Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Loriculus > Loriculus vernalis
 

Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The vernal hanging parrot (Loriculus vernalis) is a small parrot which is a resident breeder in the Indian subcontinent and some other areas of Southeast Asia. It undergoes local movements, driven mainly by the availability of the fruit, seeds, buds and blossoms that make up its diet. They frequent the Banyan tree for the fruit and Plantain trees for the nectar from the flowers.This is a small, mainly green hanging parrot, only 14 cm long with a short tail.
View Wikipedia Record: Loriculus vernalis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
18
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.98714
EDGE Score: 1.60686

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  36 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  50 %
Diet - Nectar [2]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  50 %
Forages - Understory [2]  30 %
Clutch Size [3]  3
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Andaman Islands rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bung Kroeng Kavia Non-hunting Area   Thailand      
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park II 14328 Thailand  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Doi Chiang Dao Wildlife Sanctuary   Thailand      
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Phu Kha National Park II 472119 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Khitchakut National Park II 14722 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Nam Phrai Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Phra Thaeo Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Sok National Park II 159284 Thailand
Khao Tha Phet Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Nakha Wildlife Sanctuary IV 117887 Thailand  
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Mae Sa-Kog Ma Reserve   Thailand      
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mu Ko Chang National Park Marine National Park II 168511 Thailand
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Namtok Yong National Park II 52286 Thailand
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phra Budda Chaya National Park II 11157 Thailand  
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Prince Chumphon Park (North) Wildlife Sanctuary IV 152683 Thailand  
Ramkhamhaeng National Park II 71016 Thailand
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Sakaerat Environmental Research Station Biosphere Reserve 19294 Thailand  
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 45094 Thailand  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Wiang Kosai National Park II 108737 Thailand
Yod Dom Wildlife Sanctuary IV 59912 Thailand  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus altissima (false banyan)[4]
Ficus amplissima[4]
Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[4]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[4]
Ficus glaberrima[4]
Ficus globosa[4]
Ficus superba (Sea Fig)[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aceros corrugatus (Wrinkled Hornbill)2
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)3
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)3
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)2
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)2
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)6
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)2
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)5
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)5
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)2
Arborophila chloropus (Green-legged Partridge)2
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)5
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)2
Callosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)2
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)4
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)4
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)4
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)5
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)6
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)2
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)3
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)3
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)3
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)2
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)3
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)4
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)2
Elephas maximus (Asiatic Elephant)2
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)4
Garrulax leucolophus (White-crested Laughingthrush)3
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)7
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)6
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)2
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)2
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)7
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)8
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)2
Lophura nycthemera (Silver Pheasant)2
Loriculus galgulus (Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)2
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)4
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)2
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)7
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)4
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)6
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima incognita (Moustached Barbet)2
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)4
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)3
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)2
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)2
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)3
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)2
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)2
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)2
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)3
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)2
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)3
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)3
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)3
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)8
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)2
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)7
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)3
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)3
Rusa unicolor (sambar)2
Sus scrofa (wild boar)2
Tamiops rodolphii (Cambodian striped squirrel)2
Trachypithecus francoisi (François's leaf monkey)2
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)4
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)7
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)3
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)2
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)2
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)2

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Burger's Zoo
Hong Kong Zool. & Botanical Gardens
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Ragunan Zoological Park
Zoological Garden Prague

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access