Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Recurvirostridae > Recurvirostra > Recurvirostra avosetta
 

Recurvirostra avosetta (Pied Avocet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Pied Avocet, Recurvirostra avosetta, is a large black and white wader in the avocet and stilt family, Recurvirostridae. They breed in temperate Europe and western and Central Asia. It is a migratory species and most winter in Africa or southern Asia. Some remain to winter in the mildest parts of their range, for example in southern Spain and southern England. This species gets its English and scientific names from the Venetian name avosetta.
View Wikipedia Record: Recurvirostra avosetta

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.4871
EDGE Score: 2.44123

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  304 grams
Birth Weight [2]  31.7 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Clutch Size [3]  4
Maximum Longevity [1]  28 years
Migration [4]  Intercontinental

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alashan Plateau semi-desert China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai montane forest and forest steppe China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Mopane woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baluchistan xeric woodlands Pakistan, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Anatolian steppe Turkey Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian riparian woodlands Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Persian desert basins Iran, Afghanistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Zambia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Changbai Mountains mixed forests China, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cyprus Mediterranean forests Cyprus Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Da Hinggan-Dzhagdy Mountains conifer forests China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Daurian forest steppe China, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
East African halophytics Tanzania Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Saharan montane xeric woodlands Chad, Sudan Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
East Sudanian savanna Chad, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Arc forests Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Gobi desert steppe China, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Miombo woodlands Tanzania, Mozambique Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic Zimbabwe, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Eritrean coastal desert Eritrea Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Etosha Pan halophytics Namibia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Gobi Lakes Valley desert steppe Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Great Lakes Basin desert steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Helanshan montane conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Highveld grasslands South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Inner Niger Delta flooded savanna Mali Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Itigi-Sumbu thicket Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Kalahari xeric savanna Botswana, Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh semi-desert Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Kazakh upland Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains alpine meadow Mongolia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Khangai Mountains conifer forests Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lake Chad flooded savanna Nigeria, Chad, Niger Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests Maldives Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mandara Plateau mosaic Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland-Pondoland bushland and thickets South Africa Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Mongolian-Manchurian grassland China, Mongolia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nama Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Qaidam Basin semi-desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qilian Mountains subalpine meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Registan-North Pakistan sandy desert Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Saharan flooded grasslands Sudan Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sayan Alpine meadows and tundra Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Sayan Intermontane steppe Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Sayan montane conifer forests Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Selenge-Orkhon forest steppe Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Serengeti volcanic grasslands Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Malawi montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Mozambique Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Tanzania, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa bushveld Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Miombo woodlands Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Rift montane forest-grassland mosaic Malawi, Tanzania Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwestern Arabian foothills savanna Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tibetan Plateau alpine shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Trans-Baikal conifer forests Russia, Mongolia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Siberian hemiboreal forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Zambezian grasslands Angola, Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Yarlung Tsangpo arid steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zambezian and Mopane woodlands South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, Malawi Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian Cryptosepalum dry forests Zambia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian flooded grasslands Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Zambezian halophytics Mozambique, Botswana Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Alsó-Tisza-völgy 88306 Hungary  
Altaisky Zapovednik Ia 2177587 Altai, Russia
Amboseli National Park National Reserve II 99624 Kenya
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Augrabies Falls National Park II 137301 Northern Cape, South Africa
BRENNE 144090 France  
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Baie du Mont Saint Michel 117800 France  
Bakarlaka 82794 Bulgaria  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Bihar 180932 Hungary  
Borsodi-sík 91542 Hungary  
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
CAMPIÑA SUR - EMBALSE DE ARROYO CONEJOS 111020 Spain  
CAMPIÑAS DE SEVILLA 88303 Spain  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cap Gris-Nez 138933 France    
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Chernye Zemly State Nature Reserve 301224 Kalmykia, Russia
