Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Scolopacidae > Calidris > Calidris alba
 

Calidris alba (Sanderling)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The sanderling (Calidris alba) is a small wading bird. It is a circumpolar Arctic breeder, and is a long-distance migrant, wintering south to South America, South Europe, Africa, and Australia. It is highly gregarious in winter, sometimes forming large flocks on coastal mudflats or sandy beaches.It is somewhat unlike other sandpipers in appearance, which has led to the suggestion that it should be placed into a monotypic genus Crocethia.
View Wikipedia Record: Calidris alba

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.0112
EDGE Score: 2.39892

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  49 grams
Birth Weight [3]  7 grams
Female Maturity [3]  2 years
Male Maturity [3]  2 years
Clutch Size [4]  4
Clutches / Year [3]  2
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Incubation [3]  27 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  19 years
Migration [1]  Intercontinental
Water Biome [1]  Coastal
Wing Span [5]  14 inches (.35 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arctic desert Norway, Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Bermuda subtropical conifer forests United Kingdom Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Carolines tropical moist forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Carpentaria tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cayos Miskitos-San Andrés and Providencia moist forests Colombia, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Andean dry puna Argentina, Bolivia, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Andean puna Argentina, Bolivia, Peru Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Clipperton Island shrub and grasslands France Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Comoros forests Comoros Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Micronesia tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Fiji tropical dry forests Fiji Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Fiji tropical moist forests Fiji Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Granitic Seychelles forests Seychelles Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Greater Negros-Panay rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Halmahera rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hawaii tropical dry forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Hawaii tropical low shrublands United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Hawaii tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
High Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Huon Peninsula montane rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Sundas deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Low Monte Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Luzon rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar lowland forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar mangroves Madagascar Afrotropic Mangroves
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madagascar succulent woodlands Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magellanic subpolar forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Maldives Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marianas tropical dry forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Mascarene forests France, Mauritius Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mindanao-Eastern Visayas rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests Japan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
New Caledonia dry forests France Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
New Caledonia rain forests France Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico Neotropic Mangroves    
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Hawaii scrub United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Novosibirsk Islands arctic desert Russia Palearctic Tundra
Nullarbor Plains xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Palau tropical moist forests Palau Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Paraná flooded savanna Argentina Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Samoan tropical moist forests Samoa, United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Seram rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Socotra Island xeric shrublands Yemen Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Solomon Islands rain forests Solomon Islands Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeastern Papuan rain forests Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Andean steppe Argentina, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sulawesi lowland rain forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sulu Archipelago rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumba deciduous forests Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Timor and Wetar deciduous forests East Timor, Indonesia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tongan tropical moist forests New Zealand, Tonga Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Trans Fly savanna and grasslands Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tristan Da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Vanuatu rain forests Vanuatu Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Australian Mulga shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Polynesian tropical moist forests United States, Kiribati, New Zealand, Tuvalu Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Windward Islands moist forests Martinique, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yap tropical dry forests Micronesia Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Archipiélago Los Roques National Park 409203 Venezuela    
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Ashmore Reef Commonwealth Marine Reserve 144062 Australia      
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Gorges de la Loire 145350 France  
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Kevo 176448 Finland  
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Noordzeekustzone 305536 Netherlands    
North-east Greenland National Park II 237590314 Greenland
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
PERTUIS CHARENTAIS - ROCHEBONNE 2024431 France  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Quttinirpaaq (Ellesmere Island) National Park Reserve II 9436606 Nunavut, Canada
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Sokhondinskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 521363 Chita, Russia
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Al Batinah coast Oman A4i, B1i    
Amansuri wetland Ghana A4i
Anogawa and Shitomogawa estuaries, Toyotsuura Japan A4i
Arquipélago dos Bijagós Guinea-Bissau A4i, A4iii
Baie d'Ad Dakhla Morocco A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Baie de Goulven France A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4  
Banc d'Arguin National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Banzu and Futtsu tidal flat Japan A4i
Barr al Hikman Oman A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Barra del Chuy: La Coronilla Uruguay A4i
Batture Batture aux Alouettes and mouth of Saguenay River Canada A4i
Bazaruto Archipelago Mozambique A4i, A4iii
Blaine Lakes Canada A4i, A4iii
Cahuita, Gandoca-Manzanillo and Migratory Bird Corridor Costa Rica A1, A2, A4i  
Cape Hatteras National Seashore USA A4i
Chaplin Lake Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Chappice Lake Canada A4i
Costa de la Muerte (North coast) Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Dakhla area Morocco A3, A4i
Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Fanø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ferrolterra-Valdoviño coast Spain A4i, B1i, C3, C6  
Goiabal / Piratuba Brazil A2, A4i
Gooseberry Lake Canada A4i
Hochstetter Forland Greenland (to Denmark) A3, A4i, B1i, B3
Humber Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Inner Tokyo bay Japan A4i, A4iii
Kahokugata, Takamatsu coast Japan A1, A4i, A4iii
Khawr Ghawi Oman A4i, B1i
Komaiko coast Japan A4i  
Kujukuri coast Japan A4i
Lagune de Khnifiss Morocco A1, A4i, A4iii  
Manito Lake Area (includes Reflex, Freshwater, Wells, Colette and Cipher Lakes) Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Marais de la Baie d'Audierne France A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C3, C6
McIntyre Beach and Rose Spit Canada A4i  
Metiskow and Sunken Lakes Canada A4i
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Miquelon Lake Canada A4i, A4iii
Morecambe Bay United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Nakdong-gang estuary South Korea A1, A4i, A4iii
Nicoya Gulf mangroves and coastal areas Costa Rica A1, A4i, A4iii
Old Wives-Frederick Lakes Canada A4i, A4iii
Pacuare, coastal wetlands and Migratory Bird Corridor Costa Rica A2, A3, A4i  
Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe Brazil A1, A4i, A4iii
Plage Blanche: Ras Takoumba Morocco A1, A4i  
Reserva de Biosfera RAMSAR Ciénaga Grande, Isla de Salamanca y Sabana Grande Colombia A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ribble and Alt Estuaries United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
San Antonio Oeste Argentina A1, A4i, A4iii
Sandwich Harbour Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii  
Sierra Leone River Estuary Sierra Leone A4i, A4iii
Sounding Lake Canada A4i, A4iii
South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
South coast of Germania Land, and Slaedelandet Greenland (to Denmark) A3, B1i, B2
South Westray Coast United Kingdom C7  
Stafnes-Gardur Iceland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Swansea Bay: Blackpill United Kingdom C7
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
The Wash United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Tonegawa estuary, Hazaki coast Japan A4i
Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Walvis Bay Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii
West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Western part of Germania land Greenland (to Denmark) A3, A4i, B1i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
East Melanesian Islands Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Japan Japan No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
New Caledonia New Caledonia No
Philippines Philippines No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No
Wallacea East Timor, Indonesia No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Anisogammarus confervicolus[6]
Aoplus groenlandicus[7]
Apamea zeta[7]
Archaeomysis vulgaris[7]
Colias hecla (artic sulphur)[7]
Emerita analoga (Pacific sand crab)[7]
Excirolana chiltoni[7]
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)[7]
Hyposoter frigidus[7]
Hyposoter pectinatus[7]
Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)[7]
Nephrotoma lundbecki[7]
Orchestoidea pugettensis[6]
Parasyrphus tarsatus[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas acuta (Northern Pintail)1
Anas crecca carolinensis (American green-winged teal)1
Calidris alpina (Dunlin)2
Calidris mauri (Western Sandpiper)1
Calidris minutilla (Least Sandpiper)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Limnodromus griseus (Short-billed Dowitcher)1
Limosa fedoa (Marbled Godwit)1
Pluvialis squatarola (Grey Plover)1

