Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Anthropoides > Anthropoides virgo

Anthropoides virgo (Demoiselle Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The demoiselle crane (Grus virgo) is a species of crane found in central Eurasia, ranging from the Black Sea to Mongolia and North Eastern China. There is also a small breeding population in Turkey. These cranes are migratory birds. Birds from western Eurasia will spend the winter in Africa whilst the birds from Asia, Mongolia and China will spend the winter in the Indian subcontinent. The bird is symbolically significant in the culture of North India, where it is known as the koonj.
View Wikipedia Record: Anthropoides virgo


Adult Weight [1]  5.29 lbs (2.40 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  128 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Diet [3]  Omnivore
Clutch Size [1]  2
Incubation [1]  28 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  27 years
Migration [4]  Intracontinental
Wing Span [5]  5.2 feet (1.6 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve National Biosphere Zapovednik Ia 82608 Ukraine  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Azas Zapovednik Ia 742280 Tuva, Russia
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bogdinsko-Baskunchaksky State Nature Reserve 45660 Astrakhan, Russia
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Chernomorskiy National Biosphere Zapovednik 180999 Ukraine  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Chernye Zemly State Nature Reserve 301224 Kalmykia, Russia
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Dagestan State Nature Reserve 47101 Dagestan, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Desert National Park II 672840 Rajasthan, India  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khankaisky State Nature Reserve 97085 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Kurilsky State Nature Reserve 161520 Sakhalin, Russia    
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) National Park II 275416 Nepal
Olekminsky State Nature Reserve 2093249 Sakha, Russia
Orenburg State Nature Reserve 53506 Orenburg, Russia
Pribaikalsky National Park 1031171 Irkutsk, Russia
Rostov State Nature Preserve 23389 Rostov, Russia
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Shabla Lake Complex 7896 Bulgaria  
Shushensky Bor National Park 96791 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Tal Chhaper Wildlife Sanctuary IV 20318 Rajasthan, India  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Vitimskii State Nature Reserve 1445618 Irkutsk, Russia


Parasitized by 
Metorchis orientalis <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!
Al Ain Zoo
Alexandria Zoological Park
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
Aqua Zoo Friesland
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Blackpool Zoo
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zoo
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dierenpark Wissel
Dierenrijk Europa
Exmoor Zoological Park
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Greater Vancouver Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)
International Crane Foundation
Jardin Zoologique de la Ville de Lyon
Johannesburg Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zoopark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lakeland Wildlife Oasis
Lee Richardson Zoo
London Wetland Centre (W&WT)
Lotherton Bird Garden
Louisville Zoological Garden
Lucknow Zoological Park
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Marwell Wildlife
Maryland Zoo in Baltimore
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Miami Metrozoo
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc Animalier de Sainte Croix
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Podkrusnohorsky Zoopark Chomutov
Rodbaston College
Rotterdam Zoo
Safari West
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Sedgwick County Zoo
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Slimbridge New Grounds W&WTrust
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
Taipei Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
Thrigby Hall Wildlife Gardens
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zoo
Tracy Aviary
Tropiquaria Wildlife Park
Turtle Back Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Umgeni River Bird Park
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Virginia Zoological Park
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wildlife World Zoo
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien
Zoo Taiping & Night Safari
Zoo Zürich
Zoobotanico de Jerez
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnice
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig

Range Map



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
4Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Specially protected natural territories of the Russian Federation, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access