Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Charadriidae > Vanellus > Vanellus miles
 

Vanellus miles (Masked Lapwing)

Wikipedia Abstract

The masked lapwing (Vanellus miles), also known as the masked plover and often called the spur-winged plover or just plover in its native range, is a large, common and conspicuous bird native to Australia, particularly the northern and eastern parts of the continent, New Zealand and New Guinea. It spends most of its time on the ground searching for food such as insects and worms and has several distinctive calls.
View Wikipedia Record: Vanellus miles

Infraspecies

Vanellus miles miles
Vanellus miles novaehollandiae (Black-shouldered Lapwing) (Attributes)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.6864
EDGE Score: 2.45843

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  259 grams
Birth Weight [1]  32 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  80 %
Diet - Plants [2]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  10 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [4]  4
Incubation [3]  29 days
Wing Span [5]  31 inches (.8 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Banda Sea Islands moist deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cantebury-Otago tussock grasslands New Zealand Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Ranges xeric scrub Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Eastern Australia mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Einasleigh upland savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Great Sandy-Tanami desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Victoria desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kermadec Islands subtropical moist forests New Zealand Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mitchell grass downs Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nelson Coast temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northland temperate kauri forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Rakiura Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Seram rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Island montane grasslands New Zealand Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tasmanian Central Highland forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Plains tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Westland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Christmas Island National Park II 21698 Christmas Island, Australia
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Currawinya Lakes National Park II 372252 Queensland, Australia
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Girraween National Park II 28978 Queensland, Australia
Grampians National Park II 416373 Victoria, Australia
Hattah-Kulkyne NP and Murray-Kulkyne Park National Park II 122831 Victoria, Australia
Kooragang Nature Reserve IV 8300 New South Wales, Australia  
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
South Taupo Wetland   North Island, New Zealand      
Sundown National Park II 30557 Queensland, Australia
Tongariro National Park II 196174 North Island, New Zealand
Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park II 332429 Northern Territory, Australia
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia
Yathong Nature Reserve Ia 270264 New South Wales, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthoparyphium charadrii <Unverified Name>[6]
Anomotaenia microrhyncha[6]
Brachylaima fuscatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria triloba <Unverified Name>[6]
Maritrema novaezealandense[7]
Monopylidium southwelli <Unverified Name>[6]
Nadejdolepis burgessi <Unverified Name>[6]
Nadejdolepis kinsellai[6]
Plagiorhynchus cylindraceus[7]
Porrocaecum lobibicis <Unverified Name>[6]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[6]
Tetrameres lobibicis <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon Worldmiles
Auckland Zoological Parknovaehollandiae
Audubon Zoomiles
Beale Parkmiles
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
 miles
Blackbutt Reservenovaehollandiae
Brevard Zoomiles
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Burger's Zoomiles
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Parkmiles
Cape May County Park Zoomiles
Central Park Zoo
Cleland Wildlife Parknovaehollandiae
Cologne Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquariummiles
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dallas Zoomiles
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)miles
Disney's Animal Kingdommiles
Ecodrome CV
El Paso Zoo
 miles
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardensmiles
Lotherton Bird Garden
 miles
Miami Metrozoo
 miles
Mill Mountain Zoomiles
Moscow Zoological Park
National Aquarium in Baltimore Incmiles
Niabi Zoo
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkmiles
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.miles
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Phoenix Zoomiles
Riverbanks Zoo and Gardenmiles
Roger Williams Park Zoomiles
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarmiles
San Diego Zoomiles
Sedgwick County Zoomiles
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoomiles
Taronga Zoonovaehollandiae
Toledo Zoological Gardensmiles
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelmiles
Wilhelma Zoo
 miles
Woodland Park Zoological Gardensmiles
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
 miles
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoobotanico de Jerezmiles
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenmiles

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (Tasmania)
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access