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Daursky Biosphere Reserve 113150 Chita, Russia
Delta de l'Ebre 119562 Spain  
Diawling National Park II 163983 Mauritania  
Dolina Dolnej Wisly 82926 Poland  
Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio 205483 Spain  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Estuário do Tejo 110634 Portugal  
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Horsens Fjord og Endelave 105168 Denmark  
Hortobágy 298489 Hungary  
Hortobágy National Park II 140004 Hungary  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Hwange National Park II 3651385 Zimbabwe  
IJsselmeer 279946 Netherlands    
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Kalahari Gemsbok National Park II 2382284 Northern Cape, South Africa
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Katavi National Park II 1054210 Tanzania
Khakassia State Nature Reserve 661168 Khakassia, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Kura kurgu 476839 Estonia  
LAGUNAS DE VILLAFÁFILA 80430 Spain  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
LLANOS Y COMPLEJO LAGUNAR DE LA ALBUERA 89865 Spain  
Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines d'Anjou et de Touraine 108620 France  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Lake Manyara National Park II 78767 Tanzania  
Lake Orumieh National Park 1113473 Iran  
Lillebælt 86610 Denmark  
Læsø, sydlige del 253812 Denmark    
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Marakele National Park II 163507 Limpopo, South Africa
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Nechisar National Park II 256137 Ethiopia  
Noordzeekustzone 305536 Netherlands    
PLAINE DU FOREZ 81144 France  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Randers og Mariager Fjorde og Ålborg Bugt, sydlige del 96423 Denmark  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Ria de Aveiro 127029 Portugal  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shushensky Bor National Park 96791 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sikhote-Alin Biosphere Reserve 991950 Primorsky Krai, Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Smålandshavet nord for Lolland 102895 Denmark  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Sydfynske Øhav 111163 Denmark  
TIERRA DE CAMPIÑAS 344575 Spain  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR 159079 Spain  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
West Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 3854844 Estonia  
Östliche Kieler Bucht 184563 Germany  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Abijatta: Shalla Lakes National Park Ethiopia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Acigöl lake Turkey A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Aftout es Sâheli Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Alcázar de San Juan-Quero endorreic lagoons Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Alde: Ore Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Alyki Kitros lagoon Greece A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Ameland: Duinen-Oerd Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes) China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Argentario, Orbetello Lagoon and Burano Lake Italy A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C4, C6
Atanasovsko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Axios, Loudias, and Aliakmon estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Azraq Jordan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bahr Al Milh Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Baie de Vilaine France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4
Balgzand Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Bay of Lommabukten Sweden A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Bay of Skälderviken Sweden A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B1iv, B2, B3, C3, C4, C5, C6
Båtafjorden fjord Sweden B3, C6
Büyük Menderes delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Becej fish-pond Serbia A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Bolluk lake Turkey A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Cagliari wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Carmel coast Israel A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2  
Castro Marim Portugal A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Cádiz bay Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cervia saltpans Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Chott Boul Mauritania A1, A4i, A4iii
Coastal areas of eastern Öland island Sweden A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Coastal areas of eastern Gotland island Sweden A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6    
Comana Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde France A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex Romania A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Deben Estuary United Kingdom C6
Delta du Saloum Senegal A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Diawling National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir) Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2  
Djoudj wetlands Senegal A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Dollard Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Duqm Oman A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Eastern part of Vejlerne Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Ebro delta Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
El Hito Spain A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6
El Hondo wetland Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
El Malaha Egypt A4i, A4iii  
Eregli plain Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Estuaire de la Charente France B1i, B2, C3, C6
Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc France B2, C6
Estuaire de la Loire France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Etang de Thau France A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos France A4i, B1i, C2, C3, C6
Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme France A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Etangs Montpellierains France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Evros delta Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Exe Estuary United Kingdom A4iii, B2, C4, C6
False Bay Park (proposed) South Africa A1, A4i, A4iii
Falsterbo-Bay of Foteviken Sweden A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3, C2, C3, C5, C6
Frisian Wadden Sea coast Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Gallikos estuary and Kalohori lagoon Greece A1, A4i, B1i, B3, C1, C2, C6
Gallocanta lake Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Getterön Sweden B1i, B3, C2, C3, C6
Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Grevelingen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Groningen Wadden Sea coast Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Guadalquivir marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons Senegal A4i
