Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Thalasseus > Thalasseus sandvicensis
 

Thalasseus sandvicensis (Sandwich Tern)

Synonyms: Sterna sandvicensis; Sterna sandvicensis sandvicensis
Language: Spanish

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  250 grams
Birth Weight [1]  28 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Clutch Size [1]  1
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [1]  22 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  31 years
Migration [2]  Intercontinental
Speed [3]  31.99 MPH (14.3 m/s)
Wing Span [3]  39 inches (1 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Albany thickets South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Angolan Miombo woodlands Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Angola Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic coastal desert Mauritania, Western Sahara Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Cape Verde Islands dry forests Cape Verde Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests    
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Cayos Miskitos-San Andrés and Providencia moist forests Colombia, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chocó-Darién moist forests Colombia, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East African mangroves Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia Afrotropic Mangroves
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Espinal Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Galápagos Islands scrubland mosaic Ecuador Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean forest-savanna mosaic Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia, Senegal Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Gulf of Oman desert and semi-desert Oman, United Arab Emirates Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Humid Pampas Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kaokoveld desert Namibia, Angola Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Knysna-Amatole montane forests South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
KwaZulu-Cape coastal forest mosaic South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Leeward Islands moist forests St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua & Barbuda Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lowland fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maputaland coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean conifer and mixed forests Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesoamerican Gulf-Caribbean mangroves Bahamas, United Kingdom Neotropic Mangroves
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Namib desert Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Nile Delta flooded savanna Egypt Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Saharan steppe and woodlands Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Patagonian steppe Chile, Argentina Neotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Persian Gulf desert and semi-desert Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahara desert Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Algeria, Mauritania, Mali, Chad, Niger Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sahelian Acacia savanna Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South American Pacific mangroves Colombia, Panama, Ecuador Neotropic Mangroves    
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Iran Nubo-Sindian desert and semi-desert Iran, Iraq, Pakistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Saharan steppe and woodlands Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Africa mangroves South Africa, Mozambique Afrotropic Mangroves
Southern Atlantic mangroves Brazil Neotropic Mangroves  
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Mangroves    
Southern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
West Sudanian savanna Senegal, Guinea, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Windward Islands moist forests Martinique, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Zambezian coastal flooded savanna Mozambique Afrotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
Archipel de Glénan 145273 France  
Arcipelago La Maddalena 51781 Italy  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia 75991 Spain    
Baie de Morlaix 67680 France    
Baie du Mont Saint Michel 117800 France  
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Basses Vallées du Cotentin et Baie des Veys 83262 France  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Borkum-Riffgrund 154559 Germany      
CABO DE GATA-NIJAR 122347 Spain  
CAP BEAR- CAP CERBERE 95012 France  
COTE LANGUEDOCIENNE 177605 France  
Camargue 546256 France  
Cap Gris-Nez 138933 France    
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Chausey 203679 France  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Costa Sudoeste 183883 Portugal  
Costes del Garraf 65418 Spain  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU KAI EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PET 109185 Greece  
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS 73260 Greece  
DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI - AXIOUPOLI 83216 Greece  
DELTA NESTOU KAI LIMNOTHALASSES KERAMOTIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 55561 Greece  
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve 1433211 Romania
Delta de l'Ebre 119562 Spain  
Delta del Po 61806 Italy  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Emine 164580 Bulgaria  
Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf 198183 France  
Estuário do Sado 60868 Portugal  
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Guadeloupe Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 172250 Guadeloupe  
Horsens Fjord og Endelave 105168 Denmark  
KOILADA KAI EKVOLES SPERCHEIOU - MALIAKOS KOLPOS 117491 Greece  
Kemeru nacionalais parks 94308 Latvia  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsag Biosphere Reserve II 54598 Hungary  
