Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Zenaida > Zenaida asiatica
 

Zenaida asiatica (White-winged Dove)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The white-winged dove (Zenaida asiatica) is a dove whose native range extends from the south-western United States through Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. In recent years with increasing urbanization and backyard feeding, it has expanded throughout Texas into Louisiana and coastal Mississippi. It has also been introduced to Florida.The white-winged dove is expanding outside of its historic range into Kansas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, and northern New Mexico.
View Wikipedia Record: Zenaida asiatica

Infraspecies

Zenaida asiatica asiatica (White-winged dove)
Zenaida asiatica australis (White-winged dove)
Zenaida asiatica mearnsi (White-winged dove)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
32
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.6348
EDGE Score: 2.454

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  140 grams
Birth Weight [1]  8 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Breeding Habitat [2]  Desert scrub, Tropical dry forests
Wintering Geography [2]  Southwestern Aridlands
Wintering Habitat [2]  Desert scrub, Tropical dry forests, Agricultural
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  10 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  60 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  10 %
Forages - Understory [3]  30 %
Forages - Ground [3]  60 %
Clutch Size [4]  2
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  10,000,000
Incubation [1]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  25 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Bahamian pine mosaic Bahamas Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Belizean pine forests Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Caribbean shrublands France, United Kingdom, Dominica, St. Lucia, Netherlands Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands      
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Enriquillo wetlands Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Everglades United States Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hispaniolan dry forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan moist forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Hispaniolan pine forests Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican dry forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Jamaican moist forests Jamaica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Miskito pine forests Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican dry forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Puerto Rican moist forests United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Yucatán moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park II 175430 Cuba  
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Amistad National Recreation Area   Texas, United States
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Île-à-Vache   Haiti  
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Big Morongo Canyon Preserve Area of Critical Environmental Concern V 3906 California, United States
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Casa Grande National Monument V 468 Arizona, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Coachella Valley Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 8106 California, United States
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Dos Palmas Preserve   California, United States    
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Parque Estatal Lagunas de Yalahau Wetland Reserve   Yucatan, Mexico  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Bowie National Historic Site III 1004 Arizona, United States
Fort Davis National Historic Site   Texas, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Jeanette Kawas National Park 6379 Honduras    
Jornada Biosphere Reserve Ib 30913 New Mexico, United States
Joshua Tree National Park II 305076 California, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Laguna del Tigre National Park II 718533 Guatemala  
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Montecristo National Park IV 9237 El Salvador  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Reserva de Mapimi Biosphere Reserve VI 849819 Chihuahua, Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Saba Marine Park National Marine Park II 5573 Netherlands Antilles  
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shipstern Nature Reserve IV 20453 Belize
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Tonto National Monument V 1123 Arizona, United States
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Caribbean Islands Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks And Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands - British, Virgin Islands - U.S. No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No
Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru No

