Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Charadriidae > Vanellus > Vanellus vanellus
 

Vanellus vanellus (Northern Lapwing)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The northern lapwing (Vanellus vanellus), also known as the peewit, pewit, tuit or tew-it (imitative of its cry), green plover (emphasising the colour of the plumage) or (in the British Isles) just lapwing (which refers to its peculiar, erratic way of flying), is a bird in the lapwing family. It is common through temperate Eurasia. It is a wader which breeds on cultivated land and other short vegetation habitats. 3–4 eggs are laid in a ground scrape. The nest and young are defended noisily and aggressively against all intruders, up to and including horses and cattle.
View Wikipedia Record: Vanellus vanellus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.1281
EDGE Score: 2.40948

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  218 grams
Birth Weight [2]  25.5 grams
Female Maturity [4]  2 years
Male Maturity [4]  2 years
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  100 %
Forages - Ground [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Clutches / Year [6]  1
Incubation [4]  24 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  24 years
Speed [7]  28.63 MPH (12.8 m/s)
Wing Span [7]  30 inches (.75 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Badghyz and Karabil semi-desert Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Tajikistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Corsican montane broadleaf and mixed forests France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Crete Mediterranean forests Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Hengduan Mountains subalpine conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Honshu alpine conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indus Valley desert Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Nenjiang River grassland China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Tibetan Plateau-Kunlun Mountains alpine desert China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nujiang Langcang Gorge alpine conifer and mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Paropamisus xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Siberian forest steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Anatolian montane conifer and deciduous forests Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Suiphun-Khanka meadows and forest meadows China, Russia Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
BRENNE 144090 France  
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Baikalskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 458883 Russia  
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bassigny 194044 France  
Beauce et vallée de la Conie 177306 France  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Camargue 546256 France  
Cap Gris-Nez 138933 France    
Castro Verde 210891 Portugal  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Costa Sudoeste 183883 Portugal  
DEHESAS DE JEREZ 118651 Spain  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Dolina Dolnej Odry 152337 Poland  
Douro Internacional e Vale do Águeda 125502 Portugal  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
GORGES DE LA DORDOGNE 113760 France  
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
Haut Val d'Allier 145560 France  
Hevesi-sík 191445 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
KOILADA ACHELOOU KAI ORI VALTOU 115492 Greece  
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kotlenska Mountain 245286 Bulgaria  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE 135750 Spain  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Les Cévennes 227446 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Ludogorie 225827 Bulgaria  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mourão/Moura/Barrancos 209832 Portugal  
Murgia Alta 311059 Italy  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
PERIOCHI THESSALIKOU KAMPOU 236223 Greece  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pays des Couzes 128132 France  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Petite Beauce 129891 France  
Plateau ardennais 186972 France  
Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau 207644 Bulgaria  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
SIERRA DE GREDOS 213494 Spain  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS 519222 Spain  
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Serra do Gerês 156759 Portugal  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Uckermärkische Seenlandschaft 152532 Germany  
Unteres Elbtal 131510 Germany  
Vale do Guadiana 189151 Portugal  
Vogelschutzgebiet Hellwegbörde 119642 Germany  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Western Balkan 362801 Bulgaria  
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Östliche Kieler Bucht 184563 Germany  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Airag Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Airkhan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Anzali Mordab complex Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Arjan Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Balagansk forest-steppe Russia (Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Boucle de Pose et de Muids France A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Brenne centrale France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Buir Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers France A4iii, B3, C4, C6
Dashinchilen Bayan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Dayan Lake Mongolia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Fereidoonkenar marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Izeh and Sheikho lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys Israel A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Judean foothills Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Khadyn lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i
Khar Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Khar Us Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Khoton-Khorgon Lakes Mongolia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Khukh Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Lake Bibishervan and Lake Eymar Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Lake Uromiyeh Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lower Tumen river Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mongol Daguur Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Ogii Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Suskanski Bay of Kuybyshev Resrvoir Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i
Tashgain Tavan Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake Mongolia A1, A4i
Tolbo Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Tsengeleg Lakes Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Ulziitiin Sangiin Dalai Lake Mongolia A1, A3, A4i
Uvs Lake Mongolia A1, A4i, A4iii
Vallée de l'Aisne France A4i, A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Valley of Zhizdra river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Valleys of Khurkh-Khuiten Rivers Mongolia A1, A4i
Western Negev Israel A1, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2
Zevulun valley Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Japan Japan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Mountains of Southwest China China, Myanmar No

