Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Gruidae > Balearica > Balearica pavonina

Balearica pavonina (Black Crowned Crane)

Wikipedia Abstract

The black crowned crane (Balearica pavonina) is a bird in the crane family Gruidae. It occurs in dry savannah in Africa south of the Sahara, although in nests in somewhat wetter habitats. There are two subspecies: B. p. pavonina in the west and the more numerous B. p. ceciliae in east Africa. Like all cranes, the black crowned crane eats insects, reptiles, and small mammals. It is endangered, especially in the west, by habitat loss and degradation.
View Wikipedia Record: Balearica pavonina


Balearica pavonina ceciliae (Sudan black-crowned crane)
Balearica pavonina pavonina (West African black-crowned crane)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 12.0682
EDGE Score: 3.95648


Adult Weight [1]  8.00 lbs (3.63 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  137 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Ectothermic [2]  20 %
Diet - Fish [2]  10 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Diet - Plants [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  50 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Incubation [3]  29 days
Wing Span [3]  6.2 feet (1.9 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
Bamingui-Bangoran Conservation Area National Park II 2783298 Central African Republic  
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Diawling National Park II 163983 Mauritania  
Golden Gate Highlands National Park II 28689 Free State, South Africa
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Parc National de la Comoe National Park II 2902593 Côte d'Ivoire  
Parc National de Waza National Park II 349858 Cameroon  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Radom National Park II   Sudan  
Reserve de la Biosphere de la Pendjari Biosphere Reserve 217453 Benin  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
The W Region National Park II 549843 Niger  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi: Duguma Sector Nigeria A1, A3
Gâat Mahmoûdé Mauritania A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Abiad Sudan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Fitri Chad A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Kundi Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Logone flood-plain Cameroon A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system) Sudan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Waza National Park Cameroon A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Zakouma National Park Chad A1, A3, A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No

Emblem of



Parasitized by 
Eucoleus obtusiuscula <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)pavonina
African Safariceciliae
Al Ain Zoopavonina
Al Bustan Zoological Center
Alexandria Zoological Park
Artis Zoopavonina
Audubon Zoopavonina
Bioparc Valencia
Birmingham Zoopavonina
Blackbrook Zoological Parkpavonina
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanatpavonina
Brevard Zoopavonina
Chehaw Wild Animal Parkpavonina
Columbus Zoo and Aquariumpavonina
Cougar Mountain Zoological Parkpavonina
Curraghs Wildlife Park
Dallas Zoopavonina
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark de Oliemeulen (Zoo Tilburg)
Disney's Animal Kingdompavonina
Drayton Manor Park Zoo
Ellen Trout Zoopavonina
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Gladys Porter Zoopavonina
Guadalajara Zoopavonina
Hope Zoo (Nature Preservation Found.)pavonina
Houston Zoo, Inc.pavonina
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Parkpavonina
International Animal Exchange, Inc.ceciliae
International Crane Foundationpavonina
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Khao Kheow Open Zoopavonina
Lehigh Valley Zoopavonina
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardenspavonina
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Maktoum Wildlife Centrececiliae
Martin Mere Wildfowl & Wetlands Trust
Maryland Zoo in Baltimorepavonina
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquariumpavonina
Miami Metrozoopavonina
Montgomery Zoo
Mulhouse Zoopavonina
Natural Encounters, Inc.pavonina
Noah's Ark Zoo Farm
North of England Zoological Societypavonina
Ocean Park Corporation
Oklahoma City Zoological Parkpavonina
Olmense Zoo
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoopavonina
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkpavonina
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkpavonina
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonapavonina
Parc Zoologique d'Amienspavonina
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)pavonina
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parco Zoo di Falconara
Pensthorpe Conservation Trust Limited
Potawatomi Zoopavonina
Ragunan Zoological Park
Roger Williams Park Zoopavonina
Roosevelt Park Zoopavonina
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarpavonina
San Diego Wild Animal Parkpavonina
San Francisco Zoological Gardenspavonina
Sedgwick County Zoopavonina
Sharjah Breeding Centre For Endangeredceciliae
Silver Springs Park
St. Augustine Alligator Farmpavonina
St. Paul's Como Zoopavonina
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Taipei Zoo
Tbilisi Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoopavonina
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnbergceciliae
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Valencia Bioparc, Rainforest S.A.pavonina
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Parkpavonina
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelpavonina
Wildlife World Zoopavonina
Wilhelma Zoopavonina
Zoo Boisepavonina
Zoo d'Assonpavonina
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontainepavonina
Zoo Parc de Beauvalpavonina
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; Tsavo National Park;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access