Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Scolopacidae > Phalaropus > Phalaropus lobatus
 

Phalaropus lobatus (Red-necked Phalarope)

Synonyms: Lobipes lobatus
Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus) is a small wader. This phalarope breeds in the Arctic regions of North America and Eurasia. It is migratory, and, unusually for a wader, winters at sea on tropical oceans.
View Wikipedia Record: Phalaropus lobatus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
20
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
38
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 15.6819
EDGE Score: 2.81432

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  37 grams
Birth Weight [3]  6.3 grams
Female Weight [2]  39 grams
Male Weight [2]  35 grams
Weight Dimorphism [2]  11.4 %
Female Maturity [4]  1 year
Male Maturity [4]  1 year
Clutch Size [6]  4
Clutches / Year [5]  1
Incubation [5]  19 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  10 years
Migration [1]  Intercontinental
Speed [7]  29.30 MPH (13.1 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds
Wing Span [7]  13 inches (.34 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Aleutian Islands tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Arctic coastal tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra    
Arctic desert Norway, Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Arctic foothills tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Bohai Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas  
Brooks-British Range tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Ranges xeric scrub Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Davis Highlands tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Faroe Islands boreal grasslands Denmark Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hainan Island monsoon rain forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kamchatka-Kurile taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Kola Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Low Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Middle Arctic tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian coastal tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Northwest Territories taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Ogilvie-MacKenzie alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
Simpson desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Taiwan monsoon rain forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taimyr-Central Siberian tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Taiwan subtropical evergreen forests Taiwan Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Torngat Mountain tundra Canada Nearctic Tundra
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
West Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Yamal-Gydan tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Yellow Sea saline meadow China Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Badghyz Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 215164 Turkmenistan  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Camargue 546256 France  
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Darvinsky Zapovednik Ia 278421 Yaroslavl, Vologda, Russia
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Frostvikenfjällen 231768 Sweden  
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Hor al Hammar Marshes Protected Area 667185 Iraq  
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA 868904 Finland  
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA 654562 Finland  
LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO 706697 Finland  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNI KERKINI - KROUSIA - KORYFES OROUS BELES, ANGISTRO - CHAROPO 193493 Greece  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lake Torne Area Biosphere Reserve 238457 Sweden  
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Långfjället-Städjan-Nipfjället 231784 Sweden  
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Marsfjället 212792 Sweden  
Merenkurkun saaristo 316695 Finland    
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
North-east Greenland National Park II 237590314 Greenland
Northern Karelian Biosphere Reserve 864869 Finland  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
POMOKAIRA 228222 Finland  
Padjelanta 493958 Sweden  
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Pessinki fjällurskog 240249 Sweden  
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA 362835 Finland  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park National Marine Conservation Area II 310822 Canada
Serengeti-Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve 5696026 Tanzania  
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sjaunja 695284 Sweden  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya
Tuktut Nogait National Park II 5761538 Northwest Territories, Canada
UK-PUISTO-SOMPIO-KEMIHAARA 765461 Finland  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
Vardo- Laster- och Fjällfjällen 262367 Sweden  
Vindelfjällen 1370631 Sweden  
Vålådalen 299933 Sweden  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wasur-Rawa Biru National Park 605464 Papua, Indonesia  
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Ib 2476446 Alaska, United States
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Babushkina bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Black Sea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Broadhaven, Blacksod and Tullaghan Bays and parts of the Mullet peninsula Ireland A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6  
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Dvuob'ye Russia (Central Asian) A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Fetlar United Kingdom A4iii, C4, C6  
Käsivarsi fjelds Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Kevo Finland A3, B2, B3, C2, C6
Killarney, Dillberry and Leane Lakes Canada A4iii
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Lake Ånnsjön-Storlien Sweden A1, A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Lake Tjålmejaure-Laisdalen valley Sweden A3, B2, C6
Lapland Biosphere Reserve Russia (European) A3, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires Finland A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju Finland A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Lesser Aral Sea Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Lover Ob' Russia (Central Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii
Manito Lake Area (includes Reflex, Freshwater, Wells, Colette and Cipher Lakes) Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Middle reaches of Bolshaya Rogovaya river Russia (European) A1, A3, B2
Nunaluk Spit to Herschel Island Canada A4i, A4iii  
Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira Finland A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Quill Lakes Canada A1, A4i, A4iii
Quoddy Region Canada A4i, A4iii
Ras al Hadd Oman A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3  
Saariselkä and Koilliskaira Finland A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sammutinjänkä-Vaijoenjänkä Finland A3, B2, C7
Syrdarya Delta Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A4i, A4iii
Taavavuoma Sweden A3, B2, C6
Tounsor Hollow Lakes Kazakhstan A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Vindelfjällen mountains (including Lake Tärnasjön) Sweden A3, B2, C6
West Coast of Benbecula United Kingdom A1, B2, C1, C2, C6

