Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Scolopacidae > Calidris > Calidris fuscicollis

Calidris fuscicollis (White-rumped Sandpiper)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-rumped sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis) is a small shorebird that breeds in the northern tundra of Canada and Alaska. This bird can be difficult to distinguish from other similar tiny shorebirds; these are known collectively as "peeps" or "stints".
View Wikipedia Record: Calidris fuscicollis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.1664
EDGE Score: 2.49868


Adult Weight [1]  42 grams
Birth Weight [1]  5 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Breeding Habitat [2]  Arctic tundra
Wintering Geography [2]  Southern Cone
Wintering Habitat [2]  Beaches and estuaries, Freshwater lakes and rivers
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Granivore
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  80 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [4]  4
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  1,700,000
Incubation [1]  22 days
Migration [5]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [6]  15 inches (.37 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Davis Highlands tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Arkansas Post National Memorial National Monument V 424 Arkansas, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park II 2716956 Madre de Dios (Puerto Maldonado), Peru  
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Crosswinds Marsh Nature Preserve 1050 Michigan, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Effigy Mounds National Monument V 1296 Iowa, United States
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estación Biológica El Frío 57221 Venezuela  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge IV 21369 Wisconsin, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Laguna del Tigre National Park II 718533 Guatemala  
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Manú National Park II 4213523 Cusco, Peru  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Minsmere to Walberswick Heaths and Marshes 3127 England, United Kingdom
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve 559837 Bolivia  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge VI 23844 Oklahoma, United States
Sandy Point National Wildlife Refuge IV 507 Virgin Islands, United States  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Tawas Point State Park 183 Michigan, United States
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Bahía de Samborombón y Punta Rasa Argentina A1, A4i, A4iii
Bertha's Beach, East Falkland Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4iii
Foxe Basin Islands Canada A4i, A4iii
Laguna Melincué Argentina A1, A4i
Lagune du Havre aux Basques et plage de l'Ouest Canada A4i, A4iii  
Oak Hammock Marsh WMA Canada A4i, A4iii
Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe Brazil A1, A4i, A4iii
Quill Lakes Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Reserva Costa Atlántica de Tierra del Fuego y zonas adyacentes Argentina A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Reserva de Biosfera Albufera de Mar Chiquita Argentina A1, A4i, A4iii
Reserva de Uso Múltiple Bañados del Río Dulce y Laguna Mar Chiquita Argentina A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
San Antonio Oeste Argentina A1, A4i, A4iii
Suroeste Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B4i
Whitewater Lake Canada A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Darina solenoides[7]
Laeonereis acuta[7]
Travisia olens[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Charadrius falklandicus (Two-banded Plover)3
Limosa haemastica (Hudsonian Godwit)1
Micropogonias furnieri (Whitemouth drummer)1


Parasitized by 
Arhythmorhynchus villoti[8]
Nadejdolepis litoralis <Unverified Name>[8]
Nadejdolepis paranitidulans[8]

Range Map

Caribbean; North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Crosswinds Marsh, Wayne County, Michigan
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Tawas Point State Park
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access