Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Columba > Columba oenas
 

Columba oenas (Stock Dove)

Wikipedia Abstract

The stock dove (Columba oenas) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae, the doves and pigeons.
View Wikipedia Record: Columba oenas

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
7
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
24
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.32699
EDGE Score: 1.99156

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  291 grams
Birth Weight [2]  16.7 grams
Female Maturity [3]  1 year
Male Maturity [3]  1 year
Clutch Size [5]  2
Incubation [4]  22 days
Maximum Longevity [3]  13 years
Speed [6]  35.34 MPH (15.8 m/s)
Wing Span [6]  30 inches (.75 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Aegean and Western Turkey sclerophyllous and mixed forests Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub  
Alai-Western Tian Shan steppe Kazahkstan, Uzbekistan, Tadjikistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Alps conifer and mixed forests Italy, France, Switzerland, Slovenia Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Altai alpine meadow and tundra China, Kazakstan, Mongolia, Russia Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Altai steppe and semi-desert Kazahkstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Anatolian conifer and deciduous mixed forests Turkey Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Appenine deciduous montane forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arabian Desert and East Sahero-Arabian xeric shrublands Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Egypt , Iraq, Jordan, Syria Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic mixed forests France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Azerbaijan shrub desert and steppe Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Balkan mixed forests Turkey, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Baltic mixed forests Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Poland Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Caledon conifer forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Cantabrian mixed forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Carpathian montane forests Czech Republic, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests Iran, Azerbaijan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Caspian lowland desert Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Caucasus mixed forests Georgia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Celtic broadleaf forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Central Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central Asian northern desert Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Asian southern desert Turkmenistan stretching, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central European mixed forests Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Moldovia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Crimean Submediterranean forest complex Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Dinaric Mountains mixed forests Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Yugoslavia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East European forest steppe Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Anatolian montane steppe Iran, Turkey, Armenia Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Mediterranean conifer-sclerophyllous-broadleaf forests Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Syria Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Elburz Range forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests    
Emin Valley steppe China, Kazakstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
English Lowlands beech forests United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Euxine-Colchic broadleaf forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gissaro-Alai open woodlands Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Iberian conifer forests Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iberian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Spain, Portugal Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Iceland boreal birch forests and alpine tundra Iceland Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Illyrian deciduous forests Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Italian sclerophyllous and semi-deciduous forests Italy, France Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Junggar Basin semi-desert China, Kazakstan, Mongolia Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Kazakh forest steppe Russia, Kazakhstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets Morocco, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mediterranean woodlands and forests Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Mesopotamian shrub desert Iraq, Syria, Jordan Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle East steppe Syria, Iraq Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern Spain and Southern France Mediterranean forests France, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Northern Anatolian conifer and deciduous forests Turkey Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northwest Iberian montane forests Portugal, Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Pamir alpine desert and tundra China, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Pannonian mixed forests Austria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pindus Mountains mixed forests Albania, Greece Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Po Basin mixed forests Italy Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Pontic steppe Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Pyrenees conifer and mixed forests Spain, France, Andorra Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Red Sea Nubo-Sindian tropical desert and semi-desert Egypt, Jordan, Saudia Arabia, Yemen, Oman Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Rodope montane mixed forests Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Sarmatic mixed forests Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Russia, Sweden Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian coastal conifer forests Norway Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Scandinavian Montane Birch forest and grasslands Norway, Sweden, Finland Palearctic Tundra
