Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Psittacus > Psittacus erithacus
 

Psittacus erithacus (Grey Parrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The African grey parrot, grey parrot or Congo African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) is an Old World parrot in the family Psittacidae.
View Wikipedia Record: Psittacus erithacus

Infraspecies

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Psittacus erithacus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
13
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
44
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.5056
EDGE Score: 3.13598

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  333 grams
Birth Weight [2]  18.7 grams
Clutch Size [4]  2
Diet [3]  Omnivore
Maximum Longevity [1]  50 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Albertine Rift montane forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi,Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cameroonian Highlands forests Cameroon, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central African mangroves Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial, Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Mangroves    
Central Congolian lowland forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Niger transition forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
East African montane forests Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Guinean forests Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Benin, Togo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire Afrotropic Mangroves
Guinean montane forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Niger Delta swamp forests Nigeria Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Nigerian lowland forests Nigeria, Benin Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northwestern Congolian lowland forests Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sao Tome, Principe and Annobon moist lowland forests São Tomé and Príncipe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Southern Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Victoria Basin forest-savanna mosaic Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian forest-savanna mosaic Gabon, Congo, Democratic Rep of the Congo, Angola Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Congolian swamp forests Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Guinean lowland forests Guinea, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Basse-Lobaye Forest Biosphere Reserve 44196 Central African Republic  
Kahuzi-Biéga National Park II 1647768 Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Kakamega Forest Reseve Forest Reserve 44820 Kenya
Kenting National Park II 78882 Taiwan
Kibale National Park II 196202 Uganda
Korup National Park II 322100 Cameroon
Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve No or Non - Hunting Forest Reserve II 66602 Sierra Leone  
Mont Nimba Strict Nature Reserve Ia 11675 Côte d'Ivoire  
Mont Peko National Park II 77790 Côte d'Ivoire  
Nouabalï-Ndoki National Park II 1013529 Congo  
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National d'Odzala National Park II 3423581 Congo  
Parc National de la Lopé National Park 1227419 Gabon  
Parc National de Tai National Park II 1085310 Côte d'Ivoire  
Queen Elizabeth National Park II 522052 Uganda
Reserve de Moukalaba-Dougoua (Gamba Complex) Faunal Reserve IV 266550 Gabon  
Reserve des Monts Doudou (Gamba Complex) Wildlife Management Area 656901 Gabon  
Rubondo National Park II 50330 Tanzania
Sapo National Park II 239074 Liberia  
Takamanda National Park II 167041 Cameroon  
Western Area Peninsula Non-hunting Forest Reserve No or Non - Hunting Forest Reserve II 40823 Sierra Leone  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Afi River Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Akanda Gabon A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Akassa forests Nigeria A1, A3, A4i
Ankasa Resource Reserve: Nini-Sushien National Park Ghana A1, A2, A3
Atewa Range Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Azagny National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Bakossi mountains Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bangui Central African Republic A3
Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Bia National Park and Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Biseni forests Nigeria A3
Boin River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Boin Tano Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bosomtwe Range Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bossematie Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Boumba: Bek Cameroon A3
Budongo Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Bugoma Central Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Bura River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Campo Ma'an complex Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Cape Three Points Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Cestos: Senkwen Liberia A1, A2, A3
Conkouati National Park Congo A1, A3, A4ii
Cross River National Park: Oban Division Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Cross River National Park: Okwangwo Division Nigeria A1, A2, A3
Cuango Angola A3
Dadieso Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Diécké Guinea A1, A2, A3
Dimonika Biosphere Reserve Congo A1, A3
Dja Faunal Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Draw River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Dzanga-Ndoki National Park Central African Republic A1, A2, A3
Ebi River Shelterbelt Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Fazao-Malfakassa National Park Togo A1, A3
Forests west of Lake Edward Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Fure River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Gamba Protected Areas Complex Gabon A1, A2, A3, A4i
Gola Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Grebo Liberia A1, A2, A3
Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Itombwe Mountains Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Jema-Asemkrom Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Kabitaï Guinea A3
Kahuzi-Biega National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Kakamega forest Kenya A1, A2, A3
Kakum National Park: Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Kasyoha: Kitomi Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Kibale National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Kibira National Park Burundi A1, A2, A3
Korup National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Lake Te'le' Community Reserve Congo  
Lamto Ecological Research Station Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Léfini Faunal Reserve Congo A1, A3
Lobéké National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex Liberia A1, A2, A3
Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Lomako: Yekokora Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Lopé Faunal Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Lower Kouilou basin Congo A1, A2, A3
Luachimo River (Chitato) Angola A1, A3
Luki Forest Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A3
Mabira Forest Reserve Uganda A1, A3
Maiko National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Maiombe Angola A1, A2, A3
Mamiri Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Massif du Ziama Guinea A1, A2, A3
Mbam Djerem National Park Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mbam Minkom: Kala Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Minkébé Forest Reserve Gabon A1, A2, A3
Minziro Forest Reserve Tanzania A1, A3
Mont Nlonako Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Monte Alen National Park Equatorial Guinea A1, A2, A3
Mopri Forest Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Hoyo Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Mount Kupe Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Mount Rata and Rumpi Hills Forest Reserve Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Nabajjuzi Wetland Uganda  
Ngiri Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3, A4i, A4ii
Ngotto Central African Republic A3
Nimba mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Nki Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex Congo A3
Ntokou Pikounda Reserve Congo  
Nyungwe National Park Rwanda A1, A2, A3
Odzala National Park complex Congo A3
Ogooué delta and Mandji island Gabon A1, A2, A3, A4i  
Ogooué Leketi National Park Congo  
Okapi Faunal Reserve Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Okomu National Park Nigeria A1, A3
Omo Forest Reserve Nigeria A1, A3
Peko Mountain National Park Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Pra-Sushien Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George Uganda A1, A3, A4i
Salonga National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A3
Sango Bay area Uganda A1, A3, A4i, A4iii
Santchou Faunal Reserve Cameroon A1, A3
Sapo National Park Liberia A1, A2, A3
Semliki National Park Uganda A1, A2, A3
Subri River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Sunvit Farm Nigeria A3
Tai National Park and Nzo Faunal Reserve Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Tano-Anwia Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tano-Nimiri Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Tano-Offin Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Upper Orashi forests Nigeria A3
Virunga National Park Congo, The Democratic Republic of the A1, A2, A3
Western Area Peninsula Non-hunting Forest Reserve Sierra Leone A1, A2, A3
Wologizi mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Wonegizi mountains Liberia A1, A2, A3
Yabassi Cameroon A1, A2, A3
Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves Cte dIvoire A1, A2, A3
Yoyo River Forest Reserve Ghana A1, A2, A3
Zwedru Liberia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe No
Guinean Forests of West Africa Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Sierra Leone, Togo No

