Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Columba > Columba leucomela

Columba leucomela (White-headed Pigeon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The white-headed pigeon (Columba leucomela) is a pigeon native to the east coast of Australia, belonging to the same genus as the domestic pigeon C. livia.The pigeon's habitat is from Cooktown, Queensland to southern New South Wales. It can commonly be found in tropical regions, subtropical rainforest, scrub, watercourses and street trees.
View Wikipedia Record: Columba leucomela

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.08576
EDGE Score: 1.95809


Adult Weight [1]  420 grams
Birth Weight [2]  17 grams
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  50 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  50 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  30 %
Forages - Understory [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  10 %
Clutch Size [4]  1
Incubation [2]  19 days


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia

Prey / Diet

Ficus macrophylla (Moreton Bay Fig)[5]
Ficus melinocarpa[5]
Ficus rubiginosa (Port Jackson fig)[5]
Ficus watkinsiana (Ficus watkinsiana)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ailuroedus crassirostris (Green Catbird)2
Alisterus scapularis (Australian King Parrot)3
Aplonis metallica (Metallic Starling)1
Cacatua galerita (Sulphur-crested Cockatoo)1
Casuarius casuarius (Southern Cassowary)2
Coracina lineata (Barred Cuckooshrike)1
Cyclopsitta diophthalma (Double-eyed Fig Parrot)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)3
Lalage leucomela (Varied Triller)1
Lopholaimus antarcticus (Topknot Pigeon)4
Macropygia amboinensis (Brown Cuckoo-Dove)1
Manorina melanocephala (Noisy Miner)1
Meliphaga lewinii (Lewin's Honeyeater)2
Oriolus sagittatus (Olive-backed Oriole)1
Phaps chalcoptera (Common Bronzewing)1
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)1
Platycercus elegans (Crimson Rosella)3
Porphyrio porphyrio (Purple Swamphen)1
Pseudochirops archeri (Green Ringtail)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)1
Pteropus poliocephalus (gray-headed flying fox)4
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)3
Ptilinopus regina (Rose-crowned Fruit Dove)4
Ptilinopus superbus (Superb Fruit Dove)2
Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird)2
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)3
Sericulus chrysocephalus (Regent Bowerbird)2
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)2
Strepera graculina (Pied Currawong)2
Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus (Scaly-breasted Lorikeet)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)3


Parasitized by 
Columbicola waiteae <Unverified Name>[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Australia Zoo
Blackbutt Reserve
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Healesville Sanctuary
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Melbourne Zoo
San Diego Wild Animal Park
Symbio Wildlife Gardens
Taronga Zoo




Attributes / relations provided by
1Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
6Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access