Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Alcidae > Fratercula > Fratercula corniculata

Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)

Wikipedia Abstract

The horned puffin (Fratercula corniculata) is an auk, similar in appearance to the Atlantic puffin. It is a pelagic seabird that feeds primarily by diving for fish. It nests in colonies, often with other auks.
View Wikipedia Record: Fratercula corniculata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.24392
EDGE Score: 1.98016


Adult Weight [1]  1.18 lbs (536 g)
Birth Weight [3]  75.9 grams
Breeding Habitat [2]  Coastal cliffs and islands, Coastal marine
Wintering Geography [2]  Pacific Coast
Wintering Habitat [2]  Coastal marine
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [4]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  30 %
Forages - Underwater [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [5]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  800,000
Incubation [5]  41 days
Migration [6]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [7]  24 inches (.607 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Clayoquot Sound Biosphere Reserve 864738 British Columbia, Canada  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Kenai Fjords National Park Ib 574822 Alaska, United States
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Iony island Russia (Asian) A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Kuril islands (between Urup and Paramushir) Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Outer Shumagin Islands USA A4ii  
Shantar islands Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Talan island Russia (Asian) A1, A4ii, A4iii

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes americanus (inshore sand lance)[8]
Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[9]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[8]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[8]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[8]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[8]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[8]
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)[9]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[8]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[8]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[8]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[8]
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)[8]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[8]
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)[8]
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)[8]
Macruronus magellanicus (Patagonian whiphake)[8]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[8]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[9]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[8]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[8]
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon)[8]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[8]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[8]
Oncorhynchus nerka (sockeye salmon or kokanee)[8]
Pleurogrammus azonus (Okhotsk atka mackerel)[8]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[8]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[8]
Pseudophycis bachus (Southern rockcod)[8]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[8]
Trichodon trichodon (Sandfish)[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alca torda (Razorbill)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)1
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)2
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)2
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)1
Cepphus grylle (Black Guillemot)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)1
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)1
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)2
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)2
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Histriophoca fasciata (Ribbon Seal)1
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)2
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)1
Phoca largha (Spotted Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)1
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)1
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)2
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)1
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)1


Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)[8]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[8]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[8]
Homo sapiens (man)[8]


Parasitized by 
Alcataenia armillaris[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alaska SeaLife Center
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
North Carolina Zoological Park
Saint Louis Zoological Park

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Piatt, J. F. and A. S. Kitaysky. 2002. Horned Puffin (Fratercula corniculata). In The Birds of North America, No. 611 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. pp. 1-27
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5Comparative Reproductive Ecology of the Auks (Family Alcidae) with Emphasis on the Marbled Murrelet, Toni L. De Santo, S. Kim Nelson, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-152. 1995. pp. 33-47
6Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
7Anatomy and Histochemistry of Flight Muscles in a Wing-Propelled Diving Bird, the Atlantic Puffin, Fratercula arctica, Christopher E. Kovacs and Ron A. Meyers, JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 244:109–125 (2000)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Breeding ecology of Horned Puffins (Fratercula corniculata) in Alaska: annual variation and effects of El Niño, A.M.A. Harding, J.F. Piatt, and K.C. Hamer, Can. J. Zool. 81: 1004–1013 (2003)
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access