Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Gruiformes > Eurypygidae > Eurypyga > Eurypyga helias
 

Eurypyga helias (Sunbittern)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Sunbittern (Eurypyga helias) is a bittern-like bird of tropical regions of the Americas, and the sole member of the family Eurypygidae (sometimes spelled Eurypigidae) and genus Eurypyga. It ranges from Mexico to southern Peru, showing three extant subspecies. The Subbittern show both morphological and molecular similarities with the Kagu (Rhynochetos jubatus) of New Caledonia, indicating an gondwanic origin, being both placed in the clade Eurypygiformes.
View Wikipedia Record: Eurypyga helias

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
75
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
59
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 55.3819
EDGE Score: 4.03215

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  210 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2
Incubation [1]  27 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Dry Chaco Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Cordillera Volcanica Central Forest Reserve VI 150571 Costa Rica  
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
La Selva Biological Station Protective Zone VI 6052 Costa Rica
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve   Costa Rica  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Rara Avis Rainforest Reserve 3163 Costa Rica
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Reserva Cuzco Amazonico   Peru      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Cerrado Brazil No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Albuquerque Biological Park
Amazon World
Artis Zoo
Audubon Zoo
Biodome de Montreal
 major
Bird Park Marlow
Birmingham Zoo
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moinesmajor
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Central Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
 major
City of Belfast Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dallas World Aquarium
 major
Denver Zoological Gardens
 major
Dierenpark Emmen
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
GaiaPark, Kerkrade Zoo
Henry Vilas Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
 major
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Louisville Zoological Garden
Miami Metrozoo
 major
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Miller Park Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
North Carolina Zoological Park
Odense Zoologiske Have
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Park
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Randers Regnskov
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
 major
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
 major
San Diego Wild Animal Park
 major
San Diego Zoo
 major
Santa Ana Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
 major
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
 major
St. Augustine Alligator Farm
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Staten Island Zoo
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Toronto Zoo
Tracy Aviary
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Twycross Zoo
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologischer Garten Basel
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Middle America; South America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2006-11-28, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011