Prey / Diet

Abax pilleri[8]
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)[8]
Baetis scambus[8]
Chorthippus biguttulus (Bow-winged Grasshopper)[8]
Cloeon dipterum (Lake Olive Dun Mayfly)[8]
Cordulegaster boltonii (Golden-ringed Dragonfly)[8]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[9]
Lasius niger (Black garden ant)[8]
Leptophlebia marginata[8]
Limecola balthica (Baltic macoma)[9]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[8]
Peringia ulvae (Laver spire shell)[9]
Phryganea grandis[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrocephalus palustris (Marsh Warbler)2
Aegithalos caudatus (Long-tailed Bushtit)1
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)1
Amaurobius similis (Lace webbed spider)1
Anguis fragilis (Slow Worm)1
Anthus pratensis (Meadow Pipit)2
Anthus spinoletta (Water Pipit)2
Anthus trivialis (Tree Pipit)3
Apodemus flavicollis (Yellow-necked mouse)1
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)1
Apus apus (Common Swift)2
Araneus diadematus (Cross garden spider)1
Araneus quadratus (Spider)1
Argiope bruennichi (Bruennich's garden spider)2
Athene noctua (Little Owl)2
Bufo bufo (Common European toad)2
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)1
Certhia familiaris (Eurasian Treecreeper)1
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)1
Ciconia ciconia (White Stork)2
Ciconia nigra (Black Stork)1
Coloeus monedula (Western Jackdaw)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)1
Corvus corone (Carrion Crow)2
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)1
Delichon urbicum (Northern House Martin)1
Dendrocopos medius (Middle Spotted Woodpecker)1
Dolomedes fimbriatus (Raft Spider)3
Dryocopus martius (Black Woodpecker)1
Dytiscus marginalis (Predaceous diving beetle)1
Emberiza citrinella (Yellowhammer)1
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)1
Erinaceus europaeus (western European hedgehog)1
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)2
Ficedula hypoleuca (European Pied Flycatcher)1
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)2
Hirundo rustica (Barn Swallow)1
Lanius collurio (Red-backed Shrike)4
Lanius excubitor (Northern Shrike)1
Larinioides cornutus (Furrow Orbweaver)1
Locustella naevia (Common Grasshopper Warbler)3
Lophophanes cristatus (European Crested Tit)1
Martes martes (European Pine Marten)1
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)2
Milvus milvus (Red Kite)2
Motacilla cinerea (Grey Wagtail)3
Motacilla flava (Western Yellow Wagtail)2
Muscicapa striata (Spotted Flycatcher)1
Mustela putorius (European Polecat)1
Myodes glareolus (Bank vole)1
Notiophilus biguttatus1
Nucifraga caryocatactes (Spotted Nutcracker)1
Oenanthe oenanthe (Northern Wheatear)3
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)3
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)3
Phoenicurus ochruros (Black Redstart)1
Phoenicurus phoenicurus (Common Redstart)1
Pholcus phalangioides (Long-bodied cellar spider)1
Phylloscopus collybita (Common Chiffchaff)1
Phylloscopus sibillatrix (Wood Warbler)1
Phylloscopus trochilus (Willow Warbler)1
Pica pica (Eurasian Magpie)2
Picus canus (Grey-headed Woodpecker)1
Picus viridis (European Green Woodpecker)1
Pisaura mirabilis (Tent Spider)1
Prunella modularis (Dunnock)1
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)1
Rana temporaria (European frog)1
Rhagio lineola (Small Fleck-winged Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio scolopaceus (Downlooker Snipe Fly)1
Rhagio tringarius (Marsh Snipe Fly)1
Saxicola rubetra (Whinchat)1
Saxicola rubicola (European Stonechat)1
Sialis fuliginosa (Marsh Alderfly)1
Sialis lutaria (Common Alderfly)3
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)1
Sorex araneus (Eurasian shrew)1
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)3
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)1
Sylvia borin (Garden Warbler)1
Sylvia curruca (Lesser Whitethroat)1
Talpa europaea (European Mole)1
Thereva nobilitata (Common Stiletto)1
Trachyzelotes pedestris1
Tringa ochropus (Green Sandpiper)1
Troglodytes troglodytes (Eurasian Wren)2
Turdus torquatus (Ring Ouzel)1
Turdus viscivorus (Mistle Thrush)1
Vespa crabro (European hornet)1
Voria ruralis1
Vulgichneumon saturatorius1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)2
Xysticus cristatus (Wandering Crab Spider)1
Xysticus erraticus1
Zelotes latreillei1
Zootoca vivipara louislantzi (Viviparous Lizard)1

