Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Alcidae > Synthliboramphus > Synthliboramphus antiquus

Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The ancient murrelet (Synthliboramphus antiquus) is a bird in the auk family. It breeds from the Yellow Sea (islands off China), through the Russian Pacific coast and the Aleutian Islands to the Haida Gwaii archipelago of British Columbia, where about half of the world population breeds.There are two listed subspecies:S. a. antiquus – (Gmelin, 1789): northeast Asia, Aleutian Islands to western Canada.S. a.
View Wikipedia Record: Synthliboramphus antiquus


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.7838
EDGE Score: 2.05205


Adult Weight [1]  224 grams
Birth Weight [1]  33 grams
Female Maturity [1]  2 years
Male Maturity [1]  2 years
Clutch Size [1]  2
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [1]  33 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  5 years
Migration [2]  Intercontinental


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Ussuri broadleaf and mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Alder Island Canada A4ii, A4iii  
Chilbal-do island South Korea A1, A4ii    
Dodge Point and Gogit Passage Island Chain Canada A4ii, A4iii  
Englefield Bay Islands Canada A4ii, A4iii
Frederick Island Canada A4ii, A4iii
Hippa Island Canada A4ii, A4iii
Kukul-do island South Korea A1, A4ii    
Kunghit Island and Luxana Bay Canada A4ii  
Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Langara Island Canada A4ii, A4iii
Laskeek Bay Canada A4ii
Outer Shumagin Islands USA A4ii  
Ramsay and Northern Juan Perez Sound Islands Canada A4ii, A4iii  
Rankine and Langtry Islands Canada A4ii, A4iii  
Skincuttle Inlet Islands Canada A4ii, A4iii  
Starichkov island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Talan island Russia (Asian) A1, A4ii, A4iii
Tyuleniy island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[4]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[5]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[5]
Cymatogaster aggregata (Shiner)[4]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[5]
Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[4]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[5]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[5]
Macruronus magellanicus (Patagonian whiphake)[5]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[5]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[5]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[5]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[5]
Pleurogrammus azonus (Okhotsk atka mackerel)[5]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[5]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[5]
Pseudophycis bachus (Southern rockcod)[5]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[5]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[5]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[5]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[5]
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)[5]
Thysanoessa inermis[4]
Thysanoessa spinifera[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Western Grebe)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)3
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)3
Bathyraja trachura (Roughtail skate)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)4
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)2
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte's Gull)1
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Cololabis saira (Skipper)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Diaphus theta (California headlightfish)2
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)1
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)1
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)2
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)1
Lyopsetta exilis (Slender sole)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)4
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Nansenia candida (Bluethroat argentine)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)2
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)2
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)1
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)1
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Ptychoramphus aleuticus (Cassin's Auklet)2
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)3
Raja binoculata (Big skate)1
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)3
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)2
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)2
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)2
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)2
Sebastes diploproa (Splitnose rockfish)2
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)3
Sebastes maliger (Rockfish)1
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Sebastes pinniger (Rockfish)2
Sebastes serranoides (Rockfish)2
Sigmops gracilis (Slender fangjaw)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)1
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)2
Tarletonbeania crenularis (Blue lanternfish)1
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1


Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)[5]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[5]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[5]
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)[5]
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)[5]

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 3Comparative Reproductive Ecology of the Auks (Family Alcidae) with Emphasis on the Marbled Murrelet, Toni L. De Santo, S. Kim Nelson, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-152. 1995. pp. 33-47 4Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Diet of the Steller’s Sea Eagle in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk, Irina UTEKHINA, Eugene POTAPOV & Michael J. MCGRADY, First Symposium on Steller’s and White-tailed Sea Eagles in East Asia pp. 71-82, 2000
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access