Hamford Water United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3
Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Hamun-i-Puzak Afghanistan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Harboøre Tange, Plet Enge & Gjeller Sø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4  
Haringvliet Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Haur Al Haushiya Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Haur Al Suwayqiyah Iraq A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Haur Uwainah Iraq A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Hilleh Protected Area Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Ho Bugt meadows Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C4
Horeh Bamdej Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Humber Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ianca: Plopul: Sărat Romania C1, C2, C6
Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ilfov reservoir Romania C1, C2, C3, C4
Inner Deep Bay and Shenzhen River catchment area Hong Kong A1, A4i, A4iii
Irbe strait Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Izeh and Sheikho lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, A4iii, B1i
Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Kahtla-Kübassaare Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Kallonis gulf Greece A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Karala-Pilguse Estonia A4i, B1i, C2, C6  
Karavasta Lagoon Albania A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site Ghana A4i, A4iii
Kiziltash limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Konkouré Guinea A4i, A4iii
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Krekengebied Belgium A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk Belgium A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C6
Kulu lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Kurumbel'skaya steppe Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i
Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman Ukraine A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Beibugeac (Plopu) Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Burullus Protected Area Egypt A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Dunăreni Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Elmenteita Kenya A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Lake Eyasi Tanzania A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Kerkini Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake Kitangire Tanzania A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Maharlu Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Manyara National Park Tanzania A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Manzala Egypt A1, A4i, A4iii  
Lake Mitrikou (Ismarida) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lake St Lucia and Mkuze swamps South Africa A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake system near Lotoshnoye village Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Lake Tataru Romania C1, C2, C6
Lake Uromiyeh Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Lake Volkerak Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lakes Khortaro and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen, and Fakos peninsula Greece A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6  
Lakes Volvi-Langada (or Koronia-Ag. Vasiliou) and Rentina Gorge (or Makedonika Tempi) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lauwersmeer Netherlands A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6  
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Berg river wetlands South Africa A4i, A4iii
Lower Tisza Valley Hungary A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Maglavit Romania C1, C2, C4, C6
Makgadikgadi Pans Botswana A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Mandra-Poda complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Mar Menor coastal lagoon Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban France A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Marais et forêt d'Olonne France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Marais Larache Morocco A1, A4i  
Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Marais salants de Noirmoutier France B1i, B3, C2, C6
Markiezaat Netherlands B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Marmara lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mata and Torrevieja lagoons Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Medway Estuary and Marshes United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Merja Zerga Morocco A1, A4i, A4iii
Mesolongi and Aetoliko lagoons, and Acheloos and Evinos estuaries Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mid-Essex Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Middle section of river Guadalquivir reservoirs Spain B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Minsmere: Walberswick United Kingdom B3, C6
Molochnyj Liman Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Mondego Estuary Portugal A4i, B1i, C3, C6
Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata Spain A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
North Norfolk Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
North-east Scania coastline and archipelago Sweden A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Northwestern Kattegat Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons Spain A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Oosterschelde Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Oostvaardersplassen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Orange river mouth wetlands South Africa A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Ortazzo and Ortazzino Italy B1i, B2, C2, C6
Palmas Gulf wetlands Italy A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Patoku lagoon Albania A1, A4i, B1i
Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla Spain A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Pedro Muñoz-Manjavacas endorreic lagoons Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Petite Camargue laguno-marine France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Po Delta Italy A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pomorie Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Poole Harbour United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Porto Lagos, Lake Vistonis, and coastal lagoons (Lakes of Thrace) Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord and Jungshoved Nor Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C3, C4
Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona Italy A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Ria de Aveiro Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon) Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C4
Rietvlei Wetland Reserve South Africa A1, A4i
Ringkøbing Fjord Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Roskilde Fjord, Selsø and Kattinge Søerne Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sabkhat al-Fasl lagoons Saudi Arabia A4i, A4iii, B1i
