Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Alcidae > Alle > Alle alle

Alle alle (Little Auk; Dovekie)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The little auk or dovekie (Alle alle) is a small auk, the only member of the genus Alle. It breeds on islands in the high Arctic. There are two subspecies: A. a. alle breeds in Greenland, Iceland, Novaya Zemlya and Spitzbergen, and A. a. polaris on Franz Josef Land.
View Wikipedia Record: Alle alle


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.8077
EDGE Score: 2.46875


Adult Weight [2]  164 grams
Birth Weight [4]  28 grams
Breeding Habitat [3]  Coastal cliffs and islands, Coastal marine
Wintering Geography [3]  Atlantic Coast
Wintering Habitat [3]  Coastal marine, Pelagic
Diet [5]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [5]  100 %
Forages - Underwater [5]  100 %
Clutch Size [2]  1
Clutches / Year [2]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  17,000,000
Incubation [6]  29 days
Migration [1]  Intercontinental
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal
Wing Span [7]  13 inches (.32 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arctic desert Norway, Russia Palearctic Tundra    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Moor House-Upper Teesdale Biosphere Reserve 18254 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North-east Greenland National Park II 237590314 Greenland
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere d'Iroise Biosphere Reserve IV 118 France  
River Spey 14158 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
South Solway Mosses 4849 England, United Kingdom
St. Kilda National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom    
Sydlige Nordsø 608611 Denmark      
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Urdaibaiko Itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai 8011 Spain  
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Arkhangelskaya Bay Russia (European) A4iii, B1ii  
Bjørnøya (Bear Island) Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Coast between Appaliarsulissuaq and Kap Atholl Greenland (to Denmark) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii
Coastline from Robertson fjord to Foulke Fjord Greenland (to Denmark) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii  
Ingeborgfjellet Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) A4iii, B1ii
Jan Mayen island Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii, B2  
Kap Brewster and Volquart Boon's coast Greenland (to Denmark) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii
Lancaster Sound Polynya Canada A4ii, A4iii  
Liverpool Land coast and mouth of Scoresby Sund Greenland (to Denmark) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii
Northumberland island Greenland (to Denmark) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii
Skagerrak-Southwest Norwegian trench Denmark A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C3, C4  

Prey / Diet

Apherusa glacialis[8]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[9]
Calanus finmarchicus[8]
Calanus glacialis[8]
Calanus hyperboreus[8]
Clione limacina (Naked sea butterfly)[9]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[9]
Fritillaria borealis[9]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[9]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[9]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[9]
Gammarus wilkitzkii[8]
Limacina helicina (helicid pteropod)[9]
Limacina retroversa (retrovert pteropod)[9]
Macruronus magellanicus (Patagonian whiphake)[9]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[9]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[9]
Metridia longa[9]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[9]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[9]
Oikopleura dioica[9]
Oithona similis[9]
Oithona spinirostris[9]
Oncaea borealis[9]
Paraeuchaeta norvegica[9]
Pleurogrammus azonus (Okhotsk atka mackerel)[9]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[9]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[9]
Pseudophycis bachus (Southern rockcod)[9]
Themisto abyssorum[8]
Themisto libellula[8]
Thysanoessa inermis[9]
Thysanoessa longicaudata[8]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[9]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)2
Coryphaenoides rupestris (Roundnose grenadier)2
Eubalaena glacialis (Northern Right Whale)1
Pagophila eburnea (Ivory Gull)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)1


Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[9]
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)[9]
Larus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)[9]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[9]
Ursus maritimus (Polar Bear)[9]


Parasitized by 
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[10]

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2Comparative Reproductive Ecology of the Auks (Family Alcidae) with Emphasis on the Marbled Murrelet, Toni L. De Santo, S. Kim Nelson, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-152. 1995. pp. 33-47
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Anatomy and Histochemistry of Flight Muscles in a Wing-Propelled Diving Bird, the Atlantic Puffin, Fratercula arctica, Christopher E. Kovacs and Ron A. Meyers, JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 244:109–125 (2000)
8Estimating prey capture rates of a planktivorous seabird, the little auk (Alle alle), using diet, diving behaviour, and energy consumption, Ann Marie Aglionby Harding, Carsten Egevang, Wojciech Walkusz, Flemming Merkel, Ste ́phane Blanc, David Grémillet, Polar Biol (2009) 32:785–796
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access