Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Larus > Larus dominicanus
 

Larus dominicanus (Kelp Gull)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The kelp gull (Larus dominicanus), also known as the Dominican gull, is a gull which breeds on coasts and islands through much of the southern hemisphere. The nominate L. d. dominicanus is the subspecies found around South America, parts of Australia (where it overlaps with the Pacific gull), and New Zealand (where it is known as the southern black-backed gull or by its Māori name karoro). L. d. vetula (known as the Cape gull) is a subspecies occurring around southern Africa. The specific name comes from the Dominican Order of friars, who wear black and white habits.
View Wikipedia Record: Larus dominicanus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
0
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
5
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 1.27176
EDGE Score: 0.820557

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.07 lbs (941 g)
Birth Weight [2]  84.2 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.83 lbs (832 g)
Male Weight [1]  2.31 lbs (1.05 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  26.2 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Ectothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Endothermic [3]  20 %
Diet - Fish [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  50 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  50 %
Clutch Size [2]  2
Incubation [4]  27 days
Wing Span [4]  4.4 feet (1.35 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    
Arnhem Land tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Atacama desert Chile Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cantebury-Otago tussock grasslands New Zealand Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Chilean matorral Chile Neotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kermadec Islands subtropical moist forests New Zealand Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Nelson Coast temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northland temperate kauri forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Rakiura Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scotia Sea Islands tundra United Kingdom Antarctic Tundra    
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
South Island montane grasslands New Zealand Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    
Southland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tasmanian Central Highland forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tristan Da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Valdivian temperate forests Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Westland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Addo Elephant National Park II 348463 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Bayhead Natural Heritage Site   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Bosques Petrificados Monumental Natural National Monument III 151218 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Arrayanes National Park II   Neuquen, Argentina  
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Palmer LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Antarctica    
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael National Park II 4560904 Aisén, Chile  
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile
South Taupo Wetland   North Island, New Zealand      
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Tongariro National Park II 196174 North Island, New Zealand
Treasure Beach Nature Reserve   Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umgeni River Provincial Nature Reserve 2372 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
Umhlanga Lagoon Provincial Nature Reserve 95 Kwazulu Natal, South Africa  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
Wilderness National Park II 5929 Western Cape, South Africa  
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
30-Kilometre Beach: Walvis: Swakopmund Namibia A1, A4i
Algoa Bay Island Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Cape Cross lagoon Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii
Comodoro Rivadavia Argentina A1, A4i
Complejo Islote Lobos Argentina A1, A4i    
Dassen Island South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Dyer Island Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
False Bay Park (proposed) South Africa A1, A4i, A4iii
Heuningnes river and estuary system South Africa A1, A4i
Lüderitz Bay islands Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii
Lower Berg river wetlands South Africa A4i, A4iii
Mile 4 saltworks Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii
Namib-Naukluft Park Namibia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Orange river mouth wetlands South Africa A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Possession Island Namibia A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Prince Edward Islands Special Nature Reserve South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Rietvlei Wetland Reserve South Africa A1, A4i
Sandwich Harbour Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii  
Sperrgebiet Namibia A1, A2, A3, A4i
