Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Psittacula > Psittacula columboides
 

Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet; Malabar Parakeet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The blue-winged parakeet, also known as the Malabar parakeet (Psittacula columboides) is a species of parakeet endemic to the Western Ghats of southern India. Found in small flocks, they fly rapidly in forest clearings while making screeching calls that differ from those of other parakeet species within their distribution range. Their long blue tails tipped in yellow and the dark wings with blue contrast with the dull grey of their head and body. Adult males and females can be easily told apart from the colour of their beak.
View Wikipedia Record: Psittacula columboides

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
19
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.23488
EDGE Score: 1.65534

Attributes

Diet [1]  Frugivore, Nectarivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [1]  20 %
Diet - Nectar [1]  10 %
Diet - Plants [1]  30 %
Diet - Seeds [1]  40 %
Forages - Canopy [1]  40 %
Forages - Mid-High [1]  60 %
Clutch Size [3]  5
Incubation [2]  23 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Western Ghats World Heritage Site 1965266 Kerala, India  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Amarambalam Reserved Forest: Nilambur India A1, A2, A3
Anshi National Park India A1, A2, A3
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Bandipur National Park India A1, A2, A3
Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Bhimgad Forests India A1, A2, A3
Bramhagiri Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Carambolim Wetlands India A1, A2, A4i, A4iii
Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Eravikulam National Park India A1, A2, A3
Gudavi Bird Sanctuary India A1, A2, A4i
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park India A1, A2, A3
INS: Shivaji and adjoining areas, Lonavla India A1, A2, A3
Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve India A1, A2
Kemmangundi and Bababudan Hills India A1, A2, A3
Kemphole Reserve Forest India A2, A3
Kudremukh National Park India A1, A2, A3
Kulahupuzha Reserved Forest India A1, A2
Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Nagarhole National Park India A1, A2, A3
Nelliyampathy (Nemmara Division) India A1, A2
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Peechi: Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Sharavathi Valley Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Silent Valley National Park India A1, A2, A3
Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Srivilliputhur Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2
Thattekkad Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3
Vazhachal Forest Division India A1, A2, A3
Wynaad Wildlife Sanctuary India A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka Yes

Prey / Diet

Ficus amplissima[4]
Ficus drupacea (brown-woolly fig)[4]
Ficus scassellatii[4]
Ficus thonningii (Chinese banyan)[4]
Ficus tsjahela[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acridotheres fuscus (Jungle Myna)1
Acridotheres tristis (Common Myna)3
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)4
Alcippe poioicephala (Brown-cheeked Fulvetta)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)3
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)3
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)3
Columba elphinstonii (Nilgiri Wood Pigeon)1
Columba livia (Rock Pigeon)1
Copsychus saularis (Oriental Magpie-Robin)1
Coracina novaehollandiae (Black-faced Cuckooshrike)2
Corvus macrorhynchos (Large-billed Crow)3
Corvus splendens (House Crow)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta leucogastra (White-bellied Treepie)2
Dendrocitta vagabunda (Rufous Treepie)2
Dicaeum agile (Thick-billed Flowerpecker)2
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)1
Dicrurus adsimilis (Fork-tailed Drongo)1
Dicrurus hottentottus (Hair-crested Drongo)1
Dicrurus paradiseus (Greater Racket-tailed Drongo)1
Dinopium benghalense (Lesser Goldenback)3
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)2
Geokichla citrina (Orange-headed Thrush)2
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)2
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)4
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)3
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)2
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)3
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)3
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)3
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Ocyceros griseus (Malabar Grey Hornbill)3
Oriolus oriolus (Eurasian Golden Oriole)3
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Parus major (Great Tit)1
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)1
Pericrocotus flammeus (Scarlet Minivet)1
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)4
Psittacula eupatria (Alexandrine Parakeet)1
Psittacula krameri (Rose-ringed Parakeet)2
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)2
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)2
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)3
Pycnonotus luteolus (White-browed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)3
Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)1
Streptopelia chinensis (Spotted Dove)1
Sturnia malabarica (Chestnut-tailed Starling)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Treron pompadora (Pompadour Green Pigeon)3
Turdoides striata (Bengal jungle babbler)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)2

Range Map

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
2del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access