Prey / Diet

Brachiaria fasciculata (browntop signalgrass)[5]
Brahea armata (Blue Hesper Palm)[6]
Bursera microphylla (littleleaf elephant tree)[5]
Carthamus tinctorius (Safflower)[5]
Celtis ehrenbergiana (desert hackberry (spiny))[5]
Cercidium floridum (Blue Palo Verde)[5]
Condalia hookeri (Brazilian bluewood)[5]
Cucumis melo (Cantaloupe)[5]
Dodonaea viscosa (Sand Olive)[5]
Fouquieria splendens (ocotillo)[5]
Helianthus annuus (Sunflower)[5]
Jatropha cuneata (physicnut)[5]
Jatropha dioica (leatherstem)[5]
Larrea tridentata (creosotebush)[5]
Myrtillocactus geometrizans (Bilberry Cactus)[7]
Nicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)[5]
Opuntia robusta (Wheel Cactus)[8]
Opuntia streptacantha[8]
Panicum racemosum[5]
Phytolacca americana (common pokeweed)[5]
Prosopis velutina (mesquite)[5]
Rivina humilis (rougeplant)[5]
Sarcomphalus obtusifolius (graythorn)[5]
Sebastiania bilocularis (arrow poision plant)[5]
Senegalia greggii (gregg catclaw)[5]
Sorghum bicolor (broom-corn)[5]
Sorghum halepense (aleppo milletgrass)[5]
Stenocereus thurberi (organpipe cactus)[5]
Vachellia farnesiana (Ellington curse)[5]
Zea mays (corn)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aphelocoma ultramarina (Mexican Jay)2
Bassariscus astutus (Ringtail)1
Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)1
Calothorax pulcher (Beautiful Sheartail)1
Campylorhynchus jocosus (Boucard's Wren)1
Canis latrans (Coyote)1
Catharus guttatus (Hermit Thrush)1
Chaetodipus nelsoni (Nelson's pocket mouse)2
Colaptes auratus (Northern Flicker)2
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)1
Corvus cryptoleucus (Chihuahuan Raven)2
Cynanthus sordidus (Dusky Hummingbird)1
Dipodomys merriami (Merriam's kangaroo rat)1
Dipodomys phillipsii (Phillips's kangaroo rat)2
Haemorhous mexicanus (House Finch)4
Haemorhous purpureus (Purple Finch)1
Icterus cucullatus (Hooded Oriole)1
Icterus parisorum (Scott's Oriole)2
Icterus pustulatus (Streak-backed Oriole)1
Icterus wagleri (Black-vented Oriole)1
Leptonycteris nivalis (Mexican long-nosed bat)2
Liomys irroratus (Mexican spiny pocket mouse)2
Melanerpes hypopolius (Grey-breasted Woodpecker)1
Melanerpes uropygialis (Gila Woodpecker)1
Melozone crissalis (California Towhee)1
Melozone fusca (Canyon Towhee)2
Mephitis macroura (Hooded Skunk)2
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Momotus mexicanus (Russet-crowned Motmot)1
Myiarchus cinerascens (Ash-throated Flycatcher)1
Myiarchus nuttingi (Nutting's Flycatcher)1
Myiarchus tuberculifer (Dusky-capped Flycatcher)1
Neotoma albigula (white-throated woodrat)2
Neotoma goldmani (Goldman's woodrat)2
Passerina versicolor (Varied Bunting)1
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)1
Perognathus longimembris (little pocket mouse)1
Peucaea mystacalis (Bridled Sparrow)1
Phainopepla nitens (Phainopepla)1
Pheucticus chrysopeplus (Yellow Grosbeak)1
Pheucticus melanocephalus (Black-headed Grosbeak)2
Picoides scalaris (Ladder-backed Woodpecker)1
Picoides villosus (Hairy Woodpecker)1
Pogonomyrmex barbatus (red harvester ant)2
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)1
Spinus psaltria (Lesser Goldfinch)1
Spizella breweri (Brewer's Sparrow)1
Sturnira lilium (little yellow-shouldered bat)1
Sylvilagus audubonii (Desert Cottontail)2
Taxidea taxus (American Badger)2
Toxostoma curvirostre (Curve-billed Thrasher)3
Trogon elegans (Elegant Trogon)1
Tyrannus vociferans (Cassin's Kingbird)1
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Gray Fox)2

Predators

Accipiter cooperii (Cooper's Hawk)[5]
Bassariscus astutus (Ringtail)[5]
Canis latrans (Coyote)[5]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[5]
Falco femoralis (Aplomado Falcon)[9]
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[5]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[5]
Lynx rufus (Bobcat)[5]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[5]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aproctella stoddardi <Unverified Name>[10]
Ascaridia columbae <Unverified Name>[10]
Brachylaima mazantii <Unverified Name>[10]
Capillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[10]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[10]
Killigrewia delafondi <Unverified Name>[10]
Ornithostrongylus minutus <Unverified Name>[10]
Philophthalmus gralli[10]
Tanaisia bragai[10]
Tetrameres columbicola <Unverified Name>[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Blackbrook Zoological Park
Burger's Zoo
Chicago Zoological Park
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
North Carolina Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Phoenix Zoo
Randers Regnskov
Terra Natura S.A.
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Range Map

Caribbean; North America;

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Patterns of frugivory, seed dispersal and predation of blue fan palms (Brahea armata) in oases of northern Baja California, E.V. Wehncke, X.L. Medellín, E. Ezcurra, Journal of Arid Environments 73 (2009) 773–783
7Effectiveness of Dispersal of an Ornithocorous Cactus Myrtillocactus geometrizans (Cactaceae) in a Patchy Environment, Mónica G. Pérez-Villafaña and Alfonso Valiente-Banuet, The Open Biology Journal, 2009, 2, 101-113
8Seed predation and dispersal in a dominant desert plant: Opuntia, ants, birds, and mammals, Mario González-Espinosa and Pedro F. Quintana-Ascencio, Frugivores and Seed Dispersal (eds A. Estrada & T. H. Fleming.), pp. 273–284. Dr W. Junk, Publishers, Dordrecht.
9THE DIET OF THE APLOMADO FALCON (FALCO FEMORALIS) IN EASTERN MEXICO, DEAN P. HECTOR, The Condor 87:336-342
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2