Swartkops estuary, Redhouse and Chatty saltpans South Africa A1, A4i, A4iii
Walvis Bay Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii
West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands South Africa A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Chilean Winter Rainfall-Valdivian Forests Chile No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
New Zealand New Zealand No
Southwest Australia Australia No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Anasterias rupicola[5]
Concholepas concholepas (Chilean abalone)[6]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[5]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[7]
Exosphaeroma gigas[5]
Fissurella limbata[6]
Gaimardia trapesina[5]
Haploblepharus edwardsii (Puffadder shyshark)[5]
Harpagifer georgianus (S. Georgia spiny plunderfish)[5]
Hemiarthrum setulosum[5]
Jassa falcata (Mottled tube-making amphipod)[5]
Kidderia minuta[5]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[5]
Laevilitorina caliginosa[5]
Lasaea consanguinea[5]
Notothenia coriiceps (Black rockcod)[5]
Parachaenichthys georgianus (Antarctic dragonfish)[5]
Paranotothenia magellanica (Orange throat notothen)[5]
Platynereis australis[5]
Santia bicornis[5]
Scurria scurra[6]
Siphonaria lateralis[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aphrodroma brevirostris (Kerguelen Petrel)1
Aptenodytes forsteri (Emperor Penguin)1
Arctocephalus gazella (Antarctic Fur Seal)1
Cinclodes nigrofumosus (Chilean Seaside Cinclodes)1
Daption capense (Cape Petrel)1
Dissostichus eleginoides (Patagonsky klykach)1
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)1
Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni Penguin)1
Fulmarus glacialoides (Southern Fulmar)1
Gymnoscopelus braueri (Lanternfish)1
Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Nichol's lanternfish)1
Halobaena caerulea (Blue Petrel)1
Lagenorhynchus cruciger (Hourglass Dolphin)1
Lepidonotothen squamifrons (Grey rockcod)1
Lobodon carcinophaga (Crabeater Seal)1
Macronectes giganteus (Southern Giant Petrel)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Mirounga leonina (Southern Elephant Seal)1
Oceanites oceanicus (Wilson's Storm-Petrel)1
Pachyptila desolata (Antarctic Prion)1
Pachyptila turtur (Fairy Prion)1
Pagodroma nivea (Snow Petrel)1
Phoebetria palpebrata (Light-mantled Albatross)1
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)1
Pygoscelis adeliae (Adelie Penguin)1
Pygoscelis antarcticus (Chinstrap Penguin)1
Pygoscelis papua (Gentoo Penguin)1
Stercorarius maccormicki (South Polar Skua)1
Sterna vittata (Antarctic Tern)1
Thalassarche chrysostoma (Grey-headed Albatross)1
Thalassarche melanophris (Black-browed Albatross)1
Thalassoica antarctica (Antarctic Petrel)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Alcataenia dominicana[8]
Ancyracanthopsis winegardi <Unverified Name>[8]
Anomotaenia dominicanus <Unverified Name>[8]
Austromenopon transversum[9]
Bartolius pierrei[8]
Brachylecithum lari <Unverified Name>[8]
Branchiopodataenia arctowskii[8]
Corynosoma pseudohamanni[8]
Corynosoma shackletoni[8]
Cosmocephalus obvelatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Cosmocephalus tanakai[8]
Dibothriocephalus dendriticus[8]
Dildotaenia latovarium[8]
Diplostomum dominicanum[8]
Diplostomum minutum[8]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[8]
Echinostoma revolutum[8]
Gymnophallus deliciosus[8]
Hymenolepis semiductilis <Unverified Name>[8]
Maritrema bonaerensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Maritrema orensensis <Unverified Name>[8]
Nadejdolepis alaskensis[8]
Notiopsylla kerguelensis[5]
Notiopsylla kerguelensis kerguelensis[10]
Ornithobilharzia canaliculata[8]
Pachytrema magnum <Unverified Name>[8]
Parapsyllus heardi[10]
Parapsyllus longicornis[10]
Parapsyllus nestoris nestoris[10]
Parorchis acanthus[8]
Pectinospirura argentata <Unverified Name>[8]
Philophthalmus lacrymosus[8]
Profilicollis antarcticus[8]
Profilicollis novaezelandensis[8]
Rissotaenia dominicana <Unverified Name>[8]
Saemundssonia lari[9]
Sciadiocara haematopodi <Unverified Name>[8]
Sciadiocara tarapunga[8]
Skrjabinoclava andersoni <Unverified Name>[8]
Stephanoprora denticulata[8]
Stephanoprora dogieli <Unverified Name>[8]
Stephanoprora uruguayense <Unverified Name>[8]
Tetrabothrius cylindraceus[8]
Wardium semiductilis[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
John Ball Zoological Garden
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Sofia Wasylyk

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Higgins, PJ and Davies, SJJF (Eds). (1996). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand & Antarctic Birds. Vol. 3, Snipe to Pigeons. Oxford University Press, Melbourne
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Predation of marine invertebrates by the kelp gull Larus dominicanus in an undisturbed intertidal rocky shore of central Chile, INGRID BAHAMONDES and JUAN C. CASTILLA, Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 59: 65-72, 1986
7DENSITIES OF ANTARCTIC SEABIRDS AT SEA AND THE PRESENCE OF THE KRILL EUPHAUSIA SUPERBA, BRYAN S. OBST, The Auk 102: 540-549. July 1985
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
10International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2