Prey / Diet

Pseudospondias microcarpa[5]
Pseudosponias microcarpa[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cercopithecus ascanius (black-cheeked white-nosed monkey)1
Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee)1
Tauraco schuettii (Black-billed Turaco)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Hectopsylla psittaci[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Africa Alive!
African Safarierithacus
Al Ain Zooerithacus
Alabama Gulf Coast Zooerithacus
 timneh
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstan
 erithacus
America's Teaching Zoo
Ardastra Gardens & Conserv. Centre
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Auckland Zoological Park
Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo
Binder Park Zootimneh
Bird Park Marlow
Birdland Park & Gardenstimneh
Blackpool Zooerithacus
 timneh
Bosphorus Zoo (Bogaziçi Hayvanat
Brevard Zoo
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Brooklands Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Caldwell Zooerithacus
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Parkerithacus
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeronerithacus
Chahinkapa Zoo
Charles Paddock Zooerithacus
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkerithacus
Chiangmai Zoological Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Columbian Park Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Combe Martin Wildlife & Dinosaur Parkerithacus
Copenhagen Zoo
 erithacus
Cougar Mountain Zoological Parkerithacus
Dallas Zooerithacus
David Traylor Zoo of Emporiaerithacus
Denver Zoological Gardens
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
 erithacus
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
DSI Givskud Zooerithacus
Dunedin Botanic Gardens Aviary
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Parkerithacus
 timneh
Ellen Trout Zoo
 erithacus
Emerald Safari Resorterithacus
Espace Zoolog de St-Martin-la-Plaine
 erithacus
Flamingo Land LTD
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
 timneh
Folly Farm Leisure Ltderithacus
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Frank Buck Zoo
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Pauloerithacus
Fundacao Zoo-Botan. de Belo Horizonte
Giza Zoological Gardenerithacus
 timneh
Greater Vancouver Zoo
Greenville Zooerithacus
Guadalajara Zoo
Guldborgsund Zoo & Botanical Gardentimneh
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkin
 timneh
Harewood Bird Garden at Leeds
Hattiesburg Zoo
HeverJardin d'Oiseaux Tropicaux
Houston Zoo, Inc.
 erithacus
Isle of Wight Zooerithacus
Jackson Zoological Parkerithacus
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zooerithacus
 timneh
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
 erithacus
Johannesburg Zoological Gardenserithacus
 timneh
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
 erithacus
 timneh
Jyllands Park Zoo
 erithacus
Kadoorie Farm & Botanic Garden
Kaliningrad Zooerithacus
 timneh
Kansas City Zooerithacus
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kharkiv Zoo
Kishinev Zooparktimneh
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Knuthenborg Safaripark
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Kyiv Zoological Parkerithacus
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lion Country Safari Inc - Florida
Little Rock Zoological Gardenserithacus
Longleat Safari Parkerithacus
 timneh
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardenserithacus
Lotherton Bird Garden
Lubee Bat Conservancyerithacus
 timneh
Magnetic Hill Zoo
Maryland Zoo in Baltimoreerithacus
Menagerie du Jardin des Planteserithacus
Miami Metrozoo
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodztimneh
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsawerithacus
 timneh
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Mitchell Park Zoo
 erithacus
 timneh
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Parkerithacus
 timneh
Nakhon Ratchasima Zool. Park
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Natural Encounters, Inc.
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Counciltimneh
Novosibirsk Zoological Parkerithacus