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[9]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amidostomoides henryi <Unverified Name>[10]
Amidostomum acutum[10]
Anacetabulitrema samarae[10]
Anomotaenia charadrii <Unverified Name>[10]
Anomotaenia globulus <Unverified Name>[10]
Anomotaenia microphallos <Unverified Name>[10]
Anomotaenia microrhyncha[10]
Anomotaenia ovifusa <Unverified Name>[10]
Anomotaenia stentorea <Unverified Name>[10]
Apatemon gracilis[10]
Ascaris ensicaudata <Unverified Name>[10]
Ascaris semiteres <Unverified Name>[10]
Atriotrema lecitholaterale[10]
Capillaria vanelli <Unverified Name>[10]
Ceratophyllus borealis[11]
Ceratophyllus garei[11]
Choanotaenia clavigera <Unverified Name>[10]
Choanotaenia microphallos <Unverified Name>[10]
Cosmocephalus capellae <Unverified Name>[10]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyclocoelum microstomum <Unverified Name>[10]
Cyclocoelum obscurum[10]
Cyclocoelum tringae <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplostomum vanelli <Unverified Name>[10]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinocotyle brachycephala[10]
Echinocotyle uralensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium aconiatum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium cinctum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium clerci <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium mordwilkoi <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium paracinctum[10]
Echinoparyphium politum <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[10]
Echinoparyphium sinorchis <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinostoma revolutum[10]
Epomidiostomum orispinum <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucoleus obtusiuscula <Unverified Name>[10]
Eucoleus vanelli <Unverified Name>[10]
Filicollis anatis[10]
Haematotrephus lanceolatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Hyptiasmus arcuatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Hyptiasmus oculeus <Unverified Name>[10]
Leucochloridium actitis <Unverified Name>[10]
Leucochloridium perturbatum[10]
Levinseniella propinqua[10]
Maritrema subdolum[10]
Mediorhynchus papillosus[10]
Microphallus papillorobustus[10]
Neopsylla setosa setosa[11]
Notocotylus attenuatus[10]
Notocotylus linearis <Unverified Name>[10]
Oligorchis paucitesticulatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Parabisaccanthes philactes <Unverified Name>[10]
Plagiorchis nanus[10]
Plagiorhynchus charadrii[10]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[10]
Plagiorhynchus genitopapillatus[10]
Plagiorhynchus gracilis[10]
Polymorphus magnus[10]
Polymorphus strumosoides[10]
Porrocaecum crassum <Unverified Name>[10]
Porrocaecum ensicaudatum[10]
Porrocaecum semiteres <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[10]
Pseudanomotaenia gallinagilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Rusguniella vanelli <Unverified Name>[10]
Spelotrema papillorobusta <Unverified Name>[10]
Sphaerirostris lancea[10]
Streptocara pectinifera <Unverified Name>[10]
Strigea falconis[10]
Tanaisia fedtschenkoi[10]
Tetracotyle ardea <Unverified Name>[10]
Thominx contorta <Unverified Name>[10]
Thominx vanelli <Unverified Name>[10]
Uvitellina adelphus <Unverified Name>[10]
Uvitellina keri <Unverified Name>[10]
Uvitellina tageri <Unverified Name>[10]
Uvitellina vanelli <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Artis Zoo
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Burger's Zoo
Leningrad Zoo - St. Petersburg
Lotherton Bird Garden
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Moscow Zoological Park
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Rotterdam Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Wilhelma Zoo
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6British Trust for Ornithology
7Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
8Ecology of Commanster
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access