Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Nestor > Nestor notabilis

Nestor notabilis (Kea)

Wikipedia Abstract

The kea (/ˈkiː.ə/; Māori: [kɛ.a]; Nestor notabilis) is a large species of parrot of the superfamily Strigopoidea found in forested and alpine regions of the South Island of New Zealand. About 48 cm (19 in) long, it is mostly olive-green with a brilliant orange under its wings and has a large, narrow, curved, grey-brown upper beak. The kea is the world's only alpine parrot. Its omnivorous diet includes carrion, but consists mainly of roots, leaves, berries, nectar, and insects.
View Wikipedia Record: Nestor notabilis

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 19.3958
EDGE Score: 4.40162


Adult Weight [1]  1.91 lbs (867 g)
Birth Weight [2]  26 grams
Female Weight [1]  1.72 lbs (779 g)
Male Weight [1]  2.11 lbs (956 g)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  22.7 %
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Frugivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Plants [3]  60 %
Diet - Scavenger [3]  10 %
Forages - Canopy [3]  10 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  30 %
Forages - Understory [3]  40 %
Forages - Ground [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [2]  3
Maximum Longevity [4]  47 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nelson Coast temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
South Island montane grasslands New Zealand Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Westland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arthur's Pass National Park II 257008 South Island, New Zealand
Fiordland National Park II 3106115 New Zealand  
Mount Aspiring National Park II 473907 South Island, New Zealand
Te Wahipounamu—South West New Zealand World Heritage Site 6424740 New Zealand  
Tongariro National Park II 196174 North Island, New Zealand

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand Yes

Prey / Diet

Asplenium daucifolium (Mauritius spleenwort)[5]
Nothofagus menziesii (Silver Beech)[5]
Weinmannia racemosa[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anthornis melanura (New Zealand Bellbird)1
Cyanoramphus auriceps (Yellow-crowned Parakeet)1
Cyanoramphus malherbi (Malherbe's parakeet)1
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (New Zealand Pigeon)1
Nestor meridionalis (New Zealand Kaka)3
Notiomystis cincta (Stitchbird)1
Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae (Tui)1
Rupicapra rupicapra (chamois)2
Trichosurus vulpecula (Common Brushtail)1
Zosterops lateralis (Silvereye)1


Parasitized by 
Parapsyllus nestoris nestoris[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Al-Wabra Wildlife Preservation
Artis Zoo
Auckland Zoological Park
Bird Park Marlow
Blackpool Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Central Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dunedin Botanic Gardens Aviary
Hamilton Zoo
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Natureland Zoological Park
Orana Wildlife Park
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parco Natura Viva
San Diego Zoo
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
The Pheasant Foundation (OHBG)
The Philadelphia Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Wellington Zoo Trust
Westfalischer Zoologischer Gtn Munster
Wilhelma Zoo
Woodland Park Zoological Gardens
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo am Meer Bremerhaven GmbH
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka zahrada Liberec
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Saarbruecken
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding




Attributes / relations provided by
1Bond, AD, Wilson, K.-J., Diamond, J. 1991. Sexual Dimorphism in the kea (Nestor notabilis) Emu 91:12-19
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
5O'Donnell, Colin F J and Dilks, Peter J, Foods and Foraging of Forest Birds in Temperate Rainforest, South. Westland, New Zealand, NZ J Ecology 18(2) (1994) pp. 87-107
6International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access