Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Columbiformes > Columbidae > Leucosarcia > Leucosarcia melanoleuca

Leucosarcia melanoleuca (Wonga Pigeon)

Wikipedia Abstract

The wonga pigeon (Leucosarcia melanoleuca) is a pigeon that inhabits areas in eastern Australia with its range being from Central Queensland to Gippsland, eastern Victoria, Australia.Previously they could be found as north as Cairns and as south as the Dandenongs, but due to land clearance, shootings in the 1940s for crop protection, and fox predation, they are rarely seen in these areas, but their populations have improved in these areas.The wonga pigeon is a large, plump pigeon that has a short neck, broad wings, and a long tail.
View Wikipedia Record: Leucosarcia melanoleuca

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 20.1668
EDGE Score: 3.05243


Adult Weight [1]  429 grams
Birth Weight [2]  16.5 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Frugivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  40 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  20 %
Forages - Ground [3]  80 %
Clutch Size [5]  2
Incubation [4]  17 days
Maximum Longevity [6]  16 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bald Rock National Park II 21998 New South Wales, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Girraween National Park II 28978 Queensland, Australia
Kosciuszko National Park II 1705480 New South Wales, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Maria National Park II 5735 New South Wales, Australia
Shoalwater and Corio Bays Area Ramsar Site   Queensland, Australia
Sundown National Park II 30557 Queensland, Australia

Prey / Diet

Ficus cotinifolia[7]


Parasitized by 
Brachylaima pulchellum <Unverified Name>[8]
Columbicola palmai <Unverified Name>[9]
Haemoproteus columbae <Unverified Name>[9]
Odontoterakis bancrofti <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Australia Zoo
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Blackbutt Reserve
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Exmoor Zoological Park
Healesville Sanctuary
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Melbourne Zoo
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Symbio Wildlife Gardens
Taronga Zoo
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo Dortmund
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen





Attributes / relations provided by
1Higgins, PJ and Davies, SJJF (Eds). (1996). Handbook of Australian, New Zealand & Antarctic Birds. Vol. 3, Snipe to Pigeons. Oxford University Press, Melbourne
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
7"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access