South Appenine mixed montane forests Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands Spain Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Southwest Iberian Mediterranean sclerophyllous and mixed forests Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Morocco Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Taklimakan desert China Palearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tarim Basin deciduous forests and steppe China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tian Shan foothill arid steppe China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tian Shan montane conifer forests China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Tian Shan montane steppe and meadows China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Tigris-Euphrates alluvial salt marsh Iran, Iraq Palearctic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests France, Italy Palearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub    
Ural montane forests and tundra Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Western European broadleaf forests Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Zagros Mountains forest steppe Iran Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA 178032 Greece  
Amudarya Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 152861 Lebap, Turkmenistan  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Barguzinskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 924970 Buryatia, Russia
Bayerischer Wald National Park II 59790 Germany
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berezinskiy Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 209113 Belarus  
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Bükk-hegység és peremterületei 164079 Hungary  
CAMPIÑAS DE SEVILLA 88303 Spain  
Camargue 546256 France  
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Cserebökényi-puszták 69091 Hungary  
DESFILADEROS DEL RÍO MARTÍN 110851 Spain  
Dolina Dolnej Odry 152337 Poland  
Dévaványai-sík 62065 Hungary  
ESTEPAS DE MONEGRILLO Y PINA 60622 Spain  
ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PRESPON 65762 Greece  
Eastern Beskid National Park II 68484 Poland  
FORET D'ORLEANS 79512 France  
Felsõ-kiskunsági szikes puszták és turjánvidék 103542 Hungary  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Gaujas nacionalais parks 227982 Latvia  
Golfo di Orosei 71515 Italy  
Great Gobi National Park Ia 13211440 Mongolia  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
KARLA - MAVROVOUNI - KEFALOVRYSO VELESTINOU - NEOCHORI 107331 Greece  
KOILADA TIMIOU PRODROMOU-MENOIKION 73269 Greece  
KORYFES OROUS GRAMMOS 84898 Greece  
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kellerwald 65404 Germany  
Kemeru nacionalais parks 94308 Latvia  
Khazar Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 658105 Turkmenistan  
Kiskunsági szikes tavak és az õrjegi turjánvidék 88335 Hungary  
Krivoklatsko Protected Landscape Area V 155267 Czech Republic  
Krkonose National Park V 95995 Czech Republic  
LA RETUERTA Y SALADAS DE SÁSTAGO 88970 Spain  
LEFKA ORI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 131864 Greece  
LIMNES KAI LIMNOTHALASSES TIS THRAKIS - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 72787 Greece  
LIMNES KORONEIAS - VOLVIS, STENA RENTINAS KAI EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 399400 Greece  
LIMNES VOLVI KAI LAGKADA - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI 66589 Greece  
La Gallinola - Monte Miletto - Monti del Matese 61781 Italy  
Lahemaa 183898 Estonia  
Les Alpilles 66733 France  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
MATARRAÑA - AIGUABARREIX 90747 Spain  
MONTES DE ZUERA, CASTEJÓN DE VALDEJASA Y EL CASTELLAR 63037 Spain  
MONTES OBARENES 106406 Spain  
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL 79316 Spain  
Mont Ventoux Biosphere Reserve 198594 France  
Monte dei Sette Fratelli 99969 Italy  
Monti del Gennargentu 110493 Italy  
Mátra 92599 Hungary  
NOTIA MANI 78232 Greece  
Nürnberger Reichswald 94374 Germany  
OREINOS EVROS - KOILADA DEREIOU 120853 Greece  
OROS CHOLOMONTAS 65270 Greece  
OROS MAVROVOUNI 91743 Greece  
OROS OTHRYS, VOUNA GKOURAS KAI FARANGI PALAIOKERASIAS 76799 Greece  
OROS PARNASSOS 84965 Greece  
OROS TYMFI (GKAMILA) 67747 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Augustowska 264573 Poland  
Ostoja Warminska 350930 Poland  
PARAPOTAMIO DASOS VOREIOU EVROU KAI ARDA 64079 Greece  
PLAINE DE LA MOTHE-SAINT-HERAY-LEZAY 60417 France  
Parco Del Cilento e Vallo de Diano National Park 551095 Italy
Pechoro-Ilychskiy Biosphere Reserve 3098091 Russia  
Prespa National Park II 62043 Greece  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Puszcza Notecka 440480 Poland  
Reserve de la Biosphere des Vosges du Nord Biosphere Reserve 301469 France  
RÍO GUADALOPE - MAESTRAZGO 133800 Spain  
RÍO HUERVA Y LAS PLANAS 74804 Spain  
SIERRA DE ALCUBIERRE 103846 Spain  
Saaristomeri 147873 Finland    
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Schorfheide-Chorin Biosphere Reserve 319164 Germany
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Soomaa 98925 Estonia  
Spessart 70160 Germany  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Sumava Biosphere Reserve 412955 Czech Republic  
Tammisaaren ja Hangon saariston ja Pohjanpitäjänlahden merensuojelualue 130052 Finland  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Trebon Basin Protected Landscape Area V 173393 Czech Republic  
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tzentralen Balkan 177099 Bulgaria  
Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina (Ubsunur Depression) Zapovednik Ia 798640 Tuva, Russia
VOUNA EVROU 104705 Greece  
Vasilyovska Mountain 112364 Bulgaria  
Vogelschutzgebiet 'Unterer Niederrhein' 63775 Germany  
Vogelschutzgebiet Hellwegbörde 119642 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Vättern (östra) 158858 Sweden  
Waddensea of Lower Saxony Biosphere Reserve 539522 Germany  
Waddensea of Schleswig-Holstein Biosphere Reserve 724639 Germany
West Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve 3854844 Estonia  
Zempléni-hegység a Szerencsi-dombsággal és a Hernád-völggyel 284651 Hungary  