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve II 256073 Western Cape, South Africa  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LITTORAL AUGERON 52930 France    
LITTORAL SEINO-MARIN 367957 France    
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Laguna di Venezia 136417 Italy  
Læsø, sydlige del 253812 Denmark    
MARAIS POITEVIN 168088 France  
Malindi-Watamu Biosphere Reserve 48433 Kenya  
Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts 137949 France  
Marchesato e Fiume Neto 173480 Italy  
Monti Peloritani, Dorsale Curcuraci, Antennamare e area marina dello stretto di Messina 69172 Italy    
Mor Braz 99524 France    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morrocoy National Park 63672 Venezuela  
NOTIA MANI 78232 Greece  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
ORI KENTRIKIS EVVOIAS, PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES 97133 Greece  
OROS OCHI, PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES 82497 Greece  
OROS PILIO 89437 Greece  
PERTUIS CHARENTAIS - ROCHEBONNE 2024431 France  
Pape 127946 Latvia      
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Parco Nazionale del Circeo 54771 Italy  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Præstø Fjord, Ulfshale, Nyord og Jungshoved Nor 60931 Denmark  
Pärnu lahe 270781 Estonia  
Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete 1146339 Germany  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Doñana Biosphere Reserve II 123801 Spain
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Ria Formosa 58164 Portugal  
Ria de Aveiro 127029 Portugal  
SAMOTHRAKI: OROS FENGARI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 51946 Greece  
SPA Östliche Deutsche Bucht 774707 Germany      
Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent 606421 France  
Seevogelschutzgebiet Helgoland 398663 Germany    
Socotra Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 6626477 Yemen  
Strandzha 285202 Bulgaria  
Sydfynske Øhav 111163 Denmark  
Sylter Außenriff 1313190 Germany      
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tête de Canyon du Cap Ferret 903514 France      
Valle del Mezzano, Valle Pega 46611 Italy  
Väinamere 670389 Estonia  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa
West Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 3854844 Estonia  
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    
Zatoka Pucka 154269 Poland    
l'Albufera 72366 Spain  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Abu Ali Saudi Arabia A4i, B1i, B3  
Albufera de Valencia marshes Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Alde: Ore Estuary United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Altamaha River Delta USA A1, A4i
Amana French Guiana A2, A4i, A4iii  
Amvrakikos gulf Greece A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Anegada: Western salt ponds and coastal areas Virgin Islands (to UK) A2, A4i, B4i, B4ii    
Archipel des Glénan France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C3, C4, C6
Argentario, Orbetello Lagoon and Burano Lake Italy A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C4, C6
Atanasovsko Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Banc d'Arguin National Park Mauritania A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Barr al Hikman Oman A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Berdyans'ka peninsula Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Bilosarajs'ka peninsula Ukraine A4i, B1i, B2
Black River Great Morass Jamaica A1, A2, A4i, B4i, B4ii  
Black Sea Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Broadhaven, Blacksod and Tullaghan Bays and parts of the Mullet peninsula Ireland A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6  
Caicos Bank Southern Cays Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) A4i, A4iii, B4i  
Camargue France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cap Blanc Mauritania A4i, A4iii
Cap Gris-nez France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Cap Vert Senegal A1, A4i, A4ii  
Carlingford Lough United Kingdom B1i, B2, C3, C6
Cay Sal Bahamas A1, A4i, B4i, B4ii    
Cayería Centro-Oriental de Villa Clara Cuba A1, A4i, B4i  
Chandeleur Islands (Breton National Wildlife Refuge) USA A4i  
Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C1, C2, C3  
Circeo National Park Italy A1, B2, C1, C2, C6
Connétable French Guiana A4i, A4iii  
Connemara Bogs (south-east), including Roundstone Bog Ireland A4iii, C4, C6
Connemara Islands Ireland B1i, B2, C2, C6
Coquet Island United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Cordon lagunaire de Sète à Agde France A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Cross Lough (Killadoon) Ireland C6
Dakhla area Morocco A3, A4i
Danube Delta Romania C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Delta du Saloum Senegal A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Delta of the Kuban' river Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Densu Delta Ramsar Site Ghana A4i, A4iii
Duddon Estuary United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Dungeness To Pett Levels United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Duqm Oman A1, A4i, B1i, B2
East Sanday United Kingdom A4i, B1i, B2, C3, C6  
Eastern German Bight Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4    
Ebro delta Spain A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine France A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
False Bay Park (proposed) South Africa A1, A4i, A4iii
Farne Islands United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Firth of Forth Islands United Kingdom A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C
Grand Turk Salinas and Shores Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) A4i, B4i    
Great Inagua Bahamas A1, A4i, A4iii, B4i  
Grevelingen Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Griend Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Guana Cays Bahamas A4i, B4i, B4ii
