Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Alcidae > Cepphus > Cepphus columba

Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The pigeon guillemot (Cepphus columba) is a species of bird in the auk family, Alcidae. It is endemic to the Pacific Ocean. It closely resembles the other members of the genus Cepphus, particularly the black guillemot, which is slightly smaller and lacks dark wing lines.
View Wikipedia Record: Cepphus columba


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.32129
EDGE Score: 2.11882


Adult Weight [1]  1.07 lbs (484 g)
Birth Weight [1]  44 grams
Female Maturity [1]  3 years
Male Maturity [1]  3 years
Clutch Size [2]  2
Incubation [1]  31 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years
Migration [3]  Intracontinental
Speed [4]  31.76 MPH (14.2 m/s)
Wing Span [5]  23 inches (.578 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lanphere-Christensen Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 471 California, United States  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
San Juan Island National Historical Park III 1674 Washington, United States
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States Yes

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[6]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[2]
Hypomesus pretiosus (Surf smelt)[6]
Lumpenus sagitta (Eel-blenny)[6]
Pholis laeta (Crescent gunnel)[2]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[2]
Thysanoessa inermis[6]
Xiphister atropurpureus (Black prickleback)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Albatrossia pectoralis (Pectoral rattail)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)2
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)2
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)2
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)2
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)2
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte's Gull)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)1
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)2
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)2
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)1
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Histriophoca fasciata (Ribbon Seal)1
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)1
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)4
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)1
Nansenia candida (Bluethroat argentine)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)2
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)2
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)3
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)3
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)2
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)1
Raja binoculata (Big skate)1
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)3
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)2
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes maliger (Rockfish)1
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)2
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)2
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2


Lutra lutra (European Otter)[2]


Parasitized by 
Paracuaria adunca <Unverified Name>[7]
Streptocara crassicauda <Unverified Name>[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alaska SeaLife Center
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardencolumba
Oregon Coast Aquarium
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2A COMPARISON OF THE BREEDING AND FEEDING ECOLOGY OF PIGEON GUILLEMOTS AT NAKED AND JACKPOT ISLANDS IN PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND, D. Lindsey Hayes, APEX: 95163 F. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Anchorage, AK. (1996) 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 4Flight Speeds and Energetics of Seven Bird Species, Rebecca Ann Kolotylo, Masters Thesis, University of British Columbia, 1989 5Anatomy and Histochemistry of Flight Muscles in a Wing-Propelled Diving Bird, the Atlantic Puffin, Fratercula arctica, Christopher E. Kovacs and Ron A. Meyers, JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 244:109–125 (2000) 6Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access