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernaserithacus
Odense Zoologiske Havetimneh
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny im. Stefana Milera
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opoleerithacus
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Olmense Zooerithacus
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Palm Beach Zoo at Dreher Parkerithacus
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Paradise Park Wildlife Sanctuary
 erithacus
 timneh
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc de Lunaret
Parc des Oiseaux
 erithacus
 timneh
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
 erithacus
Parc Zoologic de Barcelonatimneh
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevilleerithacus
Parc Zoologique De Cleres (MNHN)
 erithacus
 timneh
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
 erithacus
 timneh
Parc Zoologique de Lille
 timneh
Parc Zoologique de Paris (MNHN)erithacus
Parco Natura Viva
Park i Ogrod Zoologiczny w Krakowie
 erithacus
Parken Zoo i Eskilstuna AB
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèntimneh
Parque Ornitologico de Lourosa
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leonerithacus
Permskii Zoologicheskii Saderithacus
 timneh
Phoenix Zooerithacus
PRIAM Psittaculture Centre
 erithacus
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
 erithacus
Riga Zooerithacus
Rodbaston Collegeerithacus
Rolling Hills Wildlife Adventure
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Sacramento Zooerithacus
Safari de Peaugres
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunnerithacus
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquarerithacus
San Diego Wild Animal Parkerithacus
San Diego Zooerithacus
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Santa Fe CollegeTeaching Zooerithacus
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
 erithacus
Seneca Park Zooerithacus
Silesian Zoological Garden
Silver Springs Park
Songkhla Zoo
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
 erithacus
Stichting Nederlands Opvang Papegaaienerithacus
Szeged Zoo
 erithacus
Tallinn Zootimneh
Tata Steel Zoological Park
Tennessee Aquarium
The Naples Zoo
The Parrot Zoo
 timneh
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Tiergarten der Stadt Wels
Tierwelt Herberstein
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Topeka Zoological Parkerithacus
Touroparc
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tropical Butterfly Houseerithacus
Uganda Wildlife Education Centre
Umgeni River Bird Park
 timneh
Usti nad Labem Zooerithacus
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centre
Washington Park Zoological Gardens
Werribee Open Range Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wildlife World Zooerithacus
Willow Park Zoo
 erithacus
 timneh
Wingham Wildlife Park
 timneh
Wroclaw Zoo, LLCerithacus
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljanaerithacus
 timneh
Zoo and Aqua-Terrarium Ltd. Pécs
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo Atlanta
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de Santillana y Parque Cuaternario
 erithacus
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AGerithacus
 timneh
Zoo Landau in der Pfalzerithacus
 timneh
Zoo Melaka
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo of Acadiana
Zoo of Antwerp
 timneh
Zoo Parc de Beauval
 erithacus
Zoo Safari Swierkocin
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
 erithacus
Zoobotanico de Jerezerithacus
 timneh
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Society of Trinidad &Tobago
Zoologicka zahrada Ostravaerithacus
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologischer Garten Saarbrueckentimneh
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.
Zoomarine Italia S.p.A.
ZooWorld Zoological Botanical Conserv.

Distribution

Takamanda Forest Reserve;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 6Frugivory and the Fate of Dispersed and Non-Dispersed Seeds of Six African Tree Species, Colin A. Chapman and Lauren J. Chapman, Journal of Tropical Ecology Vol. 12, No. 4 (Jul., 1996), pp. 491-504 7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access