Sado estuary Portugal A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Salinas de Alverca e do Forte da Casa Portugal B2, C6
Salines de l'Etang de Berre France C6
Salines de Thyna Tunisia A4i, A4iii
Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Saltbæk Vig Denmark B1i, B3, C3  
Saltholm Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C4
Samsam lake Turkey B1i
Sandveld and Bloemhof Dam Nature Reserves South Africa A1, A4i
Sandwich Harbour Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii  
Santa Pola salt-pans Spain A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Schorren en Polder van de Beneden-Schelde Belgium A4i, A4iii, B1i, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sebkha d'Oran Algeria A1, A4i
Sebkhet Kelbia Tunisia A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Sebkhet Sidi Mansour Tunisia A1, A3, A4i
Seyfe lake Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Seyhan delta Turkey A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shagany-Alibej-Burnas lake-system Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Sinis and Oristano wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Siverga lake Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Slano kopovo Serbia B1iv, B2, B3
Smålandsfarvandet Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Songor Ramsar Site Ghana A4i, A4iii
South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen Austria A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Sperchios valley and delta-Maliakos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C4, C6
Spitskop Dam South Africa A1, A4i
Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Suhaia Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Swartkops estuary, Redhouse and Chatty saltpans South Africa A1, A4i, A4iii
Sydfynske Ø-hav Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tamar Estuaries Complex United Kingdom B2, C6
Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Tejo estuary Portugal A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Tersakan lake Turkey A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Terschelling: De Boschplaat Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Thames Estuary and Marshes United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
The Swale United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
The Wash United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Tuz lake Turkey A1, A4i, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3
Ulukhkol' lake Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Uzdin fish-pond Serbia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Vadehavet (Wadden Sea) Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B3, C1, C2, C3, C5, C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Venice lagoon Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Verlorenvlei South Africa A4i
Villafáfila Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Voshmigir dam Iran, Islamic Republic of A4i, B1i
Wadden Sea Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4  
Walvis Bay Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii
Wenzhou Wan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Westerschelde and Saeftinghe Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Westplaat Netherlands B1i, B3, C3, C6
Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Workumerwaard Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Yatata Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Yeiski salt-lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Yueqing Wan China (mainland) A1, A4i, A4iii
Yumurtalik lagoons Turkey A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Zevulun valley Israel A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Zoommeer Netherlands B1i, B3, C2, C3, C6
Zwin Belgium B1i, B3, C3, C6  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania No
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No
Philippines Philippines No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Corophium volutator (mud shrimp)[5]
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)[5]
Peringia ulvae (Laver spire shell)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Aphanius iberus (Spanish Toothcarp)1
Calidris alpina (Dunlin)3
Calidris pusilla (Semipalmated Sandpiper)1
Carcinus maenas (green crab)1
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)1
Hediste diversicolor (veelkleurige zeeduizendpoot)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)2
Larus canus (Mew Gull)2
Limosa lapponica (Bar-tailed Godwit)1
Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit)1
Platichthys flesus (North Atlantic flounder)1
Pluvialis apricaria (European Golden-Plover)1
Pomatoschistus microps (Common goby)2
Pomatoschistus minutus (freckled goby)1
Tadorna tadorna (Common Shelduck)3

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acoleus meridionalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Acoleus vaginatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Amidostomoides petrovi <Unverified Name>[6]
Anomotaenia nov. <Unverified Name>[6]
Atriotrema lecitholaterale <Unverified Name>[6]
Avocettolepis vaginata <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria limicolae <Unverified Name>[6]
Chevreuxia revoluta <Unverified Name>[6]
Cryptocotyle concava[6]
Cryptocotyle lingua[6]
Cyclocoelum mutabile[6]
Cyclocoelum obscurum[6]
Diplophallus polymorphus[6]
Echinocotyle nitida <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinocotyle tenuis <Unverified Name>[6]
Echinoparyphium aconiatum <Unverified Name>[6]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[6]
Eurycestus avoceti <Unverified Name>[6]
Flamingolepis dolguschini <Unverified Name>[6]
Himantocestus blanksoni <Unverified Name>[6]
Himasthla militaris[6]
Hymenolepis glandularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis himantopodis <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis innominata <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis recurvirostrae <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis tsengi <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis vaginata <Unverified Name>[6]
Levinseniella propinqua[6]
Maritrema subdolum[6]
Microphallus claviformes[6]
Microphallus papillorobustus[6]
Notocotylus attenuatus[6]
Parvatrema isostoma <Unverified Name>[6]
Plagiorchis nanus[6]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia polymorpha <Unverified Name>[6]
Taenia recurvirostrae <Unverified Name>[6]
Thominx contorta <Unverified Name>[6]
Wardium himantopodis[6]
Wardium recurvirostrae[6]
Wardium tsengi[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Artis Zoo
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardens
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Burger's Zoo
Central Park Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
L'Oceanografic
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Lotherton Bird Garden
Moscow Zoological Park
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
Olmense Zoo
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseaux