Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Larus > Larus pacificus
 

Larus pacificus (Pacific Gull)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Pacific gull (Larus pacificus) is a very large gull, native to the coasts of Australia. It is moderately common between Carnarvon in the west, and Sydney in the east, although it has become scarce in some parts of the south-east, as a result of competition from the kelp gull, which has "self-introduced" since the 1940s.
View Wikipedia Record: Larus pacificus

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
2
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
11
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 2.23604
EDGE Score: 1.17435

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.90 lbs (1.31 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  98.4 grams
Male Weight [5]  3.42 lbs (1.55 kg)
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Endothermic [3]  10 %
Diet - Fish [3]  20 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  40 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  30 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  70 %
Clutch Size [2]  2
Incubation [4]  24 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Wing Span [4]  4.8 feet (1.47 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Carnarvon xeric shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Coolgardie woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Esperance mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Eyre and York mallee Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Jarrah-Karri forest and shrublands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Kimberly tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mount Lofty woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Naracoorte woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pilbara shrublands Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southwest Australia savanna Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Australia woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Swan Coastal Plain Scrub and Woodlands Australia Australasia Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Tasmanian Central Highland forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tasmanian temperate rain forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tirari-Sturt stony desert Australia Australasia Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Fitzgerald River National Park II 732417 Western Australia, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Southwest Australia Australia No

Prey / Diet

Clupea harengus (Yawling)[6]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[6]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[6]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[6]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[6]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[6]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[6]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[6]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[6]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Microphallus paragrapsi <Unverified Name>[7]
Parapsyllus australiacus[8]
Quadraceps punctatus[6]
Saemundssonia lari[8]

Range Map

Croajingolong;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Higgins, PJ and Davies, SJJF (Eds). (1996). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand & Antarctic Birds. Vol. 3, Snipe to Pigeons. Oxford University Press, Melbourne
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access