Hirsholmene Denmark A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C6  
Ilôts de Trévorc'h France C6  
Ile de Goulmedec France B2, C6  
Iles Chausey France A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6
Iles de la Colombière, de la Nellière et des Haches France B2, C6
Ilhas Comprida e Cananéia Brazil A1, A4i
Ilhas do Litoral Sul do Espírito Santo Brazil A4i  
Inner Galway Bay Ireland B1i, B2, C3, C6
Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon Spain A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Jaragua National Park Dominican Republic A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B4i
Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Keta Lagoon Ramsar Site Ghana A4i, A4iii
Khanskoye Lake Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Kiziltash limans Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3  
Kneiss Tunisia A3, A4i, A4iii
Kryva peninsula Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Kuyal'nyts'kyj lyman Ukraine A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Lady's Island Lake Ireland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C4, C6
Larne Lough United Kingdom B1i, B2, C3, C6
Littoral Augeron France A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4  
Llobregat delta Spain A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Loch of Strathbeg United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lough Swilly including Blanket Nook and Inch Lake Ireland A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Lower Berg river wetlands South Africa A4i, A4iii
Maly Zhemchuzhny island Russia (European) A4i, B1i, B2    
Masirah island Oman A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3
Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay Iran, Islamic Republic of A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Mid-Essex Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Morecambe Bay United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site Ghana A3, A4i
Mustique Island St Vincent and the Grenadines A2, B4i  
Nissum Fjord Denmark A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Niumi National Park Gambia A4i
North Norfolk Coast United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6  
North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B4i  
Obytichna peninsula Ukraine A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Odense Fjord Denmark A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C6
Oranjestad Reef Islands Aruba (to Netherlands) A4i    
Parque Nacional Archipiélago Los Roques Venezuela A4i    
Pärnu bay (NEW) Estonia A4i, A4iii, B1i, C2, C3, C4, C6
Pedernales-Capure Venezuela A1, A4i, A4iii
Pelkermeer Saltworks, Bonaire Netherlands Antilles A4i, B4i    
Petite Camargue laguno-marine France A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Pirsagat Islands and Los Island Azerbaijan A4i, B1i, B2
Plaine Kaw et Pointe Béhague French Guiana A2, A4i, A4iii  
Pomorie Lake Bulgaria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Poole Harbour United Kingdom A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Ras al Hadd Oman A4i, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3  
Ringkøbing Fjord Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Saba Island and Cays Virgin Islands (to USA) A4i, B4i  
Sakumo Lagoon Ramsar Site Ghana A4i, A4iii
Salines de Thyna Tunisia A4i, A4iii
Salt Cay Creek and Salinas Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK) A2, A4i, B4i    
San Nicolas Bay Reef Islands Aruba (to Netherlands) A4i, B4i    
Sandwich Harbour Namibia A1, A4i, A4iii  
Shahdidi spit Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sinis and Oristano wetlands Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Skallingen and Langli Denmark A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C4, C6
Solent Marshes and Southampton Water United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C3, C4, C6
Songor Ramsar Site Ghana A4i, A4iii
Strangford Lough and islands United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6
Sulakskaya bay Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i  
Suroeste Puerto Rico (to USA) A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B4i
Syvash Bay Ukraine A1, A3, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, B3
Tanji River (Karinti) Bird Reserve Gambia A1, A4i, A4iii
Texel: Schorren and Zeeburg Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6  
Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands Kazakhstan A4i, A4iii
Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Väinameri Estonia A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Venice lagoon Italy A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Voorhaven Zeebrugge and Baai van Heist Belgium A4i, B1i, C2  
Washington-Slagbaai National Park, Bonaire Netherlands Antilles A1, A2, A3, A4i, B4i    
Westerschelde and Saeftinghe Netherlands A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C4, C6
Westplaat Netherlands B1i, B3, C3, C6
Yagorlyts'ka and Tendrivs'ka Bays Ukraine A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Yashma Island Azerbaijan A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i  
Yeiski salt-lakes Russia (European) A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Ynys Feurig, Cemlyn Bay and the Skerries United Kingdom B1i, B2, C2, C6  
Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch United Kingdom A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, C2, C3, C4, C6

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Succulent Karoo Namibia, South Africa No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Jackson Zoological Park
San Diego Zooacuflavidus

Distribution

Cape Peninsula National Park; Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., , ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3OPTIMISATION OF THE FLIGHT SPEED OF THE LITTLE, COMMON AND SANDWICH TERN, JAMES M. WAKELING AND JENNIFER HODGSON, J. exp. Biol. 169, 261-266 (1992)
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011