Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Alisterus > Alisterus scapularis

Alisterus scapularis (Australian King Parrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Australian king parrot (Alisterus scapularis) is endemic to eastern Australia ranging from Cooktown in Queensland through to Port Campbell in Victoria. Found in humid and heavily forested upland regions of the eastern portion of the continent, including eucalyptus wooded areas in and directly adjacent to subtropical and temperate rainforest. They feed on fruits and seeds gathered from trees or on the ground.
View Wikipedia Record: Alisterus scapularis


Alisterus scapularis minor (Northern Australian king parrot)
Alisterus scapularis scapularis (Australian king parrot)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.1261
EDGE Score: 1.81256


Adult Weight [1]  232 grams
Birth Weight [2]  13.3 grams
Diet [3]  Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [3]  30 %
Diet - Nectar [3]  10 %
Diet - Plants [3]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [3]  30 %
Forages - Mid-High [3]  40 %
Forages - Understory [3]  40 %
Forages - Ground [3]  20 %
Clutch Size [5]  4
Incubation [4]  20 days
Maximum Longevity [6]  27 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Australian Alps montane grasslands Australia Australasia Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Brigalow tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cape York Peninsula tropical savanna Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Eastern Australian temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Queensland tropical rain forests Australia Australasia Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southeast Australia temperate forests Australia Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Australia temperate savanna Australia Australasia Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bald Rock National Park II 21998 New South Wales, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Dunggir National Park II 6402 New South Wales, Australia
Girraween National Park II 28978 Queensland, Australia
Lamington National Park II 50970 Queensland, Australia
Maria National Park II 5735 New South Wales, Australia
Sundown National Park II 30557 Queensland, Australia
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Prey / Diet

Baloghia inophylla (Brush Bloodwood)[4]
Exocarpos cupressiformis[7]
Ficus macrophylla (Moreton Bay Fig)[8]
Ficus melinocarpa[8]
Ficus watkinsiana (Ficus watkinsiana)[8]
Geijera parviflora (Native Willow)[4]
Solanum decipiens (Black or Garden Nightshade)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Ailuroedus crassirostris (Green Catbird)2
Aplonis metallica (Metallic Starling)1
Aprosmictus erythropterus (Red-winged Parrot)1
Cacatua galerita (Sulphur-crested Cockatoo)1
Casuarius casuarius (Southern Cassowary)2
Chlamydera cerviniventris (Fawn-breasted Bowerbird)1
Columba leucomela (White-headed Pigeon)3
Coracina lineata (Barred Cuckooshrike)1
Cyclopsitta diophthalma (Double-eyed Fig Parrot)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Lalage leucomela (Varied Triller)1
Lopholaimus antarcticus (Topknot Pigeon)3
Macropygia amboinensis (Brown Cuckoo-Dove)1
Manorina melanocephala (Noisy Miner)1
Meliphaga lewinii (Lewin's Honeyeater)2
Oriolus sagittatus (Olive-backed Oriole)1
Phaps chalcoptera (Common Bronzewing)1
Philemon buceroides (Helmeted Friarbird)1
Platycercus elegans (Crimson Rosella)3
Pseudochirops archeri (Green Ringtail)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)1
Pteropus poliocephalus (gray-headed flying fox)3
Ptilinopus magnificus (Wompoo Fruit Dove)3
Ptilinopus regina (Rose-crowned Fruit Dove)3
Ptilinopus superbus (Superb Fruit Dove)2
Ptilonorhynchus violaceus (Satin Bowerbird)2
Ptiloris magnificus (Magnificent Riflebird)1
Scythrops novaehollandiae (Channel-billed Cuckoo)2
Sericulus chrysocephalus (Regent Bowerbird)2
Sphecotheres viridis (Green Figbird)2
Strepera graculina (Pied Currawong)1
Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus (Scaly-breasted Lorikeet)1
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Xanthotis flaviventer (Tawny-breasted Honeyeater)1
Zosterops lateralis (Silvereye)1


Parasitized by 
Ascaridia columbae <Unverified Name>[9]
Ascaridia platyceri <Unverified Name>[9]
Neopsittaconirmus circumfasciatus[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Adelaide Zoo
Albuquerque Biological Park
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Auckland Zoological Park
Australia Zoo
Blackbutt Reserve
Brooklands Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Currumbin Wildlife Sanctuary
Dunedin Botanic Gardens Aviary
Hamilton Zooscapularis
Healesville Sanctuary
Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd.
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
National Zoo & Aquarium
Olmense Zoo
Orana Wildlife Park
Parc des Oiseaux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaien
Symbio Wildlife Gardens
Taronga Zoo
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wilhelma Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding





Attributes / relations provided by
1Higgins, PJ (Ed) (1999) Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. Volume 4: Parrots to dollarbird. Oxford University Press, Melbourne
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
5Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
6de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
7Food of some birds in eastern New South Wales: additions to Barker & Vestjens. Emu 93(3): 195–199
8"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
9Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access