Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Laridae > Rynchops > Rynchops albicollis
 

Rynchops albicollis (Indian Skimmer)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Indian Skimmer (Rynchops albicollis) is a one of the three species that belong to the skimmer family. They are somewhat tern like but like other skimmers, have a short upper mandible and the longer lower mandible that is ploughed along the surface of water as the bird flies over the water to pick aquatic prey. It is found in southern Asia where it is patchily distributed and declining in numbers. They are mainly found in rivers or estuaries.
View Wikipedia Record: Rynchops albicollis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
51
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.03108
EDGE Score: 3.58697

Attributes

Clutch Size [1]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bandh Baratha Sanctuary IV   Rajasthan, India  
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Alniya Dam India A1, A4iii
Ayeyarwaddy River: Bagan Section Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Banni Grassland and Chhari Dhand India A1, A4i, A4iii
Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park India A1, A4i
Buxa Tiger Reserve (National Park) India A1, A2
Chitwan National Park Nepal A1, A3, A4i
D'Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Dibru: Saikhowa Complex India A1, A2
Farakka Barrage and adjoining area India A1, A4i, A4iii
Flamingo city India A1, A4iii
Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna delta Bangladesh A1, A4i, A4iii
Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Haleji Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Indus Dolphin Reserve and Kandhkot wetlands Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Indus Waterfowl Refuge Pakistan A1, A2
Inle Bird Sanctuary (including Balu Chuang, Sagar and Mobye) Myanmar A1, A4i, A4iii
Jamuna-Brahmaputra river Bangladesh A1, A4i
Kaziranga National Park India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Keoladeo National Park and Ajan Bande India A1, A4iii
Keti Bundar North Wildlife Sanctuary Pakistan A1, A4iii
Khijadiya Lake and Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Kirthar National Park (including Hub Dam) Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Koshi Barrage Nepal A1, A4i, A4iii
Kumbalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary India A1
Madhav National Park India A1
Manchar Lake Pakistan A1, A4i, A4iii
Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Marine National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Nalabana Bird Sanctuary (Chilika Lake) India A1, A4i, A4iii
Nalsarovar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Agra/Etawah) India A1, A4iii
National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Bundi/Kota) India A1, A4iii
Okhla Bird Sanctuary India A1, A4iii
Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Sailana Kharmor Sanctuary India A1
Sanjay Gandhi National Park India A1, A2, A3
Satkosia Gorge Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3
Sunderbans (East, South, West Wildlife Sanctuaries) Bangladesh A1, A4iii
Teknaf Game Reserve Bangladesh A1, A3
Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A4i, A4iii
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary India A1
Wetlands of Kheda India A1
Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A3, A4i, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Oligorchis vermiculus <Unverified Name>[2]

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by BirdLife International (2011) Bird species distribution maps of the world.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access