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Beskydy mountains Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Bukovské hills Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Buzulukski forest Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Doupov hills Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Jeseniky mountains Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region) Czech Republic B2, B3, C6
Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains) Czech Republic A1, B2, B3, C1, C6
La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges Spain B2, B3, C6
Malé Karpaty Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Mountains of Barcelona Spain B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Nízke Tatry Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Peñagolosa Spain B2, B3, C6
Racheyski forest Russia (European) A1, B2, B3
Ruissalo Finland B3, C7
Slanské hills Slovakia A1, B2, B3
Turia canyon and Los Serranos Spain B2, B3, C2, C6
Volovské hills Slovakia A1, B2, B3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Caucasus Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey No
Irano-Anatolian Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Turkmenistan No
Mediterranean Basin Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Portugal, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey No
Mountains of Central Asia Afghanistan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan No

Prey / Diet

Carex rostrata (beaked sedge)[7]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[7]
Fagus sylvatica[7]
Fumaria officinalis (drug fumitory)[7]
Galium aparine (stickywilly)[7]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[7]
Polygala serpyllifolia (heath milkwort)[7]
Quercus robur (Pedunculate Oak)[7]
Ranunculus acris (meadow buttercup)[7]
Rumex oblongifolius (bluntleaf dock)[7]
Silene dioica (red catchfly)[7]
Silene latifolia (bladder campion)[7]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[7]
Vaccinium myrtillus (myrtle blueberry)[7]
Veronica officinalis (common gypsyweed)[7]
Vicia hirsuta (Hairy Vetch)[7]
Viola arvensis (European field pansy)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)6
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)3
Aglia tau (Tau Emperor)2
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)2
Alopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian Goose)2
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)2
Angerona prunaria2
Anomala dubia2
Anser anser (Greylag Goose)2
Aphantopus hyperantus (Ringlet Butterfly)2
Arctia caja (garden tiger moth)3
Autographa bractea (Gold Spangle)2
Autographa gamma (Silver Y Moth)2
Bison bonasus (European bison)2
Boloria selene (Silver-bordered fritillary)2
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)2
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)2
Caloptilia alchimiella2
Capreolus capreolus (western roe deer)3
Caradrina morpheus (Mottled Rustic)2
Carcina quercana2
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)7
Cerastis rubricosa (Red Chestnut)2
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)2
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)7
Chloroclysta miata2
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)2
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)2
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)4
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)3
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)8
Conistra ligula (Dark Chestnut)2
Conistra rubiginea (Dotted Chestnut)2
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)2
Crocallis elinguaria (Scalloped Oak Moth)3
Cyclophora linearia (Clay Triple-lines)2
Daedalea quercina (Oak Mazegill)2
Deileptenia ribeata (Satin Beauty Moth)2
Diurnea fagella2
Drymonia dodonaea (Marbled Brown)2
Edwardsiana frustrator2
