Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Alcidae > Fratercula > Fratercula cirrhata
 

Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)

Synonyms: Lunda cirrhata

Wikipedia Abstract

The tufted puffin (Fratercula cirrhata), also known as crested puffin, is a relatively abundant medium-sized pelagic seabird in the auk family (Alcidae) found throughout the North Pacific Ocean.It is one of three species of puffin that make up the genus Fratercula and is easily recognizable by its thick red bill and yellow tufts.
View Wikipedia Record: Fratercula cirrhata

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.40928
EDGE Score: 2.12934

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  1.71 lbs (775 g)
Birth Weight [4]  87.9 grams
Breeding Habitat [3]  Coastal cliffs and islands, Coastal marine
Wintering Geography [3]  Pacific Coast
Wintering Habitat [3]  Coastal marine
Diet [5]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [5]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [5]  30 %
Forages - Underwater [5]  100 %
Clutch Size [6]  1
Global Population (2017 est.) [3]  2,300,000
Incubation [6]  44 days
Maximum Longevity [6]  6 years
Migration [1]  Intercontinental
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal
Wing Span [7]  26 inches (.662 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Clayoquot Sound Biosphere Reserve 864738 British Columbia, Canada  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Kenai Fjords National Park Ib 574822 Alaska, United States
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
San Juan Island National Historical Park III 1674 Washington, United States
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Aiktak Island USA A4ii
Baby Islands and Akutan Pass USA A4i, A4ii
Barren Islands USA A4ii    
Cape Peirce USA A1, A4i, A4ii
Chagulak Island USA A4ii    
Kaligagan Island USA A4ii
Outer Shumagin Islands USA A4ii  
Scott Island Group Canada A4ii, A4iii    
Starichkov island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Talan island Russia (Asian) A1, A4ii, A4iii
Utashud island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes americanus (inshore sand lance)[8]
Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[9]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[8]
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)[8]
Belone belone (Garfish)[8]
Blepsias bilobus (Crested sculpin)[8]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[8]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[10]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[8]
Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)[9]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[8]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[8]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[8]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[8]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[8]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[8]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[8]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[9]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[10]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[10]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[8]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Alaskan stickleback)[8]
Hexagrammos decagrammus (Kelp greenling)[8]
Hydrolagus colliei (Spotted rattfish)[8]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[8]
Leptoclinus maculatus (Daubed shanny)[8]
Limanda aspera (Yellowfin sole)[8]
Macruronus magellanicus (Patagonian whiphake)[8]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[8]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[10]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[8]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[8]
Occella dodecaedron (Bering poacher)[8]
Oncorhynchus gorbuscha (humpbacked salmon)[8]
Oncorhynchus keta (Calico salmon)[8]
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)[8]
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)[8]
Pleurogrammus azonus (Okhotsk atka mackerel)[8]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[8]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[8]
Pseudophycis bachus (Southern rockcod)[8]
Ptilichthys goodei (Quillfish)[8]
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)[8]
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)[8]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[8]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[9]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[8]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[8]
Trichodon trichodon (Sandfish)[8]
Zaprora silenus (Prowfish)[10]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Western Grebe)1
Albatrossia pectoralis (Pectoral rattail)1
Alca torda (Razorbill)1
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)2
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)4
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)2
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)3
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)2
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)3
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)4
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)2
Cepphus grylle (Black Guillemot)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)4
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)2
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Entosphenus tridentatus (Pacific lamprey)1
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)2
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)4
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)2
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)5
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)4
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)1
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)1
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)1
Hemitripterus bolini (Bigmouth sculpin)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)2
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)4
Histriophoca fasciata (Ribbon Seal)2
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)1
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)4
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)2
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)2
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)3
Merluccius productus (Whiting)2
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)2
Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus (Sculpin)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)2
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)2
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)2
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)2
Phoca largha (Spotted Seal)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)3
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)2
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)1
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)2
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)1
Puffinus opisthomelas (Black-vented Shearwater)2
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)4
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)2
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)2
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Seriphus politus (Drum)1
Somniosus pacificus (Pacific Sleeper Shark)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)3
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)1
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)2
Uria aalge (Common Murre)5
Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)1
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)1

Predators

Bubo scandiacus (Snowy Owl)[8]
Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[8]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[8]
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)[11]
Homo sapiens (man)[8]
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Actenopsylla suavis[12]
Ceratophyllus hagoromo[12]
Contracaecum variegatum <Unverified Name>[13]
Mioctenopsylla traubi kurilensis[12]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Alaska SeaLife Center
Aquamarine Fukushima
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beach
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Central Park Zoo
Kamogawa Sea World
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Oregon Coast Aquarium
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Saint Louis Zoological Park
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Tokyo Sea Life Park

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
2Piatt, J. F. and A. S. Kitaysky. 2002. Tufted Puffin (Fratercula cirrhata). In The Birds of North America, No. 708 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA. pp. 1-32
3Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
4Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
5Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
6Comparative Reproductive Ecology of the Auks (Family Alcidae) with Emphasis on the Marbled Murrelet, Toni L. De Santo, S. Kim Nelson, USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-152. 1995. pp. 33-47
7Anatomy and Histochemistry of Flight Muscles in a Wing-Propelled Diving Bird, the Atlantic Puffin, Fratercula arctica, Christopher E. Kovacs and Ron A. Meyers, JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 244:109–125 (2000)
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979
10HABITAT USE, DIET AND BREEDING BIOLOGY OF TUFTED PUFFINS IN PRINCE WILLIAM SOUND, ALASKA, John F. Piatt, Daniel D. Roby, Laird Henkel and Kriss Neuman, Northwestern Naturalist 78:102-109 (1997)
11Diet of the Steller’s Sea Eagle in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk, Irina UTEKHINA, Eugene POTAPOV & Michael J. MCGRADY, First Symposium on Steller’s and White-tailed Sea Eagles in East Asia pp. 71-82, 2000
12International Flea Database
13Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access