Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Recurvirostridae > Himantopus > Himantopus mexicanus

Himantopus mexicanus (Black-necked Stilt; Hawaiian Stilt)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) is a locally abundant shorebird of American wetlands and coastlines. It is found from the coastal areas of California through much of the interior western United States and along the Gulf of Mexico as far east as Florida, then south through Central America and the Caribbean to northwest Brazil southwest Peru, east Ecuador and the Galápagos Islands.
View Wikipedia Record: Himantopus mexicanus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.57268
EDGE Score: 2.25891


Adult Weight [1]  186 grams
Birth Weight [1]  14 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Breeding Habitat [2]  Freshwater marshes, Saline lakes
Wintering Geography [2]  Widespread
Wintering Habitat [2]  Wetlands, Agricultural
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  100 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  100 %
Clutch Size [1]  4
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  900,000
Incubation [1]  25 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  19 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hawaii tropical dry forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Hawaii tropical low shrublands United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Hawaii tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument V 4731 Nebraska, United States
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Île-à-Vache   Haiti  
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Morongo Canyon Preserve Area of Critical Environmental Concern V 3906 California, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Biscayne National Park II 11085 Florida, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Capital Reef National Park II 243722 Utah, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Coachella Valley Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 8106 California, United States
Cordillera Azul National Park 3367365 Huanuco, Peru  
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Creighton Ranch Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3275 California, United States  
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Ia   Idaho, United States
Dos Palmas Preserve   California, United States    
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Jocotal Lagoon Wildlife Refuge 1863 El Salvador  
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Matanzas National Monument III 269 Florida, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Gray Lodge State Wildlife Area State Wildlife Management Area IV 8471 California, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Jepson Prairie Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 1553 California, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kern River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 834 California, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Laguna del Tigre National Park II 718533 Guatemala  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Maya Multiple Use Area 1156412 Guatemala  
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Nancuchiname Forest Wildlife Refuge 3112 El Salvador  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Paine Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 2965 California, United States    
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pixley Vernal Pools Preserve 37 California, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge VI 23844 Oklahoma, United States
San Diego y La Barra National Park 5612 El Salvador  
Sandy Point National Wildlife Refuge IV 507 Virgin Islands, United States  
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument V 3049 Arizona, United States
Tikal National Park II 142943 Guatemala
Tomales Bay State Park 1659 California, United States
Vic Fazio Yolo Wildlife Area Wildlife Refuge   California, United States
Vina Plains Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2056 California, United States
Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve 15148 Virgin Islands, United States  
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States


Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Jobos Bay Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2, A4iii, B4i
Salton Sea USA A4i
Suroeste Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States No


Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[4]


Parasitized by 
Acoleus vaginatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillaria contorta <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillaria mergi <Unverified Name>[5]
Capillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[5]
Chevreuxia americana <Unverified Name>[5]
Chevreuxia revoluta <Unverified Name>[5]
Cloacitrema michiganensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Cyclocoelum lanceolatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Davainea himantopodis <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplophallus polymorphus[5]
Eurycestus avoceti <Unverified Name>[5]
Eustrongylides mergorum <Unverified Name>[5]
Hofmonostomum himantopodis[5]
Hymenolepis himantopodis <Unverified Name>[5]
Hymenolepis tsengi <Unverified Name>[5]
Infula macrophallus <Unverified Name>[5]
Paramonostomum himantopidis <Unverified Name>[5]
Parastrigea mexicanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Tanaisia fedtschenkoi[5]
Tropisurus nouveli <Unverified Name>[5]
Zygocotyle lunata[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Apenheul Primate Park
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoo
Copenhagen Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark Emmen
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Florida Aquarium
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Jackson Zoological Park
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Louisville Zoological Garden
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Miller Park Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Monterey Bay Aquarium
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Osaka Municipal Tennoji Zool. Gdns.
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Phoenix Zoo
Rostock Zoologischer Garten
South Carolina Aquarium
The Philadelphia Zoo
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tracy Aviary
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wildlife World Zoo
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Landau in der Pfalz
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoological Society of London
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH

Range Map

North America;


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Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Juan Pablo Culasso



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2