Emberiza schoeniclus (Reed Bunting)2
Ennomos quercinaria (August Thorn)2
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)3
Eriogaster lanestris (Small Eggar)2
Eupeodes luniger2
Eupithecia vulgata (Common Pug Moth)2
Eurois occulta (great gray dart)2
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)8
Garrulus glandarius (Eurasian Jay)2
Glis glis (fat dormouse)2
Grus grus (Common Crane)2
Hemithea aestivaria (Common Emerald)2
Hepialus humuli (Ghost Moth)2
Idaea aversata (Riband Wave Moth)2
Idaea straminata (Plain Wave)2
Idaea sylvestraria (Dotted Border Wave)2
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)2
Lacanobia oleracea (Bright-line Brown-Eye Moth)3
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)2
Linaria cannabina (Common Linnet)6
Lycaena phlaeas (Small Copper Butterfly)2
Lymantria monacha (Black Arches, Nun Moth)2
Maniola jurtina (Meadow Brown Butterfly)2
Meles meles (European Badger)2
Microtus agrestis (field vole)2
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)2
Orthosia gothica (Hebrew Character)2
Orthosia incerta (Clouded Drab)2
Parasemia plantaginis (Wood Tiger Moth)3
Parasyrphus punctulatus2
Parus major (Great Tit)2
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)8
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)3
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)2
Philaenus spumarius (meadow froghopper)4
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)2
Phragmatobia fuliginosa (ruby tiger moth)2
Phyllonorycter messaniella (Oak leafminer)2
Plagodis dolabraria (Scorched Wing)2
Plagodis pulveraria (Barred Umber Moth)2
Pleurotus dryinus (Veiled Oyster)2
Polia bombycina (Pale Shining Brown)2
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)2
Pyrgus malvae (Grizzled Skipper)2
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)2
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)2
Sciurus vulgaris (Eurasian red squirrel)2
Scopula floslactata (Cream Wave Moth)2
Spinus spinus (Eurasian Siskin)2
Stauropus fagi (Lobster Moth)2
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian Collared-Dove)2
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)10
Sus scrofa (wild boar)3
Synanthedon vespiformis (Yellow-legged Clearwing)2
Tettigella alba2
Xanthorhoe ferrugata (red twin spot)2

Predators

Accipiter gentilis (Northern Goshawk)[7]

Providers

Shelter 
Dryocopus martius (Black Woodpecker)[7]
Fagus sylvatica (European beech)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Baruscapillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[8]
Ceratophyllus columbae[9]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[9]
Ceratophyllus sciurorum sciurorum <Unverified Name>[9]
Echinostoma revolutum[8]
Tarsopsylla octodecimdentata octodecimdentata[9]
Shelter for 
Athene noctua (Little Owl)[7]
Cyanistes caeruleus (Blue Tit)[7]
Dendrocopos major (Great Spotted Woodpecker)[7]
Parus major (Great Tit)[7]
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)[7]
Periparus ater (Coal Tit)[7]
Picus viridis (European Green Woodpecker)[7]
Poecile palustris (Marsh Tit)[7]
Sitta europaea (Eurasian Nuthatch)[7]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[7]
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)[7]
Vespa crabro (European hornet)[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
Zoological Garden Pragueoenas
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzenoenas
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Wuppertal

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Cramp, S.; Simmons, K.E.L.; Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa Vols 1-9. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 4British Trust for Ornithology 5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197 7Ecology of Commanster 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access