Prey / Diet

Artemia salina (sea monkeys)[8]
Modiolus sacculifer (bag horsemussel)[9]
Phalaropus lobatus (Red-necked Phalarope)[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Calidris alpina (Dunlin)1
Calidris ferruginea (Curlew Sandpiper)1
Limicola falcinellus (Broad-billed Sandpiper)1
Limosa limosa (Black-tailed Godwit)1
Phalaropus tricolor (Wilson's Phalarope)1
Podiceps nigricollis (Eared Grebe)1
Tringa totanus (Common Redshank)1

Predators

Buteo lagopus (Rough-legged Hawk)[9]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[9]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[9]
Falco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)[9]
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)[9]
Phalaropus lobatus (Red-necked Phalarope)[9]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anomolepis averini <Unverified Name>[10]
Anomotaenia globulus <Unverified Name>[10]
Anomotaenia nymphaea <Unverified Name>[10]
Aploparaksis daviesi <Unverified Name>[10]
Aploparaksis filum[10]
Arhythmorhynchus petrotschenkoi[10]
Cosmocephalus capellae <Unverified Name>[10]
Dichoanotaenia bacilligera <Unverified Name>[10]
Dichoanotaenia gallinagilis <Unverified Name>[10]
Diplotriaena attenuatoverrucosa <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinocotyle dubininae[10]
Echinocotyle tenuis <Unverified Name>[10]
Echinocotyle uralensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Eulimdana pseudolari <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis crassirostris <Unverified Name>[10]
Hymenolepis tenuis <Unverified Name>[10]
Lepisorus mucronatus (Needle fern)[10]
Leucochloridium actitis <Unverified Name>[10]
Leucochloridium perturbatum[10]
Microphallus papillorobustus[10]
Notocotylus attenuatus[10]
Notocotylus linearis <Unverified Name>[10]
Paramonostomum bucephalae[10]
Plagiorchis elegans[10]
Plagiorchis laricola[10]
Plagiorchis morosovi <Unverified Name>[10]
Plagiorchis nanus[10]
Plagiorchis triangularis <Unverified Name>[10]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[10]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[10]
Syngamus anterogonimus <Unverified Name>[10]
Tanaisia fedtschenkoi[10]
Tetrameres dubia <Unverified Name>[10]
Trichocephaloides megalocephala <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Monterey Bay Aquarium

Range Map

North America; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2Higgins, PJ and Davies, SJJF (Eds). (1996). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand & Antarctic Birds. Vol. 3, Snipe to Pigeons. Oxford University Press, Melbourne 3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5British Trust for Ornithology 6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 7Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 8HABITAT USE AND DIET SELECTION OF NORTHWARD MIGRATING WADERS IN THE SIVASH (UKRAINE): THE USE OF BRINE SHRIMP ARTEMIA SALINA IN A VARIABLY SALINE LAGOON COMPLEX, YVONNE VERKUIL, TOM M. VAN DER HAVE, JAN VAN DER WINDEN & IOSIF I. CHERNICHKO, ARDEA 91(1), 2003, pp. 71-83 9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access