Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Charadriidae > Pluvialis > Pluvialis apricaria
 

Pluvialis apricaria (European Golden-Plover; European Golden Plover; Greater Golden-Plover)

Synonyms: Pluvialis apricaria altifrons; Pluvialis apricaria apricaria
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The European Golden Plover (Pluvialis apricaria) is a largish plover. This species is similar to two other golden plovers. American Golden Plover, Pluvialis dominiica, and Pacific Golden Plover, Pluvialis fulva, are both smaller, slimmer and relatively longer-legged than European Golden Plover, and both have grey rather than white axillary feathers (only properly visible in flight).
View Wikipedia Record: Pluvialis apricaria

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  214 grams
Birth Weight [2]  32.8 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Clutch Size [3]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean High Atlas juniper steppe Morocco Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
BRENNE 144090 France  
Bassigny 194044 France  
Beauce et vallée de la Conie 177306 France  
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Bihar 180932 Hungary  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cap Gris-Nez 138933 France    
Castro Verde 210891 Portugal  
Costa Sudoeste 183883 Portugal  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Delta de l'Ebre 119562 Spain  
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Dolina Srodkowej Warty 141108 Poland  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Frostvikenfjällen 231768 Sweden  
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Hevesi-sík 191445 Hungary  
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA 868904 Finland  
KOITELAINEN 120928 Finland  
Kevo 176448 Finland  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA 654562 Finland  
LA NAVA-CAMPOS NORTE 135750 Spain  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS 379806 Spain  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lasy Puszczy nad Drawa 470190 Poland  
Långfjället-Städjan-Nipfjället 231784 Sweden  
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
MONTES DE TOLEDO 538722 Spain  
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Marsfjället 212792 Sweden  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Monti Nebrodi 173651 Italy  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mourão/Moura/Barrancos 209832 Portugal  
Muddus 124105 Sweden  
Murgia Alta 311059 Italy  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North-east Greenland National Park II 237590314 Greenland
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Inska 216738 Poland  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
POMOKAIRA 228222 Finland  
PULJUN ERÄMAA 139246 Finland  
Padjelanta 493958 Sweden  
Pallas-Ounastunturi 146845 Finland  
Pape 127946 Latvia      
Pays des Couzes 128132 France  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pessinki fjällurskog 240249 Sweden  
Petite Beauce 129891 France  
PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA 362835 Finland  
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Ria de Aveiro 127029 Portugal  
Rogen 121145 Sweden  
SIERRA DE GUADARRAMA 170724 Spain  
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Sjaunja 695284 Sweden  
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS 344575 Spain  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Tavvavuoma 133292 Sweden  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ujscie Odry i Zalew Szczecinski 130007 Poland  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Unteres Elbtal 131510 Germany  
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR 159079 Spain  
VALLES DEL VOLTOYA Y EL ZORITA 122007 Spain  
Vale do Guadiana 189151 Portugal  
Vardo- Laster- och Fjällfjällen 262367 Sweden  
Vindelfjällen 1370631 Sweden  
Vogelschutzgebiet Hellwegbörde 119642 Germany  
Vålådalen 299933 Sweden  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Östliche Kieler Bucht 184563 Germany  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Abberton Reservoir United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, C3, C4, C6
Airds Moss and Muirkirk Uplands United Kingdom B2, C6
Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay United Kingdom A4iii, B2, C4, C6
Balta Albă: Amara: Jirlău Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bay of Lommabukten Sweden A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Bay of Lundåkrabukten Sweden B1i, C2, C3
Bodmin Moor United Kingdom B1i, B2, C2, C6  
Breydon Water United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C4, C6  
Cahore marshes Ireland B1i, B2, C2, C3
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands United Kingdom B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Câmpia Crişurilor Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Connemara Bogs (south-east), including Roundstone Bog Ireland A4iii, C4, C6
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Dealurile Homoroadelor Romania C1, C4, C6
Dråby Vig and Buksør Odde Denmark B1i, C2
Dungeness To Pett Levels United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Eastern part of Vejlerne Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord France A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Firth of Forth United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Glomstrup Vig, Agerø, Munkholm and Katholm Odde, Lindholm, and Rotholme Denmark A4iii, B1i, C2, C4
Hamford Water United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Hardangervidda Norway A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Humber Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Käsivarsi fjelds Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Kevo Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Kvarkush and Zolotoy Kamen' ridges Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lacurile Fălticeni Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Lake Ånnsjön-Storlien Sweden A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Lapland Biosphere Reserve Russia (European) A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lavassaare Estonia A4i, B1i, C2, C6
Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju Finland A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lewis Peatlands United Kingdom B1i, B2, B3, C3, C6  
Liasnaja Belarus A1, B1i
Lindisfarne United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lough Foyle and River Foyle United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lough Neagh and Lough Beg United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lower Derwent Valley United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Marimetsa-Õmma Estonia C6
Mersey Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Mid-Essex Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Middagsfjället: Dörrshöjden Sweden A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds Romania C1, C4, C6
Morecambe Bay United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Muraka Estonia C6  
Nätsi-Võlla Estonia A4i, B1i, C2, C6
North Norfolk Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
North Pennine Moors United Kingdom B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
North Yorkshire Moors United Kingdom C6
Northwestern Kattegat Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Odense Fjord Denmark A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Outer Ards United Kingdom A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Padule e Tombolo di Bolgheri Italy C6
Pallas and Ylläs fjelds Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Peak District Moors United Kingdom B1i, B3, C3, C6
Petite Beauce France B1i, B2, C2, C6
Plateau de Bellefonds France B1i, C2
Polderkomplex Belgium A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Polisto-Lovatskaya mire system Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Råbjerg Mile and surrounding heathlands Denmark C6  
Ribble and Alt Estuaries United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C4
River Shannon callows: Portumna-Athlone Ireland A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Saariselkä and Koilliskaira Finland A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Shannon and Fergus Estuaries Ireland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4
Shilovo flood-plain of Oka river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Sjørring Sø Denmark B1i, C2, C3
Somerset Levels and Moors United Kingdom B1i, B2, C3, C6
Soomaa Estonia A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C6
South Pennine Moors United Kingdom B3, C6
Strangford Lough and islands United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
The Swale United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
The Wash United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Tuhu-Kesu Estonia C6
Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Upper Solway Flats and Marshes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale France B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Verkhnevisherski mountain Russia (European) A3, B2, B3
Vila Fernando Portugal A1, B2, C1, C6
Yorkshire Dale Moorlands United Kingdom B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No

Prey / Diet

Peringia ulvae (Laver spire shell)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Calidris alpina (Dunlin)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)1
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)1
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)1
Recurvirostra avosetta (Pied Avocet)1
Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Amoebotaenia oophorae <Unverified Name>[5]
Anomotaenia globulus <Unverified Name>[5]
Baruscapillaria carbonis <Unverified Name>[5]
Brachylaima fuscatus[5]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[5]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[5]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[5]
Hymenolepis charadrii[5]
Hymenolepis nitida <Unverified Name>[5]
Leucochloridium actitis <Unverified Name>[5]
Maritrema subdolum[5]
Multispinotrema charadrii <Unverified Name>[5]
Notocotylus attenuatus[5]
Nototaenia oophorae[5]
Plagiorchis laricola[5]
Porrocaecum semiteres <Unverified Name>[5]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[5]
Spelotrema papillorobusta <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario

Range Map

Link to Map
North America;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Ruud van Beusekom

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 22-Sep-2011, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Energy flow of a boreal intertidal ecosystem, the Sylt-Rømø Bight, Dan Baird, Harald Asmus, Ragnhild Asmus, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279: 45–61, 2004 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2