalai Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Dali Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Daqinggou Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Dashanzuizi China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Gaoyou Hu China (mainland) A1, A4i
Genhe China (mainland) A1, A3
Hala Hai China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Hanma Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3
Heiyupao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Heyang Huang He Wetlands Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Holqin Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Honghe Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Huihe Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Hukou Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Huzhong Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3
Jingpo Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3, A4i
Kaifeng Liuyuankou Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Kangryong field North Korea A1
Keluo He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Khanka plain Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Kiritappu marsh, Biwase bay Japan A1, A3
Kumya Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Kunashir island Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4ii  
Kushiro marsh Japan A1, A3
Lake Akkeshiko, Bekanbeushi marsh Japan A1, A4i
Lake Furenko and nearby wetlands Japan A1, A3, A4i
Lake Kwangpo North Korea A1, A4i
Lake Manpo and Lake Bonpo North Korea A1, A4i
Lake Notoroko and Lake Abashiriko Japan A1, A3, A4i  
Lake Samilpo North Korea A1, A4i  
Lake Tofutsuko Japan A1, A3, A4i
Lake Tungjong and Lake Chonapo North Korea A1, A4i
Laodengshan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Laotieshan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iv
Lianhuanhu Waterbird Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Lower Tokachigawa river Japan A1, A3, A4i
Lower Tumen river Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Mangui China (mainland) A1, A3
Maoshan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Melmeg (Momege) Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Mongol Daguur Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Mount Kumgang North Korea A1, A3, A4i  
Muraviovskiy Wildlife Refuge Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Naoli He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Niuxintaobao China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Notsuke bay, Odaito Japan A1, A3, A4i
Nuomin-Bila He-Dayangshu China (mainland) A1
Onchon field North Korea A1, A4i
Ongjin Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Orangchon River estuary North Korea A1, A4i
Panmun field North Korea A1, A4i
Qihulin He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Qilihai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Qindeli Sturgeon Reserve China (mainland) A1
Qingdao-Rizhao coastal wetland and islands China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Qixing He Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Ryonghung Gang estuary North Korea A1
Sanjiang Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Sanmenxia Dam Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Shaobo Hu Lake Area China (mainland) A1, A4i
Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Shuifeng Reservoir and middle reaches of Yalu Jiang China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Songhua Hu, Baishan Hu and Hongshi Hu China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Taedong River estuary North Korea A1, A4i
Tailai Dongfanghong China (mainland) A1, A4i
Tashgain Tavan Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Tidal flat area of southern Ganghwa-do island South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Tokachi coastal lakes Japan A1, A3, A4i
Torey lakes (including Daursky Nature Reserve) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tuanbowa Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tumen River at Jingxin-Fangchuan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tumuji Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Unryul Kumsanpo North Korea A1, A4i
Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers Mongolia A1, A4i
Weinan Sanhe wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i
Wuda Lianchi Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Xianghai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yancheng Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yangdali Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Yaojingzi Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yeonchon South Korea A1
Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Yueya Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Zhalong Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Japan Japan No

Emblem of

China
Japan

Prey / Diet

Microtus fortis (reed vole)[4]
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Weather loach)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ciconia boyciana (Oriental Stork)1
Mergus squamatus (Scaly-sided Merganser)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Metorchis grusi <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Birmingham Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Bramble Park Zoo
Capron Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Exmoor Zoological Park
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Inokashira Park Zoo
International Crane Foundation
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Kyiv Zoological Park
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Louisville Zoological Garden
Marwell Wildlife
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nordens Ark
North of England Zoological Society
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de Tregomeur
Parco Faunistico La Torbiera
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Riga Zoo
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Seoul Zoo
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Sunset Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tautphaus Park Zoo
The Wilds
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo des Sables d'Olonne
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 28-Nov-2006, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Red-crowned Crane, BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011