Predators

Falco columbarius (Merlin)[8]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Actornithophilus umbrinus[9]
Aploparaksis filum[10]
Baylisascaris procyonis[10]
Carduiceps zonarius[9]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinocotyle brachycephala <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinuria uncinata[10]
Eulimdana florencae <Unverified Name>[10]
Kowalewskiella cingulifera <Unverified Name>[10]
Levinseniella bucephala <Unverified Name>[10]
Levinseniella propinqua[10]
Maritrema opisthometra[10]
Maritrema subdolum[10]
Microphallus claviformes[10]
Pachytrema calculus[10]
Parorchis gedoelsti <Unverified Name>[10]
Porrocaecum semiteres <Unverified Name>[10]
Schistorophus skrjabini <Unverified Name>[10]
Sciadiocara umbellifera <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabinoclava albae <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabinoclava bakeri <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabinoclava morrisoni <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabinoclava myersi <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabinoclava tupacincai <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabinoclava vogurensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Stellocaronema skrjabini <Unverified Name>[10]
Trichocephaloides megalocephala <Unverified Name>[10]
Viktorocara limosae <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach
Monterey Bay Aquarium
New England Aquarium
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; North America; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Hickling, R. (Ed.) (1983) Enjoying Ornithology. T & AD Poyser, Calton 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 6Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 8Raptor Predation on Wintering Shorebirds, G. Page and D. F. Whitacre, The Condor, Vol. 77, No. 1 (Spring, 1975), pp. 73-83 9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Ramsar Sites Information Service GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access