Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Grus > Grus vipio
 

Grus vipio (White-naped Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-naped crane (Grus vipio) is a bird of the crane family. It is a large bird, 112–125 cm (44–49 in) long, approximately 130 cm (4 ft) tall and weighing about 5.6 kg (12 lbs) with pinkish legs, grey and white striped neck, and a red face patch.The white-naped crane breeds in northeastern Mongolia, northeastern China, and adjacent areas of southeastern Russia where a program at Khinganski Nature Reserve raises eggs provided from U.S. zoos to bolster the species.
View Wikipedia Record: Grus vipio

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
49
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.79618
EDGE Score: 3.43993

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  11.91 lbs (5.40 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  20 %
Diet - Plants [2]  40 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  30 %
Diet - Vertibrates [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Incubation [1]  31 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  45 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Wing Span [5]  6.7 feet (2.05 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amur meadow steppe China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Anhui Shengjin Lake National Nature Reserve 82385 Anhui, China      
Bastak State Nature Reserve 226771 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Far East State Marine Reserve 158928 Primorsky Krai, Russia    
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Khinganskiy State Nature Reserve 239873 Amur, Russia
Lazovsky Zapovednik Ia 299030 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Airkhan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Amrok River estuary North Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Argun' river Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Arkhara lowlands (including Khinganskiy Nature Reserve) Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Bacha Dao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Bayan Obo Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Beidaihe China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Buir Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Cheolwon basin South Korea A1, A4i
Chongchon River estuary (including Mundok Nature Reserve) North Korea A1, A4i
Chongming Dongtan Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Daeseongdong and Panmunjeom marshes South Korea A1
Dalai Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Dali Nur Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Darkhad Depression Mongolia A1, A4i
Dashinchilen Bayan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Dongting Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Ganga Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Gumi Haepyeong South Korea A1, A4i
Han-gang estuary South Korea A1, A4i
Heiyupao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Holqin Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Huihe Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Hukou Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Huzhong Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A3
Izumi, Takaono Japan A1, A4i
Junam reservoir South Korea A1, A4i
Kaifeng Liuyuankou Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Keluo He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Khanka plain Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Khukh Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Kumya Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Lake Kwangpo North Korea A1, A4i
Lake Manpo and Lake Bonpo North Korea A1, A4i
Laotieshan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iv
Lianhuanhu Waterbird Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Longgan Hu Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Lower Tumen river Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Melmeg (Momege) Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Mongol Daguur Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Muraviovskiy Wildlife Refuge Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Nakdong-gang estuary South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Naoli He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Nuomin-Bila He-Dayangshu China (mainland) A1
Ogii Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Onchon field North Korea A1, A4i
Ongjin Bay North Korea A1, A4i
Onon-Balj Mongolia A1, A4i
Orangchon River estuary North Korea A1, A4i
Panmun field North Korea A1, A4i
Poyang Hu wetlands China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Qagan Nur China (mainland) A1
Qihulin He Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Qindeli Sturgeon Reserve China (mainland) A1
Qixing He Wetland Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Sanjiang Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Shengjin Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Shuangtai (Shuangtaizi) Estuary and Inner Gulf of Liaodong China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Sihong Wetland of Hongze Hu China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Sihwa-ho lake South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Tailai Dongfanghong China (mainland) A1, A4i
Tashgain Tavan Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Teshigiin Olon Lakes Mongolia A1, A4i
Torey lakes (including Daursky Nature Reserve) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Tsengeleg Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Ulgai China (mainland) A1, A4iii
Upo swamp South Korea A1, A4i
Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers Mongolia A1, A4i
Xianghai Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yalu Jiang Estuary China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yancheng Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yangdali Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1
Yellow River Delta Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yeonchon South Korea A1
Yubei Huanghe Gudao Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i
Zhalong Nature Reserve China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Japan Japan No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Birdland Park & Gardens
Birmingham Nature Centre
Birmingham Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Central Park Zoo
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Exmoor Zoological Park
International Crane Foundation
Jackson Zoological Park
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas
Lotherton Bird Garden
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Municipal Independent Org. Roev Ruchei
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Nordens Ark
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zoo
Ouwehand Zoo
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Potawatomi Zoo
Red River Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
Rotterdam Zoo
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tiergarten Bernburg
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Turtle Back Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Yokohama Zool. Gardens
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo Decin - Pastyrska Stena
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access